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Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures. Agrarian reform can include credit measures, training, extension, land consolidations, etc. The World Bank evaluates agrarian reform using five dimensions: (1) price and market liberalization, (2) land reform (including the development of land markets), (3) agro-processing and input supply channels, (4) rural finance, (5) market institutions.[1]

Ben Cousins defines the difference between agrarian reform and land reform as follows:

Land reform… is concerned with rights in land, and their character, strength and distribution, while… [agrarian reform] focuses not only on these but also a broader set of issues: the class character of the relations of production and distribution in farming and related enterprises, and how these connect to the wider class structure. It is thus concerned economic and political power and the relations between them…[2]

Along similar lines, a 2003 World Bank report states,

…A key precondition for land reform to be feasible and effective in improving beneficiaries' livelihoods is that such programs fit into a broader policy aimed at reducing poverty and establishing a favourable environment for the development of productive smallholder agriculture by beneficiaries.[3]

Examples of other issues include "tenure security" for "farm workers, labour tenants, … farm dwellers… [and] tenant peasants", which makes these workers and tenants better prospects for receiving private-sector loans;[4] "infrastructure and support services";[5] government support of "forms of rural enterprise" that are "complementary" to agriculture;[6] and increased community participation in government decisions in rural areas.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Csaba Csaki and John Nash, The Agrarian Economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, World Bank Discussion Paper 387, Washington, DC, 1998.
  2. ^ Ben Cousins, Agrarian reform and the 'two economies': transforming South Africa's countryside, draft of Chapter 9 in Ruth Hall and Lungisile Ntsebeza, eds., The Land Question in South Africa: The Challenge of Transformation and Redistribution, HSRC Press, Cape Town, South Africa (2007).
  3. ^ World Bank, Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction, World Bank and Oxford University Press, 2003. Quoted in Cousins, op. cit., p. 11.
  4. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.4–5, 7, 10–11
  5. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.12
  6. ^ a b Cousins, op. cit., p.14

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrarian_reform — Please support Wikipedia.
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Mon, 04 Aug 2014 23:11:15 -0700

The Philippine agrarian reform land acquisition program expired on June 30. The agrarian reform law, known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP), was a sham. Passed in 1988 under President Corazon Aquino, the mother of current ...

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AGRARIAN REFORM. With time ticking for agrarian reform, can the DAR make do with its significantly reduced 2015 budget? Photo by Pia Ranada/Rappler. MANILA, Philippines – Contradicting agrarian reform advocates, Agrarian Reform Secretary Virgilio ...
 
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Sun, 03 Aug 2014 04:59:26 -0700

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Wed, 23 Jul 2014 23:56:15 -0700

DAVAO CITY, July 24 – More than 250 hectares will be planted to cacao in selected Agrarian Reform Communities (ARCs) in Davao City after seven agrarian reform beneficiary organizations inked a ten-year Cacao Production and Purchase Agreement with ...
 
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Wed, 30 Jul 2014 08:01:43 -0700

DAR is celebrating the 26th anniversary of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) and the regional office has already distributed 3,763 hectares of landholding regionwide for the first semester. The biggest bulk came from the province of ...

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Fri, 01 Aug 2014 05:08:41 -0700

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Fri, 15 Aug 2014 01:48:45 -0700

TANDAG CITY, Surigao del Sur, August 15 (PIA) – The Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) Provincial Office of Surigao del Sur will spearhead a week-long training on Basic Accounting for Non-Accountants to the 22 assisted cooperatives of the province on ...

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Tue, 12 Aug 2014 09:18:45 -0700

The destruction caused by Yolanda surfaced the urgent need to address policies on land use and agrarian reform that might impact planned relocation and livelihoods initiatives. Yolanda– known internationally as Haiyan – was the strongest typhoon ever ...
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