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Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures. Agrarian reform can include credit measures, training, extension, land consolidations, etc. The World Bank evaluates agrarian reform using five dimensions: (1) price and market liberalization, (2) land reform (including the development of land markets), (3) agro-processing and input supply channels, (4) rural finance, (5) market institutions.[1]

Ben Cousins defines the difference between agrarian reform and land reform as follows:

Land reform… is concerned with rights in land, and their character, strength and distribution, while… [agrarian reform] focuses not only on these but also a broader set of issues: the class character of the relations of production and distribution in farming and related enterprises, and how these connect to the wider class structure. It is thus concerned economic and political power and the relations between them…[2]

Along similar lines, a 2003 World Bank report states,

…A key precondition for land reform to be feasible and effective in improving beneficiaries' livelihoods is that such programs fit into a broader policy aimed at reducing poverty and establishing a favourable environment for the development of productive smallholder agriculture by beneficiaries.[3]

Examples of other issues include "tenure security" for "farm workers, labour tenants, … farm dwellers… [and] tenant peasants", which makes these workers and tenants better prospects for receiving private-sector loans;[4] "infrastructure and support services";[5] government support of "forms of rural enterprise" that are "complementary" to agriculture;[6] and increased community participation in government decisions in rural areas.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Csaba Csaki and John Nash, The Agrarian Economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, World Bank Discussion Paper 387, Washington, DC, 1998.
  2. ^ Ben Cousins, Agrarian reform and the 'two economies': transforming South Africa's countryside, draft of Chapter 9 in Ruth Hall and Lungisile Ntsebeza, eds., The Land Question in South Africa: The Challenge of Transformation and Redistribution, HSRC Press, Cape Town, South Africa (2007).
  3. ^ World Bank, Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction, World Bank and Oxford University Press, 2003. Quoted in Cousins, op. cit., p. 11.
  4. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.4–5, 7, 10–11
  5. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.12
  6. ^ a b Cousins, op. cit., p.14

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrarian_reform — Please support Wikipedia.
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Thu, 06 Nov 2014 05:59:07 -0800

The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL), she explained, bans the existence of properties like Hacienda Binay. "It's not possible that agricultural land – which appears to be the nature of the Rosario [town] property in Batangas – should be left as ...
 
Sun.Star
Sat, 08 Nov 2014 03:48:45 -0800

DEPARTMENT of Agrarian Reform (DAR) Regional Director Julita Ragandang has advised the farmers to organize among themselves into a cooperative to have an easy access to the support services from DAR. Ragandang's advice came after DAR in ...
 
Philippine Information Agency
Mon, 17 Nov 2014 18:03:45 -0800

LEGAZPI CITY, Nov. 18 (PIA) -- The Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) will soon implement various agrarian projects worth P10-million in the province of Albay after the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) released the allocated budget under ...
 
Mindanao Examiner
Thu, 06 Nov 2014 08:50:04 -0800

ZAMBOANGA DEL NORTE – The Department of Agrarian Reform and the Korean Rural Community Corporation recently held the ARCP2-KRCC Assessment Survey of Potential Agri-Enterprise Public-Private Partnership with the Agrarian Reform ...

Vox Bikol

Vox Bikol
Tue, 11 Nov 2014 15:26:15 -0800

DAGUPAN City, Pangasinan, Nov. 12, 2014 — The head of Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) asserts that the much-talked about issue of agrarian reform can only be justified when government's appropriation of privately-owned property ...

Philippine Star

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Thu, 06 Nov 2014 00:30:14 -0800

MANILA, Philippines – Senator Miriam Defensor-Santiago, herself a former agrarian reform secretary, said that the alleged hacienda being attributed either to Vice-president Jejomar Binay or his businessman friend Antonio Tiu indicates illegality by its ...

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Sun, 09 Nov 2014 23:18:45 -0800

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Thu, 20 Nov 2014 10:00:00 -0800

“There is no agrarian reform,” said Turnell. “In fact farmers -- who make up some 80% of the workforce -- are worse off. And for at least 70%, there is no prospect for any improvement soon.” In the end, there is little to commend the Thein Sein ...
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