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Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures. Agrarian reform can include credit measures, training, extension, land consolidations, etc. The World Bank evaluates agrarian reform using five dimensions: (1) price and market liberalization, (2) land reform (including the development of land markets), (3) agro-processing and input supply channels, (4) rural finance, (5) market institutions.[1]

Ben Cousins defines the difference between agrarian reform and land reform as follows:

Land reform… is concerned with rights in land, and their character, strength and distribution, while… [agrarian reform] focuses not only on these but also a broader set of issues: the class character of the relations of production and distribution in farming and related enterprises, and how these connect to the wider class structure. It is thus concerned economic and political power and the relations between them…[2]

Along similar lines, a 2003 World Bank report states,

…A key precondition for land reform to be feasible and effective in improving beneficiaries' livelihoods is that such programs fit into a broader policy aimed at reducing poverty and establishing a favourable environment for the development of productive smallholder agriculture by beneficiaries.[3]

Examples of other issues include "tenure security" for "farm workers, labour tenants, … farm dwellers… [and] tenant peasants", which makes these workers and tenants better prospects for receiving private-sector loans;[4] "infrastructure and support services";[5] government support of "forms of rural enterprise" that are "complementary" to agriculture;[6] and increased community participation in government decisions in rural areas.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Csaba Csaki and John Nash, The Agrarian Economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, World Bank Discussion Paper 387, Washington, DC, 1998.
  2. ^ Ben Cousins, Agrarian reform and the 'two economies': transforming South Africa's countryside, draft of Chapter 9 in Ruth Hall and Lungisile Ntsebeza, eds., The Land Question in South Africa: The Challenge of Transformation and Redistribution, HSRC Press, Cape Town, South Africa (2007).
  3. ^ World Bank, Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction, World Bank and Oxford University Press, 2003. Quoted in Cousins, op. cit., p. 11.
  4. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.4–5, 7, 10–11
  5. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.12
  6. ^ a b Cousins, op. cit., p.14

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrarian_reform — Please support Wikipedia.
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7421 news items

teleSUR English

teleSUR English
Wed, 17 Jun 2015 17:22:30 -0700

This initiative does not contribute to promore an equal distribution of land, said President of Fensuagro (the national federation of peasant unions) and Summit participant Eberto Diaz Montes, calling the bill a “counter-agrarian reform.” “This is a ...
 
Sun.Star
Thu, 11 Jun 2015 20:54:18 -0700

It was supposed to pave the way for agrarian reform. But Udarbe said CARP was anti-peasant and strengthens the big landlords' monopoly and control over vast agricultural lands. When CARP expired in June last year, Congress decided to pass a bill to ...

Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism

Philippine Information Agency
Wed, 10 Jun 2015 17:56:15 -0700

MARAWI CITY, Lanao del Sur, June 11 (PIA) -- The Department of Agrarian Reform in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (DAR-ARMM) will be distributing approximately P20-million worth of common service facilities to Agrarian Reform ...

Sudan Vision

Sudan Vision
Sun, 05 Jul 2015 14:33:45 -0700

Khartoum - Minister of Agriculture and Forestry Prof. Ibrahim Al-Dukhairi emphasized the need to complete agrarian reform and the application of NEPAD principles for achieving growth and comprehensive development, during the consultative meeting ...

InterAksyon

InterAksyon
Sat, 04 Jul 2015 18:18:45 -0700

The farmers are members of the Kilusang Magbubukid ng Bondoc Peninsula (KMBP) and beneficiaries of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP). Last December, President Benigno Aquino III released a final decision saying the land was ...
 
Prensa Latina
Thu, 25 Jun 2015 21:52:30 -0700

Imagen activa 26 de junio de 2015, 00:40Brasilia, Jun 26 (Prensa Latina) The National Agrarian Reform Plan which establishes the delivery of 12.2 million hectares of Federal lands, will be presented in 30 days, confirmed the Minister of Agrarian ...
 
GMA News
Mon, 29 Jun 2015 06:47:27 -0700

Provincial Agrarian Reform Officer Renato Badilla told GMA News Online this week that farmers and Potenciano and Aniceta Larrazabal Enterprises Corp. (PALEC), which controls the 35.5 hectares of sugarcane covered by the agrarian reform program and ...

Rappler

Rappler
Wed, 10 Jun 2015 21:11:09 -0700

Government efforts to do so culminated on May 15 when an army of police men, representatives from the Departments of Agrarian Reform (DAR), National Defense, and Social Welfare and Development; National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC); and ...
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