Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures. Agrarian reform can include credit measures, training, extension, land consolidations, etc. The World Bank evaluates agrarian reform using five dimensions: (1) price and market liberalization, (2) land reform (including the development of land markets), (3) agro-processing and input supply channels, (4) rural finance, (5) market institutions.
Ben Cousins defines the difference between agrarian reform and land reform as follows:
Land reform… is concerned with rights in land, and their character, strength and distribution, while… [agrarian reform] focuses not only on these but also a broader set of issues: the class character of the relations of production and distribution in farming and related enterprises, and how these connect to the wider class structure. It is thus concerned economic and political power and the relations between them…
Along similar lines, a 2003 World Bank report states,
…A key precondition for land reform to be feasible and effective in improving beneficiaries' livelihoods is that such programs fit into a broader policy aimed at reducing poverty and establishing a favourable environment for the development of productive smallholder agriculture by beneficiaries.
Examples of other issues include "tenure security" for "farm workers, labour tenants, … farm dwellers… [and] tenant peasants", which makes these workers and tenants better prospects for receiving private-sector loans; "infrastructure and support services"; government support of "forms of rural enterprise" that are "complementary" to agriculture; and increased community participation in government decisions in rural areas.
- ^ Csaba Csaki and John Nash, The Agrarian Economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, World Bank Discussion Paper 387, Washington, DC, 1998.
- ^ Ben Cousins, Agrarian reform and the 'two economies': transforming South Africa's countryside, draft of Chapter 9 in Ruth Hall and Lungisile Ntsebeza, eds., The Land Question in South Africa: The Challenge of Transformation and Redistribution, HSRC Press, Cape Town, South Africa (2007).
- ^ World Bank, Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction, World Bank and Oxford University Press, 2003. Quoted in Cousins, op. cit., p. 11.
- ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.4–5, 7, 10–11
- ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.12
- ^ a b Cousins, op. cit., p.14
Let's Make Agrarian Reform Go Viral
Produced by Focus on the Global South.
THE PRACTICE with Atty Sara Jane Suguitan Topic: Agrarian Reform Guest : Atty. Christian Monsod.
a documentary on the comprehensive agrarian reform program (CARP) in the philippines.
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Fri, 17 Apr 2015 08:45:00 -0700
Dela Rosa said that a more radical faction is demanding an end to the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program or CARP and is pushing for the passage of the genuine agrarian reform bill or GARB. However, he did not give GARB's features any space in his ...
Manila Standard Today
Manila Standard Today
Mon, 06 Apr 2015 09:18:45 -0700
In recent months a number of bills have been filed in the two houses of Congress seeking an extension of the government's agrarian reform program. The administration of President Corazon Aquino had obtained Congressional approval for a 20-year ...
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 02:22:30 -0700
While it is true that the Philippines' agrarian reform program has loopholes that have been creating problems for the law's implementation, the program has also paved the way to reverse the plight of some farmers. Although stories of farmer ...
BusinessWorld Online Edition
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 08:13:53 -0700
The initial complaint against Mr. Pagdanganan and three other members of the now-defunct Presidential Agrarian Reform Council (PARC) were lodged before the Ombudsman in July 15, 2004, but was only affirmed by state probers and duly filed before the ...
Fri, 17 Apr 2015 23:53:00 -0700
DEPARTMENT of Agrarian Reform (DAR) Secretary Virgilio de los Reyes said the distribution of lands covered by a notice of coverage (NOC) under the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (Carp) will continue, adding that up to 130,000 hectares of ...
Sat, 28 Mar 2015 10:26:15 -0700
The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) is in the news again. Various efforts are being waged by the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines and civil society organizations, like Task Force Mapalad and the Rural Poor Institute for Land ...
Thu, 02 Apr 2015 04:50:58 -0700
He said he respected the government for giving access and opportunities to the people but dismissed the idea that it was full-on agrarian reform. "It's not agrarian reform if land in Kalimantan is given to people from Java," he said. "Reform is when ...
Fri, 17 Apr 2015 10:27:29 -0700
In the 1970s, agrarian reform legislation - won through the struggles of powerful campesino organizations - distributed land in the Aguan to landless workers, establishing the first peasant cooperatives and expanding the agricultural frontier. It was ...
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