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Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures. Agrarian reform can include credit measures, training, extension, land consolidations, etc. The World Bank evaluates agrarian reform using five dimensions: (1) price and market liberalization, (2) land reform (including the development of land markets), (3) agro-processing and input supply channels, (4) rural finance, (5) market institutions.[1]

Ben Cousins defines the difference between agrarian reform and land reform as follows:

Land reform… is concerned with rights in land, and their character, strength and distribution, while… [agrarian reform] focuses not only on these but also a broader set of issues: the class character of the relations of production and distribution in farming and related enterprises, and how these connect to the wider class structure. It is thus concerned economic and political power and the relations between them…[2]

Along similar lines, a 2003 World Bank report states,

…A key precondition for land reform to be feasible and effective in improving beneficiaries' livelihoods is that such programs fit into a broader policy aimed at reducing poverty and establishing a favourable environment for the development of productive smallholder agriculture by beneficiaries.[3]

Examples of other issues include "tenure security" for "farm workers, labour tenants, … farm dwellers… [and] tenant peasants", which makes these workers and tenants better prospects for receiving private-sector loans;[4] "infrastructure and support services";[5] government support of "forms of rural enterprise" that are "complementary" to agriculture;[6] and increased community participation in government decisions in rural areas.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Csaba Csaki and John Nash, The Agrarian Economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, World Bank Discussion Paper 387, Washington, DC, 1998.
  2. ^ Ben Cousins, Agrarian reform and the 'two economies': transforming South Africa's countryside, draft of Chapter 9 in Ruth Hall and Lungisile Ntsebeza, eds., The Land Question in South Africa: The Challenge of Transformation and Redistribution, HSRC Press, Cape Town, South Africa (2007).
  3. ^ World Bank, Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction, World Bank and Oxford University Press, 2003. Quoted in Cousins, op. cit., p. 11.
  4. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.4–5, 7, 10–11
  5. ^ Cousins, op. cit., p.12
  6. ^ a b Cousins, op. cit., p.14

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrarian_reform — Please support Wikipedia.
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451 news items

Philippine Information Agency

Philippine Information Agency
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 23:56:15 -0700

DAVAO CITY, July 24 – More than 250 hectares will be planted to cacao in selected Agrarian Reform Communities (ARCs) in Davao City after seven agrarian reform beneficiary organizations inked a ten-year Cacao Production and Purchase Agreement with ...


Wed, 09 Jul 2014 16:56:24 -0700

These farmers should have been Delos Reyes' most ardent supporters and loyal allies. A revolutionary DAR chief would err on the side of farmers instead of with landlords, said another agrarian reform advocate in Congress, CARPER author Walden Bello.


Philippine Star
Tue, 01 Jul 2014 09:29:54 -0700

The government has reassured the public that land distribution to farmers will continue even if the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program has ended. Funding has been set aside for CARP-related activities this year, and more funds will be appropriated ...

Upside Down World

Upside Down World
Wed, 02 Jul 2014 12:30:00 -0700

Since the 1980s, we are living in a new phase of capitalism, marked by the hegemony of finance capitalism and transnational corporations, which have gained control of the production of the principal commodities and world trade, generating structural ...

Bulatlat (blog)

Fri, 27 Jun 2014 03:41:20 -0700

THE Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) has distributed 266 hectares of land to Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries (ARBs) for the first five months of this year in the province of Zamboanga del Sur. Zamboanga del Sur Agrarian Reform Officer Arthur Soria ...


Tue, 08 Jul 2014 02:30:28 -0700

Based on the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms (CARPER) law, the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) until June 30, 2014, to issue Notices of Coverage (NOCs) to jumpstart the process of distributing identified lands.
Bulatlat (blog)
Mon, 30 Jun 2014 22:46:09 -0700

On June 25, at around 10 a.m., 64-year-old Dina was picking some squash leaves she would cook for lunch when personnel from the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) provincial office, Edison Diaz, chieftain of Lourdes village and his men and scores of ...


Wed, 23 Jul 2014 16:03:45 -0700

It was Landbank's request as a result of the very real prospect of the severe depletion of the Agrarian Reform Fund for which we sought merely the release of funds already appropriated by Congress in 2010 and 2011, and not an augmentation or additional ...

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