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Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures. Agrarian reform can include credit measures, training, extension, land consolidations, etc. The World Bank evaluates agrarian reform using five dimensions: (1) price and market liberalization, (2) land reform (including the development of land markets), (3) agro-processing and input supply channels, (4) rural finance, (5) market institutions.[1]

Ben Cousins defines the difference between agrarian reform and land reform as follows:

Land reform… is concerned with rights in land, and their character, strength and distribution, while… [agrarian reform] focuses not only on these but also a broader set of issues: the class character of the relations of production and distribution in farming and related enterprises, and how these connect to the wider class structure. It is thus concerned economic and political power and the relations between them…[2]

Along similar lines, a 2003 World Bank report states,

…A key precondition for land reform to be feasible and effective in improving beneficiaries' livelihoods is that such programs fit into a broader policy aimed at reducing poverty and establishing a favourable environment for the development of productive smallholder agriculture by beneficiaries.[3]

Examples of other issues include "tenure security" for "farm workers, labour tenants, … farm dwellers… [and] tenant peasants", which makes these workers and tenants better prospects for receiving private-sector loans;[4] "infrastructure and support services";[5] government support of "forms of rural enterprise" that are "complementary" to agriculture;[6] and increased community participation of government decisions in rural areas.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Csaba Csaki and John Nash, The Agrarian Economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, World Bank Discussion Paper 387, Washington, DC, 1998.
  2. ^ Ben Cousins, Agrarian reform and the 'two economies': transforming South Africa's countryside, draft of Chapter 9 in Ruth Hall and Lungisile Ntsebeza, eds., The Land Question in South Africa: The Challenge of Transformation and Redistribution, HSRC Press, Cape Town, South Africa (2007).
  3. ^ World Bank, Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction, World Bank and Oxford University Press, 2003. Quoted in Cousins, op. cit., p. 11.
  4. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.4–5, 7, 10–11
  5. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.12
  6. ^ a b Cousins, op. cit., p.14

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrarian_reform — Please support Wikipedia.
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9576 news items


Fri, 22 Jan 2016 21:48:45 -0800

“[For me], genuine agrarian reform is not merely a social justice tool; it is also a development tool. In my opinion, no country can develop without genuine agrarian reform,” said the senatorial aspirant during Rappler's #TheLeaderIWant Forum at the De ...
Andina - Agencia Peruana de Noticias
Wed, 03 Feb 2016 11:30:00 -0800

Lima, Feb. 03. The Republic of Peru has received a preliminary notice under the United States-Peru Free Trade Agreement (TPA) in connection with alleged purchases of agrarian reform bonds by U.S.-based entities, the Ministry of Economy and Finance ...


Wed, 03 Feb 2016 06:53:22 -0800

The implementation of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms (CARPER) was a failure, said Duterte, because farmers lacked the capability and resources to make their land productive. “The land reform was a farce not because ...


Fri, 12 Feb 2016 23:41:15 -0800

Part of these remitted funds had been set aside to fund the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) as well as the Human Rights Victims Reparation program for victims of human rights violations during the Marcos dictatorship. The PCGG was ...
Fri, 12 Feb 2016 22:00:00 -0800

The police recovered 26 bullet shells of .9mm caliber pistol from the makeshift watchmen outpost in the farm being disputed by agrarian reform beneficiaries and the Malabors, Grande said. Despite the series of incidents, Señoron said the town cannot be ...

Gulf Times

Gulf Times
Fri, 12 Feb 2016 10:03:54 -0800

He urged Duterte to focus on a genuine agrarian reform programme, which is a crucial step toward a people-centreed development, instead of national industrialisation.Other labour groups such as the Federation of Free Workers (FFW), Trade Union ...
Manila Bulletin
Fri, 12 Feb 2016 02:41:15 -0800

... one another, the chief executive also noted. “The merger of DBP and Land Bank will further enhance the financing priority projects and sectors such as infrastructure, public service, agriculture/agrarian reform and small and medium enterprises,” he ...


Thu, 11 Feb 2016 19:00:00 -0800

We dare him to share the same harsh words to abusive capitalists and landowners who violate every letter and spirit of the Labor Code and the Agrarian Reform Law. But he will not. Like every dyed-in-the-wool fascist, he only plays upon popular ...

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