digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Ahmad Moftizadeh
Ellameh Ahmad Moftizadeh.jpg
Religion Islam
Other names Ellameh Ahmad Moftizadeh
Personal
Born 1933
Sanandaj, Kurdistan
Died 1993
Tehran, Iran
Senior posting
Based in Iranian Kurdistan
Period in office 1933 - 1993
Religious career
Previouspost

Leadership and founder intellectual movement school Quran

  • Religious leader of the Kurdistan region
Website http://maktabquran.org

Ahmad Moftizadeh (1933–1993) (Kurdish:کاکه ئه حمدی موفتی زاده-Kak Ahmed Moftizadeh Persian: علامہ احمد مفتی زاده) was an influential political and religious thinker among the Sunni Kurdish minority in Iranian Kurdistan.[1] He is best known for his leading role in negotiating democratic freedoms for the Kurdish people in Iran during the country's Islamic Revolution. Moftizadeh led one of three major Kurdish factions during the Islamic Revolution that were demanding increased rights for Kurds in the new government. His negotiations ultimately failed and the new revolutionary authorities of the Islamic Republic of Iran ordered the arrest of Moftizadeh and several of his followers.[2] Moftizadeh died shortly after his release from prison in 1993 due to severe torture and mistreatment by Iranian prison authorities.[3]

Rise to Influence[edit]

Ahmad Moftizadeh was a Kurdish nationalist and Islamist leader that emerged during the Shah's rule of Iran just prior to the time of the Islamic Revolution of 1979. He was widely regarded as one of the most influential Sunni personalities in Iran and rose to fame among the larger Kurdish community in Iran after being targeted by government authorities of the Shah of Iran for his demands for Kurdish autonomy.[4]

Moftizadeh was the son of the Mufti (religious leader) of the Iranian Kurdistan region, but decided by his own will not to assume the clerical role in the same capacity as his father. Moftizadeh studied at the University of Tehran where he was in constant contact with members of the outlawed Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran and he began to develop his political ideas as a student in Tehran. He left the university in the 1960s and began visiting various centers of religious education in the cities of Halabja, Biyareh and Khaneqin across the border in Iraqi Kurdistan due to the restrictions on Sunni religious schools in Iran.[5]

Moftizadeh eventually took a role in the Kurdish city of Sanandaj as the Friday prayer leader in the 1970s where he began to gather support among religious Kurds concerning the mistreatment of both the ethnic Kurdish and religious Sunni minority in Iran.[6] He also drew support from religious Kurds that were dissatisfied with the current nationalist Kurdish movements in Iran at the time through his preaching of nonviolence in response to Kurdish infighting throughout the region. Moftizadeh and some of his supporters were imprisoned by the Shah's government in 1976 when his political activities in Sanandaj became known to the local authorities but were released less than a month afterwards.[7]

Leadership during Islamic Revolution[edit]

By the time the Islamic Revolution swept Iran in 1978, Ahmad Moftizadeh had already developed his own faction of Kurdish followers that supported the notion of a unified Islamic and democratic state of Iran with special autonomy for the Kurdish people.[8] In 1978, Moftizadeh founded the Maktabe Koran or the Quranic School of Thought in Sanandaj.[9] As a leader of a large segment of people in the Kurdish city of Sanandaj, he drew opposition from communist and nationalist groups early on for supporting the notion of an Islamic state. However, despite a brief confrontation and continued heavy disagreements about the role of Kurds in the Islamic Revolution, Moftizadeh maintained a neutral relationship with other more influential nationalist factions such as the secular Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran.[10]

After multiple discussions with the leader of the revolution, Ayatollah Khomeini, through intermediaries, Moftizadeh was reported to have said that the "guarantee of autonomy for the Kurds is in my pocket". The new leaders of the Islamic Republic reportedly offered a number of guarantees to Moftizadeh, which included some autonomy for the Kurds, in return for his followers' support of the revolution.[11]

Imprisonment and Torture[edit]

Further information: 1979 Kurdish rebellion in Iran

Within three years of the Islamic Revolution and just prior to military operations against Iranian Kurdistan by the new Islamic Republic of Iran,[12] Ahmad Moftizadeh had announced that his agreements with the new government were completely violated, and that he no longer supported the Islamic State. He decided to resign from the consultative body of which he had been a member and unofficially gave up his leadership role over the Kurdish faction that he had developed. In 1983, Iranian authorities arrested Moftizadeh on the account that he was endangering national security and a court later sentenced him to 10 years in prison. The specific charges against him were never publicly announced.[13]

While in prison, Moftizadeh reportedly suffered continuous brutal torture at the hands of authorities. Just six months after his release from prison, he died. Individuals close to Moftizadeh claimed that nearly all the bones in his body had been repeatedly broken and blamed his death on the torture and mistreatment by Iranian authorities.[14]

