Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures. Agrarian reform can include credit measures, training, extension, land consolidations, etc. The World Bank evaluates agrarian reform using five dimensions: (1) price and market liberalization, (2) land reform (including the development of land markets), (3) agro-processing and input supply channels, (4) rural finance, (5) market institutions.
Ben Cousins defines the difference between agrarian reform and land reform as follows:
Land reform… is concerned with rights in land, and their character, strength and distribution, while… [agrarian reform] focuses not only on these but also a broader set of issues: the class character of the relations of production and distribution in farming and related enterprises, and how these connect to the wider class structure. It is thus concerned economic and political power and the relations between them…
Along similar lines, a 2003 World Bank report states,
…A key precondition for land reform to be feasible and effective in improving beneficiaries' livelihoods is that such programs fit into a broader policy aimed at reducing poverty and establishing a favourable environment for the development of productive smallholder agriculture by beneficiaries.
Examples of other issues include "tenure security" for "farm workers, labour tenants, … farm dwellers… [and] tenant peasants", which makes these workers and tenants better prospects for receiving private-sector loans; "infrastructure and support services"; government support of "forms of rural enterprise" that are "complementary" to agriculture; and increased community participation in government decisions in rural areas.
- ^ Csaba Csaki and John Nash, The Agrarian Economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, World Bank Discussion Paper 387, Washington, DC, 1998.
- ^ Ben Cousins, Agrarian reform and the 'two economies': transforming South Africa's countryside, draft of Chapter 9 in Ruth Hall and Lungisile Ntsebeza, eds., The Land Question in South Africa: The Challenge of Transformation and Redistribution, HSRC Press, Cape Town, South Africa (2007).
- ^ World Bank, Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction, World Bank and Oxford University Press, 2003. Quoted in Cousins, op. cit., p. 11.
- ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.4–5, 7, 10–11
- ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.12
- ^ a b Cousins, op. cit., p.14
Let's Make Agrarian Reform Go Viral
Produced by Focus on the Global South.
THE PRACTICE with Atty Sara Jane Suguitan Topic: Agrarian Reform Guest : Atty. Christian Monsod.
agrarian reform project
this is a project made by a group of students in ateneo de naga university. this movie does not intend to offend anyone. this are shared opinions of the stud...
Ilang magsasaka, nanawagang maisabatas na ang Genuine Agrarian Reform Bill
Balitanghali is the daily noontime newscast of GMA News TV anchored by Raffy Tima and Pia Arcangel. It airs Mondays to Fridays at 11:30 AM (PHL Time). For mo...
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This AVP is a program of the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) highlighting the importance of agrarian reform in addressing food security, economic stabili...
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Farmer-beneficiaries of Hacienda Luisita march from Tarlac to Manila to press for the immediate distribution of Hacienda Luisita land, as ordered by the Supr...
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For the farmers! Like: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Promote-Agrarian-Reform-in-the-Philippines/195755373818818 -Benavidez, Bondoc, Leo. Sakaki, Tanimura, T...
Agrarian Reform Program (Tagsa, Labunog, Buslon, Lecias' Group)
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 05:56:15 -0700
CAGAYAN DE ORO CITY, Philippines – Hundreds of farmers from Misamis Oriental and Bukidnon are pressing for the passage in Congress of the Genuine Agrarian Reform Bill (GARB), saying it would be the only way to free them from poverty and debts.
Wed, 15 Oct 2014 04:57:09 -0700
THE Department of Budget and Management (DBM) announced on Wednesday it has released P2.32 billion purportedly for the “speedy implementation of the agrarian-reform program to the remaining farmer-beneficiaries.” Budget Secretary Florencio B.
Manila Standard Today
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 09:18:45 -0700
MANILA - The Department of Budget and Management (DBM) has released P2.1 billion to the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) to pay for bridging materials and services to be used in the Tulay ng Pangulo para sa Kaunlarang Pang-Agraryo (TPKP) ...
Thu, 25 Sep 2014 06:22:35 -0700
CITY OF SAN FERNANDO -- The Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) Central Luzon Office distributed on Tuesday 111 certificates of land ownership awards (CLOA), covering 90 hectares of agricultural lands, to 103 agrarian reform beneficiaries (ARBs) in ...
Visayan Daily Star
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 20:11:15 -0700
Eight agrarian reform beneficiaries' organizations received tractors complete with accessories from the Department of Agrarian Reform under the Agrarian Reform Cooperative Connectivity and Support Services Program during a turnover ceremony at the ...
Wed, 01 Oct 2014 00:24:39 -0700
More than two years after the landmark decision, the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) disqualified Sibayan and 124 other farm workers as beneficiaries of the land reform program. In a decision signed by Assistant Secretary Dennis Barrantes dated ...
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 07:02:35 -0700
The TPKP unibridges will connect agrarian reform communities and the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP)-covered areas and road networks to main markets nationwide under DAR's Program Beneficiaries Development (PBD) support ...
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 15:52:30 -0700
Born in Naga City on October 26, 1941, Roco was first elected to the House of Representatives from 1987 to 1992, providing the legal basis for the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program. From the House, he moved to the Senate where he authored ...
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