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Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures. Agrarian reform can include credit measures, training, extension, land consolidations, etc. The World Bank evaluates agrarian reform using five dimensions: (1) price and market liberalization, (2) land reform (including the development of land markets), (3) agro-processing and input supply channels, (4) rural finance, (5) market institutions.[1]

Ben Cousins defines the difference between agrarian reform and land reform as follows:

Land reform… is concerned with rights in land, and their character, strength and distribution, while… [agrarian reform] focuses not only on these but also a broader set of issues: the class character of the relations of production and distribution in farming and related enterprises, and how these connect to the wider class structure. It is thus concerned economic and political power and the relations between them…[2]

Along similar lines, a 2003 World Bank report states,

…A key precondition for land reform to be feasible and effective in improving beneficiaries' livelihoods is that such programs fit into a broader policy aimed at reducing poverty and establishing a favourable environment for the development of productive smallholder agriculture by beneficiaries.[3]

Examples of other issues include "tenure security" for "farm workers, labour tenants, … farm dwellers… [and] tenant peasants", which makes these workers and tenants better prospects for receiving private-sector loans;[4] "infrastructure and support services";[5] government support of "forms of rural enterprise" that are "complementary" to agriculture;[6] and increased community participation in government decisions in rural areas.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Csaba Csaki and John Nash, The Agrarian Economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, World Bank Discussion Paper 387, Washington, DC, 1998.
  2. ^ Ben Cousins, Agrarian reform and the 'two economies': transforming South Africa's countryside, draft of Chapter 9 in Ruth Hall and Lungisile Ntsebeza, eds., The Land Question in South Africa: The Challenge of Transformation and Redistribution, HSRC Press, Cape Town, South Africa (2007).
  3. ^ World Bank, Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction, World Bank and Oxford University Press, 2003. Quoted in Cousins, op. cit., p. 11.
  4. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.4–5, 7, 10–11
  5. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.12
  6. ^ a b Cousins, op. cit., p.14

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrarian_reform — Please support Wikipedia.
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The Manila Times
Mon, 25 May 2015 07:55:16 -0700

YESTERDAY, some 500 peasants from key farming areas in Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao converged at the Department of Agrarian Reform central office in Quezon City to kick off a 17-day peasants' march for the completion and overhaul of the CARP.


Sun, 24 May 2015 08:33:45 -0700

MARAWI CITY. Department of Agrarian Reform Undersecretary Herman Z. Ongkiko stresses the importance of participatory planning process to arrive at a Agrarian Reform Community development plan that will be the basis for assistance from DAR-Asian ...
Philippine Information Agency
Thu, 21 May 2015 21:30:00 -0700

To officially get the commitments of stakeholders, a symbolic manifesto of support for the implementation of agrarian reform and sustainable development in this province was signed by all the heads of agencies and municipalities who were around ...

Center for Research on Globalization

Center for Research on Globalization
Thu, 30 Apr 2015 02:11:15 -0700

Already, just six percent of Asia's farm owners hold around 66% of its farmland: the continent is undergoing an agrarian reform in reverse. In a new review of law reforms across the continent, GRAIN finds that in the last decade, legislative changes ...

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Tue, 28 Apr 2015 22:03:45 -0700

COTABATO CITY, Philippines — The Department of Agrarian Reform in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (DAR-ARMM) started consulting peasant groups on essential interventions in support of the normalization component of Malacañang's ...


Wed, 27 May 2015 21:52:30 -0700

The farmers, who came from different parts of the country, were protesting the efforts of some legislators "to dilute the social justice goals of the agrarian reform program". Gariguez said security officers at Congress "employed a violent method to ...
Philippine Information Agency
Wed, 27 May 2015 21:07:30 -0700

Meanwhile, Engr. Nestor I. Villanueva, chief agrarian reform program Officer for Program Beneficiaries Development Division urged the beneficiaries to use the equipment properly and efficiently to increase production and thereby increasing the income of ...
Philippine Information Agency
Mon, 25 May 2015 19:01:39 -0700

BUTUAN CITY, May 26 (PIA) -- A total of 59 agrarian reform beneficiary (ARB) organizations will avail loan assistance through the joint agrarian production credit program (APCP) of the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR), Department of Agriculture (DA), ...

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