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Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures. Agrarian reform can include credit measures, training, extension, land consolidations, etc. The World Bank evaluates agrarian reform using five dimensions: (1) price and market liberalization, (2) land reform (including the development of land markets), (3) agro-processing and input supply channels, (4) rural finance, (5) market institutions.[1]

Ben Cousins defines the difference between agrarian reform and land reform as follows:

Land reform… is concerned with rights in land, and their character, strength and distribution, while… [agrarian reform] focuses not only on these but also a broader set of issues: the class character of the relations of production and distribution in farming and related enterprises, and how these connect to the wider class structure. It is thus concerned economic and political power and the relations between them…[2]

Along similar lines, a 2003 World Bank report states,

…A key precondition for land reform to be feasible and effective in improving beneficiaries' livelihoods is that such programs fit into a broader policy aimed at reducing poverty and establishing a favourable environment for the development of productive smallholder agriculture by beneficiaries.[3]

Examples of other issues include "tenure security" for "farm workers, labour tenants, … farm dwellers… [and] tenant peasants", which makes these workers and tenants better prospects for receiving private-sector loans;[4] "infrastructure and support services";[5] government support of "forms of rural enterprise" that are "complementary" to agriculture;[6] and increased community participation of government decisions in rural areas.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Csaba Csaki and John Nash, The Agrarian Economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, World Bank Discussion Paper 387, Washington, DC, 1998.
  2. ^ Ben Cousins, Agrarian reform and the 'two economies': transforming South Africa's countryside, draft of Chapter 9 in Ruth Hall and Lungisile Ntsebeza, eds., The Land Question in South Africa: The Challenge of Transformation and Redistribution, HSRC Press, Cape Town, South Africa (2007).
  3. ^ World Bank, Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction, World Bank and Oxford University Press, 2003. Quoted in Cousins, op. cit., p. 11.
  4. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.4–5, 7, 10–11
  5. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.12
  6. ^ a b Cousins, op. cit., p.14

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrarian_reform — Please support Wikipedia.
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7213 news items


Wed, 18 Nov 2015 00:01:29 -0800

Camarines Sur 3rd District Representative Leni Robredo believes that an independent agrarian reform commission must be created to look into allegations of corruption in land distribution. She elaborated on House Bill 5841, or the Agrarian Reform ...

The Standard

The Standard
Fri, 20 Nov 2015 08:04:38 -0800

Robredo, a member of the House committee on agrarian reform, said that many tracts of land intended for distribution were not transferred to the control of farmer-beneficiaries. “During many of our committee hearings, there were many allegations of ...

Times LIVE

Times LIVE
Thu, 26 Nov 2015 02:52:30 -0800

Moyo‚ who “is credited for his sustained research on land and agrarian reform in Zimbabwe”‚ died in a vehicle accident on Sunday in New Delhi. “Those who have had the privilege to work with Moyo attest to his deep intellectual insight‚ his generosity ...
Thu, 26 Nov 2015 06:15:00 -0800

The deceased is credited for his sustained research on land and agrarian reform in Zimbabwe and the wider Global South, contribution in African political economy and his leadership role in the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in ...
Business Mirror
Fri, 27 Nov 2015 06:15:00 -0800

Asked how the non-passage of the measure would affect the local farm sector, Baguilat said the agrarian-reform program would remain ineffective without a law which would guide the sustainable use of farm lands and the country's natural resources.


Tue, 24 Nov 2015 05:52:30 -0800

Antonio A. del Socorro, assistant regional director concurrent provincial agrarian reform program officer (PARPO) II of DAR Cebu, said that the activity was part of the awareness campaign for the ARBs on climate change, and to integrate issues of ...

Manila Bulletin

Manila Bulletin
Thu, 26 Nov 2015 00:25:30 -0800

The other issues and topics that could be discussed would be the Italian government participation in the Mindanao peace process through the Italian assistance to the agrarian reform community development support program as well as the Philippines-Italy ...
Manila Bulletin
Wed, 25 Nov 2015 08:05:46 -0800

The project, which aims to reduce poverty incidence in 10 of the country's poorest provinces, will benefit over 300,000 agrarian reform farmer-beneficiaries (ARBs) in 11 Agrarian Reform Communities in 10 provinces in Regions 9, 11, and CARAGA.

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