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Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures. Agrarian reform can include credit measures, training, extension, land consolidations, etc. The World Bank evaluates agrarian reform using five dimensions: (1) price and market liberalization, (2) land reform (including the development of land markets), (3) agro-processing and input supply channels, (4) rural finance, (5) market institutions.[1]

Ben Cousins defines the difference between agrarian reform and land reform as follows:

Land reform… is concerned with rights in land, and their character, strength and distribution, while… [agrarian reform] focuses not only on these but also a broader set of issues: the class character of the relations of production and distribution in farming and related enterprises, and how these connect to the wider class structure. It is thus concerned economic and political power and the relations between them…[2]

Along similar lines, a 2003 World Bank report states,

…A key precondition for land reform to be feasible and effective in improving beneficiaries' livelihoods is that such programs fit into a broader policy aimed at reducing poverty and establishing a favourable environment for the development of productive smallholder agriculture by beneficiaries.[3]

Examples of other issues include "tenure security" for "farm workers, labour tenants, … farm dwellers… [and] tenant peasants", which makes these workers and tenants better prospects for receiving private-sector loans;[4] "infrastructure and support services";[5] government support of "forms of rural enterprise" that are "complementary" to agriculture;[6] and increased community participation in government decisions in rural areas.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Csaba Csaki and John Nash, The Agrarian Economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, World Bank Discussion Paper 387, Washington, DC, 1998.
  2. ^ Ben Cousins, Agrarian reform and the 'two economies': transforming South Africa's countryside, draft of Chapter 9 in Ruth Hall and Lungisile Ntsebeza, eds., The Land Question in South Africa: The Challenge of Transformation and Redistribution, HSRC Press, Cape Town, South Africa (2007).
  3. ^ World Bank, Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction, World Bank and Oxford University Press, 2003. Quoted in Cousins, op. cit., p. 11.
  4. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.4–5, 7, 10–11
  5. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.12
  6. ^ a b Cousins, op. cit., p.14

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrarian_reform — Please support Wikipedia.
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8348 news items

Rappler

Rappler
Mon, 27 Jul 2015 18:30:16 -0700

He also praised Agrarian Reform Secretary Virgilio delos Reyes for doing his job despite its complexity. The Department of Agriculture's Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources was also lauded for quick action that led to the Philippines' removal ...
 
Business Standard
Sun, 12 Jul 2015 12:07:30 -0700

"It is the one key touchstone that India's performance will be judged by." So began Arun Jaitley, the finance minister, at the inauguration of the Foundation Day Seminar on mitigating of the agrarian distress and enhancing farm incomes, organised by ...
 
Philippine Information Agency
Mon, 27 Jul 2015 19:37:30 -0700

Capalayan, this city. RICPROCO is an assisted agrarian reform beneficiary organization of DAR-SDN. The ARB (Agrarian Reform Beneficiary) marketing center is worth P1,800,000.00 of which P1,500,000.00 came from the Bottom-up Budgeting/Grassroots ...
 
Philippine Information Agency
Tue, 28 Jul 2015 21:18:45 -0700

PROSPERIDAD, Agusan del Sur, July 29 (PIA) - Some 43 agrarian reform beneficiaries (ARBs) and four non-ARBs were lucky enough to acquire knowledge on how to effectively conduct meetings and efficiently take down the minutes of meetings by the ...

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Thu, 30 Jul 2015 09:07:30 -0700

The Department of Agrarian Reform's budget stood at P4.5 billion for the acquisition and distribution of covered lands to beneficiaries. DBM data also showed the government plans to continue supporting the manufacturing sector next year with P10.6 ...
 
Inquirer.net
Thu, 30 Jul 2015 09:30:00 -0700

... omitted mention of some of his earlier promises, including the completion of the redistribution of land from the 4,000-hectare Hacienda Luisita owned by the Cojuangco-Aquino clan in Tarlac to its farmers under the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law.

InterAksyon

InterAksyon
Thu, 30 Jul 2015 05:22:30 -0700

With the Department of Agrarian Reform, they needed to transfer people to the departments of Health and Justice. That's why we needed to move the PS requirements of the affected personnel in DAR to the two other agencies in the 2015 GAA,” Budget ...

GMA News

GMA News
Sun, 26 Jul 2015 20:01:31 -0700

“Part of the problem is also the agrarian reform – the uncertainty. If you are a landowner, hindi mo alam kung iyong lupa mo is going to be covered by the agrarian reform... So, you don't want to invest in irrigation, improvement ng land kasi baka sayang.
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