After Moftizadeh's death, some of his followers including influential figures - Sabhani Naser and Farough Farsad - were arrested and killed by Iranian authorities in order to ensure that any further movement developing under Moftizadeh's faction would be exterminated.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hassanpour, Amir. "Book Reviews Kurdish Studies: Orientalist, Positivist, and Critical Approaches". Middle East Journal © 1993 Middle East Institute
  2. ^ "Evidence about the widespread, planned and systematic violation of Human Rights in Iran". Iranian Human Rights Activist Groups in EU and North America. http://www.komitedefa.org/sidor/rep37E.htm
  3. ^ "Sunni Iranian Muslim Brethren Tortured and Oppressed by the Iranian Regime". Iranian Sunni League. 28 November 1997. He spent his life serving human & humanity. Ahmad Moftizadeh did not received Nobel Pease prize but his name and his way always has been the cause of peace in the human hearts (references available in life of his clienteles ).http://www.scribd.com/doc/22635628/Sunni-Iranian-Muslim-Brethren-Tortured-and-Oppressed-by-the-Iranian-Regime
  4. ^ "Evidence about the widespread, planned and systematic violation of Human Rights in Iran". Iranian Human Rights Activist Groups in EU and North America. http://www.komitedefa.org/sidor/rep37E.htm
  5. ^ Nowicki, Goran. Republic of Kurdistan. Debating World Issues. PostGlobal. January 2008.
  6. ^ "Iran after the victory of 1979's Revolution". Iran Chamber Society. http://www.iranchamber.com/history/islamic_revolution/revolution_and_iran_after1979_1.php
  7. ^ "Evidence about the widespread, planned and systematic violation of Human Rights in Iran". Iranian Human Rights Activist Groups in EU and North America. http://www.komitedefa.org/sidor/rep37E.htm
  8. ^ "Iran after the victory of 1979's Revolution". Iran Chamber Society. http://www.iranchamber.com/history/islamic_revolution/revolution_and_iran_after1979_1.php
  9. ^ "Iran: Freedom of Expression and Association in the Kurdish Regions". Humand Rights Watch. January 9, 2009. http://www.iranrights.org/english/document-549.php
  10. ^ Nowicki, Goran. Republic of Kurdistan. Debating World Issues. PostGlobal. January 2008.
  11. ^ "Iran after the victory of 1979's Revolution". Iran Chamber Society. http://www.iranchamber.com/history/islamic_revolution/revolution_and_iran_after1979_1.php
  12. ^ Nikou, Semira N. Timeline of Military and Security Events. United States Institute of Peace. The Iran Primer. http://iranprimer.usip.org/resource/timeline-military-and-security-events
  13. ^ "Iran: Freedom of Expression and Association in the Kurdish Regions". Humand Rights Watch. January 9, 2009. http://www.iranrights.org/english/document-549.php
  14. ^ "Iran: Freedom of Expression and Association in the Kurdish Regions". Humand Rights Watch. January 9, 2009. http://www.iranrights.org/english/document-549.php
  15. ^ Copithorne, Maurice. Helping To Make A Democratic Iran. 28 July 2000. http://www.lightspeed.ca/personalpage/siamak/ghassemlu/United%20Nation.htm

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmad_Moftizadeh — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
155 videos foundNext > 

جةبكى صةلاوات - ئةحمةد مفتى زادة | Ahmad Moftizadeh - Chapke Salwat

http://www.facebook.com/mahdixurshid http://twitter.com/mahdixurshid http://www.eyeem.com/u/mahdixurshid91 http://www.instagram.com/mrmahdihd https://soundcl...

کاک احمد مفتی زادە /سەراپا ئەم دڵەم عەشق و ئەوینە

سەراپا ئەم دڵەم عەشق و ئەوینە لە بۆ دیداری سەرداری مەدینە.

خواناسی پایە بەرز مامۆستا ئەحمەدی موفتی زادە کە بەدەستی ڕژێمی شیعەی ئێران شەهید کرا (بەشی ٢)

Jump to: navigation, search Ahmad Moftizadeh Religion Islam Other name(s) Ellameh Ahmad Moftizadeh Personal Born 1933 Sanandaj, Kurdistan Died 1993 Tehran, I...

Ahmed Mufti Zada ‎‏ ئەحمەد موفتی زادە

هه‌میشه‌ دۆستایه‌تی كه‌سانێك بكه‌ كه‌ حه‌قیان له‌ تۆ خۆشتر ده‌وێت. Ahmed Mufti Zada, ئه‌حمه‌دی‌ موفتی‌ زاده, Ahmad Moftizadeh, کاکه ئه حمدی موفتی زاده‌ له‌ 9...

ئه ندامانی مکتب قرآن به بیستنی ناوی موفتیزاده ئه‌گرین

به‌ڵام نه شه‌رعی ئیسلام و نه وته‌کانی ڕێبه‌ره‌که‌یان نه‌یتوانیوه کاریگه‌ری له‌سه‌ر شوێنکه‌وتانی هه‌بێت و هه‌مو تواناکانیان خستۆته گه‌ڕ بۆ به‌رز کردنه‌وه‌و قه...

بررسی پدیده غلو درباره کاک احمد مفتی زاده قسمت چهارم

بررسی پدیده غلو درباره کاک احمد مفتی زاده قسمت چهارم barrasi-padideh-gholov-darbareh-kak-ahmad-mofti-zadeh-4.

بررسی پدیده غلو درباره کاک احمد مفتی زاده قسمت سوم

بررسی پدیده غلو درباره کاک احمد مفتی زاده قسمت سوم barrasi-padideh-gholov-darbareh-kak-ahmad-mofti-zadeh-3.

بررسی پدیده غلو درباره کاک احمد مفتی زاده قسمت دوم

بررسی پدیده غلو درباره کاک احمد مفتی زاده قسمت دوم barrasi-padideh-gholov-darbareh-kak-ahmad-mofti-zadeh-2.

بررسی پدیده غلو درباره کاک احمد مفتی زاده قسمت اول

بررسی پدیده غلو درباره کاک احمد مفتی زاده قسمت اول barrasi-padideh-gholov-darbareh-kak-ahmad-mofti-zadeh-1.

NADER MOFTIZADEH, JAAM

NADER MOFTIZADEH LIVING IN LOS ANGELES CONTACT: NADER@NADERMUSICAL.COM.

155 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Ahmad Moftizadeh" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Ahmad Moftizadeh

You can talk about Ahmad Moftizadeh with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!