Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures. Agrarian reform can include credit measures, training, extension, land consolidations, etc. The World Bank evaluates agrarian reform using five dimensions: (1) price and market liberalization, (2) land reform (including the development of land markets), (3) agro-processing and input supply channels, (4) rural finance, (5) market institutions.
Ben Cousins defines the difference between agrarian reform and land reform as follows:
Land reform… is concerned with rights in land, and their character, strength and distribution, while… [agrarian reform] focuses not only on these but also a broader set of issues: the class character of the relations of production and distribution in farming and related enterprises, and how these connect to the wider class structure. It is thus concerned economic and political power and the relations between them…
Along similar lines, a 2003 World Bank report states,
…A key precondition for land reform to be feasible and effective in improving beneficiaries' livelihoods is that such programs fit into a broader policy aimed at reducing poverty and establishing a favourable environment for the development of productive smallholder agriculture by beneficiaries.
Examples of other issues include "tenure security" for "farm workers, labour tenants, … farm dwellers… [and] tenant peasants", which makes these workers and tenants better prospects for receiving private-sector loans; "infrastructure and support services"; government support of "forms of rural enterprise" that are "complementary" to agriculture; and increased community participation in government decisions in rural areas.
- ^ Csaba Csaki and John Nash, The Agrarian Economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, World Bank Discussion Paper 387, Washington, DC, 1998.
- ^ Ben Cousins, Agrarian reform and the 'two economies': transforming South Africa's countryside, draft of Chapter 9 in Ruth Hall and Lungisile Ntsebeza, eds., The Land Question in South Africa: The Challenge of Transformation and Redistribution, HSRC Press, Cape Town, South Africa (2007).
- ^ World Bank, Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction, World Bank and Oxford University Press, 2003. Quoted in Cousins, op. cit., p. 11.
- ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.4–5, 7, 10–11
- ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.12
- ^ a b Cousins, op. cit., p.14
Let's Make Agrarian Reform Go Viral
Produced by Focus on the Global South.
THE PRACTICE with Atty Sara Jane Suguitan Topic: Agrarian Reform Guest : Atty. Christian Monsod.
a documentary on the comprehensive agrarian reform program (CARP) in the philippines.
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Department of Agrarian Reform Poverty Reduction Video Presentation
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For the farmers! Like: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Promote-Agrarian-Reform-in-the-Philippines/195755373818818 -Benavidez, Bondoc, Leo. Sakaki, Tanimura, Tayag.
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DAR - Pampanga AVP of Most Progressive ARC awardee -- San Luis Agrarian Reform Community (7:05 min)
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Nag-inspekyon ang Department of Agrarian reform sa tinaguriang 'Hacienda Binay' sa Rosario, Batangas. Ito'y para alamin kung may naging paglabag sa Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law.
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Farmer-beneficiaries of Hacienda Luisita march from Tarlac to Manila to press for the immediate distribution of Hacienda Luisita land, as ordered by the Supreme Court. This video shows the...
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 02:22:30 -0700
While it is true that the Philippines' agrarian reform program has loopholes that have been creating problems for the law's implementation, the program has also paved the way to reverse the plight of some farmers. Although stories of farmer ...
BusinessWorld Online Edition
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 08:11:15 -0700
The initial complaint against Mr. Pagdanganan and three other members of the now-defunct Presidential Agrarian Reform Council (PARC) were lodged before the Ombudsman in July 15, 2004, but was only affirmed by state probers and duly filed before the ...
BusinessWorld Online Edition
Wed, 11 Mar 2015 07:47:36 -0700
THE PHILIPPINE government can still act on petitions that seek to place landholdings under agrarian reform if these processes were already pending when the land reform law expired on June 30 last year.
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 03:15:50 -0800
HB 4296 seeks to renew the Department of Agrarian Reform's authority to issue notices of coverage and provide funding for support services to agricultural landholdings that had not yet been placed under CARP while HB 4375 seeks to create an independent ...
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 08:05:33 -0800
“Agrarian reform in the Philippines has failed because it has never been tried.” This is true where government did not give the necessary support services mandated by law to Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries (ARBs). But where these support services were ...
Sun, 15 Mar 2015 08:56:15 -0700
There is hope: We can end the misery of our farmers by implementing a genuine agrarian reform program. Twenty-seven years of CARP has not been able to address landlessness. Exploitative practices—e.g., usury, high cost of farm inputs and production ...
ABS CBN News
Mon, 09 Mar 2015 00:19:09 -0700
Neri Colmenares in a statement said: "The position of Makabayan bloc is to have genuine agrarian reform. CARP, CARPER and now the so-called CARPEST distort that concept and their mere existence up to now is the strongest proof that they were all ...
Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism
Fri, 13 Mar 2015 01:48:45 -0700
ABANG Lingkod party-list Representative Stephen Paduano has hit the stand of the members of the Visayan Bloc on the proposed extension of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (Carp). “The Visayan Bloc based on the consensus we have is ...
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