digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For other uses, see Terminal (disambiguation).
The Tom Bradley International Terminal of Los Angeles International Airport, which handles the most origin and destination (O&D) flights in the world

An airport terminal is a building at an airport where passengers transfer between ground transportation and the facilities that allow them to board and disembark from aircraft.

Within the terminal, passengers purchase tickets, transfer their luggage, and go through security. The buildings that provide access to the airplanes (via gates) are typically called concourses. However, the terms "terminal" and "concourse" are sometimes used interchangeably, depending on the configuration of the airport.

Smaller airports have one terminal while larger airports have several terminals and/or concourses. At small airports, the single terminal building typically serves all of the functions of a terminal and a concourse.

Some larger airports have one terminal that is connected to multiple concourses via walkways, sky-bridges, or underground tunnels (such as Denver International Airport). Some larger airports have more than one terminal, each with one or more concourses (such as New York's JFK Airport). Still other larger airports have multiple terminals each of which incorporate the functions of a concourse (such as Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport).

According to Frommers, most airport terminals are built in a plain style, with the 'concrete boxes of the 1960s and '70s generally gave way to glass boxes in the '90s and '00s, with the best terminals making a vague stab at incorporating ideas of "light" and "air"'. However, some, such as Baghdad International Airport, are monumental in stature, while others are considered architectural masterpieces, such as Terminal 1 at Charles de Gaulle airport near Paris or Terminal 5 at New York's JFK Airport. A few are designed to reflect the culture of a particular area, some examples being the terminal at Albuquerque International Sunport in New Mexico, which is designed in the Pueblo Revival style popularized by architect John Gaw Meem, as well as the terminal at Bahías de Huatulco International Airport in Huatulco, Oaxaca, Mexico, which features some palapas that are interconnected to form the airport terminal.[2][3]

Designs[edit]

Typical Passengers-Terminal Configurations

Due to the rapid rise in popularity of passenger flight, many early terminals were built in the 1930s–1940s and reflected the popular art deco style architecture of the time. One such surviving example from 1940 is the Houston Municipal Airport Terminal. Early airport terminals opened directly onto the tarmac: passengers would walk or take a bus to their aircraft. This design is still common among smaller airports, and even many larger airports have "bus gates" to accommodate aircraft beyond the main terminal.

Typical design of a terminal, showing the Departures (upper half of page) and Arrivals levels. 1. Departures Lounge. 2. Gates and jet bridges. 3. Security Clearance Gates. 4 Baggage Check-in. 5. Baggage Carousels

Pier[edit]

Check-in counters at Bengaluru International Airport, India
4th floor ticketing hall of the Kansai International Airport, Japan
Mumbai Airport (Domestic Terminal), India

A pier design uses a small, narrow building with aircraft parked on both sides. One end connects to a ticketing and baggage claim area. Piers offer high aircraft capacity and simplicity of design, but often result in a long distance from the check-in counter to the gate (up to half a mile in the cases of Kansai International Airport or Lisbon Portela Airport's Terminal 1). Most large international airports have piers, including Chicago's O'Hare International Airport, Larnaca International Airport, Frankfurt International Airport, London Heathrow Airport, Amsterdam Schiphol Airport, Murtala Muhammed International Airport, Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Mérida International Airport, Bangkok International Airport, Mazatlan International Airport, Beirut International Airport, Hong Kong International Airport, Allama Iqbal International Airport, Tijuana International Airport, Rome Fiumicino Airport, Toronto-Pearson International Airport, Delhi International Airport, Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport and Miami International Airport.

Satellite terminals[edit]

A satellite terminal is a building detached from other airport buildings, so that aircraft can park around its entire circumference. The first airport to use a satellite terminal was London Gatwick Airport. It used an underground pedestrian tunnel to connect the satellite to the main terminal. This was also the first setup at Los Angeles International Airport, but it has since been converted to a pier layout. The first airport to use an automatic people mover to connect the main terminal with a satellite was Tampa International Airport, which is the standard today. Other examples include the following:

Semicircular terminals[edit]

Some airports use a semicircular terminal, with aircraft parked on one side and cars on the other. This design results in long walks for connecting passengers, but greatly reduces travel times between check-in and the aircraft. Airports designed around this model include Charles de Gaulle International Airport (terminal 2), Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai (terminal 2), Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, Seoul's Incheon International Airport, Jakarta's Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Toronto Pearson Airport, Kansas City Airport and Sapporo's New Chitose Airport.

Other[edit]

One rarer terminal design is the mobile lounge, where passengers are transported from the gate to their aircraft in a large vehicle which docks directly to the terminal and the aircraft. Washington Dulles International Airport, Mexico City International Airport, and Mirabel International Airport have used this design.

Hybrid layouts also exist. San Francisco International Airport and Melbourne Airport use a hybrid pier-semicircular layout and a pier layout for the rest.

Common-use facility[edit]

A common-use facility or terminal design disallows airlines to have its own proprietary check-in counters, gates and IT systems. Rather, check-in counters and gates can be flexibly reassigned as needed.[4]

Records[edit]

Dubai International Airport, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, Terminal 3, became the largest single Terminal building in the world with an area of over (1,713,000 m²) when it opened on October 14, 2008. It can handle an excess of 60 million passengers.[5]

Beijing, Hong Kong, Bangkok and Barcelona have the world's second, third, fourth and fifth largest single terminals (986,000 m2, 570,000 m2, 563,000 m2 and 546,000 m2) in Beijing Capital International Airport, Hong Kong International Airport, Suvarnabhumi Airport and Barcelona Airport respectively.

Ground transportation[edit]

Many small and mid-size airports have a single two or three-lane one-way loop road which is used by local private vehicles and buses to drop off and pick up passengers.

