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Agusan del Norte
Province of Agusan del Norte
Flag of Agusan del Norte
Official seal of Agusan del Norte
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°10′N 125°30′E / 9.17°N 125.5°E / 9.17; 125.5Coordinates: 9°10′N 125°30′E / 9.17°N 125.5°E / 9.17; 125.5
Country Philippines
Region Caraga (Region XIII)
Founded 17 June 1967
 • Type Sangguniang Panlalawigan
 • Governor Maria Angelica Rosedell Amante-Matba (Liberal)
 • Vice Governor Ramon AG Bungabong (Liberal)
 • Total 2,730.24 km2 (1,054.15 sq mi)
Area rank 48th out of 81
  (excluding Butuan City)
Population (2010 census)[2]
 • Total 332,487
 • Rank 63rd out of 81
 • Density 120/km2 (320/sq mi)
 • Density rank 63rd out of 81
  (excluding Butuan City)
 • Independent cities
 • Component cities
 • Municipalities
 • Barangays 166
including independent cities: 252
 • Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Agusan del Norte (shared with Butuan City)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 8600–8611
IDD : area code +63 (0)85
ISO 3166 code PH-AGN
Spoken languages
Website www.agusandelnorte.gov.ph
‡ As per RA 8811, Cabadbaran is the officially-designated capital of the province. However, the provincial government still holds office in Butuan City, pending the actual transfer of provincial offices to the new capital.

Agusan del Norte (Butuanon: Probinsya hong Agusan del Norte; Cebuano: Amihanang Agusan; Filipino: Hilagang Agusan) is a province in the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. Its capital is the city of Cabadbaran and it borders Surigao del Norte to the north, Surigao del Sur to the east, Agusan del Sur to the south, and Misamis Oriental to the west. It faces Butuan Bay, part of the Bohol Sea, to the northwest.


Spanish and American era[edit]

Further information: Agusan (province)
Map of Agusan province in 1918

Prior to its creation as an independent province, Agusan, as it was once undivided, was under the jurisdiction of Surigao province during the Spanish colonial period. In 1911, Agusan was separated from Surigao by the American government, creating the Agusan province.[3]

World War II[edit]

During World War II in 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces landed in Northern Agusan.[further explanation needed]

In 1945, Filipino soldiers of the 6th, 10th, 101st, 102nd, 103rd, 107th and 110th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and the 10th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary together with the recognized Agusan guerrilla fighter units against the Japanese forces beginning the liberation in Northern Agusan during World War II.[further explanation needed]

During the war, a unit of the joint Philippine-American defense force were located at Manot, Talacogon, in the interior of the Agusan Valley.


In 1967, Republic Act 4979 divided Agusan into two independent provinces: Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur.[4]

On August 16, 2000, the seat of provincial government was transferred from Butuan City to Cabadbaran through Republic Act 8811,[5] although the province is yet to complete the transfer of provincial services and functions to the new capital.



Located in the northeastern section of Mindanao, the province is bounded on the north by Butuan Bay and Surigao del Norte; east by Surigao del Sur; west by Misamis Oriental; and south and southeast by Agusan del Sur. Agusan del Norte occupies a total land area of 2,730.24 square kilometres (1,054.15 sq mi). When Butuan City is included for geographical purposes, the province's land area is 3,546.86 square kilometres (1,369.45 sq mi).[1]

Landscape in Tubay

The central portion of the province forms the lower basin of the third longest river in the country, the Agusan, its mouth located at the Butuan Bay. Consequently, the terrain surrounding the river features flat to rolling lands. Mountainous terrain dominate the northeastern and western areas.[3]

The country's fourth largest lake, Lake Mainit is situated at the northern border between the province of Surigao del Norte.[6]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Agusan del Norte comprises 10 municipalities and 1 component city.

The city of Cabadbaran is the officially-designated capital of the province per Republic Act 8811.[5] The highly urbanized city of Butuan is geographically within but administratively independent from the province.

  •  †  Provincial capital and component city
  •      Municipality
  •  ‡  Highly urbanized city (geographically within but independent from the province)


Population census
of Agusan del Norte
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 237,629 —    
1995 267,411 +2.24%
2000 285,570 +1.42%
2007 314,027 +1.32%
2010 332,487 +2.10%
(excluding Butuan City)
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

The population of Agusan del Norte (excluding Butuan City) was 314,027 at the 2007 census, and 332,487 in the 2010 census, making it the country's 63rd most populous province. The population density is 120 inhabitants per square kilometre (310/sq mi).

When Butuan City is included for geographical purposes, the province's population is 642,196 people, with a density of 181 inhabitants per square kilometre (470/sq mi).


In 2013, the Diocese of Butuan (Catholic-Hierarchy) reported that Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion of the province comprising roughly 79% of the population.[citation needed] The remaining beliefs usually belong to other Christian denominations as well as Islam.


The economy of the province is dominantly agricultural, major crops of which include rice, corn, coconut, abaca, banana and mango.[9]


The province has many beaches in Cabadbaran and the towns of Carmen, Buenavista, and Nasipit. Mount Hilong-Hilong, one of the tallest in the province, is located in Cabadbaran.

From the top of Prayer Mountain (Mount Pongkay), visitors can have a panoramic view of Cabadbaran which includes buildings, churches, rivers, and the sea. The Agusan River, the longest in Mindanao and the third longest in the Philippines, is in Butuan City. Looming southwest of the Agusan Valley is Mount Mayapay, a mountain plateau. The ancient Balangay boats were found in Butuan, excavated in the Balangay Shrine across the Masao River from Bood Promontory. They played a major role because of Butuan being a port city. Since its discovery, the Balangays have become an icon of Butuan. The Kaya ng Pinoy, Inc. recreated the Balangay boats and have sailed it as part of their project, the Balangay Voyage.


  1. ^ a b "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; cartography by de Guzman, Rey (1995). "The Provinces; Agusan del Norte". Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines: Tahanan Books. p. 18. ISBN 971-630-037-9. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  4. ^ "Republic Act No. 4979; An Act Creating the Provinces of Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur". The LawPhil Project. 17 June 1967. Retrieved 4 December 2015. Section 1. The Province of Agusan is hereby divided into two provinces, to be known as Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur. 
  5. ^ a b "Republic Act No. 8811; An Act Transferring the Capital and Seat of Government of the Province of Agusan del Norte from Butuan City to the Municipality of Cabadbaran, Agusan del Norte" (PDF). Congress of the Philippines (official website). Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  6. ^ Catoto, Roel (2 October 2014). "Caraga lawmakers push for Lake Mainit Development Authority". MindaNews. Retrieved 22 April 2016. Lake Mainit, the fourth largest lake in the country, occupies an area of 17,060 hectare and straddles the provinces of Agusan del Norte and Surigao del Norte. 
  7. ^ a b "Province: Agusan del Norte". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010 (Caraga)" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "Agricultural Crops". Official Web Site of Agusan del Norte. Retrieved 18 March 2016. Major agricultural crops in Agusan del Norte are rice, corn, coconut, abaca, banana and mango. The province also produces cassava, durian, pineapple, coffee, vegetables and root crops. The three highest producing crops are coconut, banana and rice with corresponding production of 75,184.35 MT, 43,924.92 MT and 26,151.81 MT, respectively. 

External links[edit]

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