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Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures. Agrarian reform can include credit measures, training, extension, land consolidations, etc. The World Bank evaluates agrarian reform using five dimensions: (1) price and market liberalization, (2) land reform (including the development of land markets), (3) agro-processing and input supply channels, (4) rural finance, (5) market institutions.[1]

Ben Cousins defines the difference between agrarian reform and land reform as follows:

Land reform… is concerned with rights in land, and their character, strength and distribution, while… [agrarian reform] focuses not only on these but also a broader set of issues: the class character of the relations of production and distribution in farming and related enterprises, and how these connect to the wider class structure. It is thus concerned economic and political power and the relations between them…[2]

Along similar lines, a 2003 World Bank report states,

…A key precondition for land reform to be feasible and effective in improving beneficiaries' livelihoods is that such programs fit into a broader policy aimed at reducing poverty and establishing a favourable environment for the development of productive smallholder agriculture by beneficiaries.[3]

Examples of other issues include "tenure security" for "farm workers, labour tenants, … farm dwellers… [and] tenant peasants", which makes these workers and tenants better prospects for receiving private-sector loans;[4] "infrastructure and support services";[5] government support of "forms of rural enterprise" that are "complementary" to agriculture;[6] and increased community participation in government decisions in rural areas.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Csaba Csaki and John Nash, The Agrarian Economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, World Bank Discussion Paper 387, Washington, DC, 1998.
  2. ^ Ben Cousins, Agrarian reform and the 'two economies': transforming South Africa's countryside, draft of Chapter 9 in Ruth Hall and Lungisile Ntsebeza, eds., The Land Question in South Africa: The Challenge of Transformation and Redistribution, HSRC Press, Cape Town, South Africa (2007).
  3. ^ World Bank, Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction, World Bank and Oxford University Press, 2003. Quoted in Cousins, op. cit., p. 11.
  4. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.4–5, 7, 10–11
  5. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.12
  6. ^ a b Cousins, op. cit., p.14

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrarian_reform — Please support Wikipedia.
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Philippine Information Agency

Philippine Information Agency
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 09:07:30 -0700

CITY OF SAN FERNANDO, Pampanga, September 3 (PIA) -- Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) has signed a partnership agreement with Tarlac College of Agriculture (TCA) and Tarlac State University (TSU) to train around 1,240 agrarian reform ...
 
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Mon, 25 Aug 2014 07:26:15 -0700

Lanao del Norte Provincial Agrarian Reform Program Officer Alibasa Andig said with the CPWASH project, members of the Macatin-ao ARC can now enjoy clean and safe drinking water. The Macatin-ao ARC is composed of farmers in Barangay Maliwanag, ...
 
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Mon, 04 Aug 2014 23:11:15 -0700

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Philippine Information Agency

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Sun, 24 Aug 2014 01:48:45 -0700

The Provincial Information Office (PIO) said the ARCCESS is a joint project between DAR and the provincial government which seeks to strengthen the Agrarian Reform Beneficiary (ARB) Organizations by building support service in the community.

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Tue, 02 Sep 2014 15:30:00 -0700

BAGUIO CITY—The race has begun to pass a measure extending the authority of the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) to subpoena landowners and secure lands meant for agrarian reform, the chair of the House committee on agrarian reform said here ...

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Thu, 07 Aug 2014 04:03:45 -0700

AGRARIAN REFORM. With time ticking for agrarian reform, can the DAR make do with its significantly reduced 2015 budget? Photo by Pia Ranada/Rappler. MANILA, Philippines – Contradicting agrarian reform advocates, Agrarian Reform Secretary Virgilio ...

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Sun, 10 Aug 2014 09:07:30 -0700

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Ms. Calle's "Perimeters" are delicate multipart "drawings," also of Ceiba trees, assembled from illegible typewritten texts that tell of the fates of those affected by so-called agrarian reform laws. As the locus for the first tests of the atomic bomb ...
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