An international airport may have two grade-separated one-way loop roads, one for departures and one for arrivals. It may have a direct rail connection by regional rail, light rail, or subway to the downtown or central business district of the closest major city. The largest airports may have direct connections to the closest freeway. There will be car rental agencies and taxi companies operating around the terminals. The Hong Kong International Airport has ferry piers on the airside to connect with ferry piers across the border. Dubai International Airport leads the latter in terms of design, comfort, and location.[citation needed]

Airport lobby

Zones[edit]

Pre-Security

Post Security

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Busiest Airports – The Busiest Airports in the World. Geography.about.com. Retrieved on 2013-04-09.
  2. ^ The 10 Worst Airport Terminals Slideshow at Frommer's. Frommers.com. Retrieved on 2013-04-09.
  3. ^ World's 10 Most Beautiful Airport Terminals Slideshow at Frommer's. Frommers.com. Retrieved on 2013-04-09.
  4. ^ McGraw-Hill Construction | ENR – Next Phase of Baggage Screening Goes In-line, Out ofView. Enr.construction.com (2003-12-15). Retrieved on 2013-04-09.
  5. ^ New Terminal 3 to evoke 'tranquillity' – The National. Thenational.ae (2011-07-22). Retrieved on 2013-04-09.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airport_terminal — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Mumbai's New Airport Terminal -T2 . Amitabh Bachan

Narrated By Amitabh Bachan The new terminal has been built by the GVK-led consortium has been built at a cost of over 2 Billion USD. The T2 covers an area of...

NEW Heathrow POD cars - full ride from London Heathrow Airport's Terminal 5 to Business Car Park B

London Heathrow Airport's innovative new Ultra POD transport system connects Terminal 5 with the airport's extensive Business Car Park areas. The British-dev...

Take Off from London Heathrow Airport. Terminal 5

Nice views of the airport, parked and departing plane, Malaysia Airlines Airbus A380 and Cathay Pacific Boeing 777.

✈ Airport Chronicles: Dubai International Airport, Terminal 3

Why I love being in airports! My latest blog entry: http://backpackerlee.wordpress.com/2013/11/30/why-i-love-being-in-airports/ Here is an in-depth look at D...

How to Connect at Frankfurt Airport from Terminal 1B Bus to Gate Z69 - Walkthrough

A walk through the incredibly huge Frankfurt Airport, starting at Bus Arrival 1B, going through the transfer tunnel over to Pier A, where I passed passport c...

A sneak peek into Changi Airport Terminal 4

Presenting a glimpse of what passengers will experience at Terminal 4 when it opens in 2017.

LaGuardia Airport Terminal Tour

This video follows the ramps and streets around the LAGuardia Airport Terminals in Queens, New York City.

A Short Tour of London Heathrow Airport. Terminal 5

SNEAK PEEK: MUMBAI'S NEW INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT TERMINAL - BBC NEWS

Take a sneak peak of Mumbai's new international airport terminal which is due to open in February. The developers claim it will be one of the best terminals ...

Megastructure Mumbai International Airport Terminal 2 Construction

India is proud to present the world's best airport,Narrated by Amitabh Bachchan and in Terminal 2 : Where Dreams Take Flight" is an exploration of the passio...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

6573 news items

 
Rapid City Journal
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 05:00:00 -0700

The defunct Rapid City Regional Airport terminal will be torn down by the end of February for two good reasons: in part because it is crumbling, and also because it violates FAA regulations. The bids for the demolition project will be opened on ...

Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 08:35:09 -0700

Travelers stand in line at a Porter Airlines Inc. check-in counter at Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport in Toronto. Porter Aviation, parent of Porter Airlines, has put its passenger terminal at the airport on the auction block. Bloomberg News. Porter ...

KMOV.com

KMOV.com
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 05:22:30 -0700

KANSAS CITY, MO (KCTV) -Terminal B at Kansas City International Airport was evacuated due to a bomb threat Sunday night, but the terminal reopened Sunday evening. KCI spokesman Joe McBride said they received a credible tip that a bomb was in a ...

Northern Ontario Business

Reuters
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 09:55:51 -0700

TORONTO Aug 29 (Reuters) - Porter Aviation Holdings Inc, the parent of upstart Canadian carrier Porter Airlines, said on Friday it was considering selling and then leasing back the passenger terminal it operates at Toronto's Billy Bishop City Airport.
 
The Straits Times
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 01:48:45 -0700

A cement mixer driver died after he was involved in an accident at Changi Airport's Terminal 3. -- ST PHOTO: JALELAH ABU BAKER. A cement mixer driver died after he was involved in an accident at Changi Airport's Terminal 3. -- ST PHOTO: JALELAH ABU ...

Reuters

Reuters
Sat, 23 Aug 2014 17:12:35 -0700

TRIPOLI (Reuters) - Fire destroyed the terminal at Tripoli's main airport on Sunday, one day after it was seized by militia fighters from the Libyan city of Misrata, witnesses said. Unidentified war planes also attacked targets in the capital ...
 
Business Record
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 13:37:30 -0700

A proposed new half-billion-dollar terminal at Des Moines International Airport has been named one of North America's top 100 infrastructure projects by Washington, D.C.-based consulting firm CG/LA Infrastructure, reports DesMoinesRegister.com. As ...
 
WWL
Thu, 07 Aug 2014 15:50:18 -0700

KENNER, La. - A contract review panel recommended joint venture led by Hunt Construction, Gibbs Construction and Boh Brothers to build new airport terminal. The New Orleans Aviation Board will now vote to accept or reject the recommendation. It's been ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Airport terminal

You can talk about Airport terminal with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!