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For other uses, see Agdam (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 39°59′35″N 46°55′50″E / 39.99306°N 46.93056°E / 39.99306; 46.93056

Ağdam
Աղդամ
Skyline of Ağdam
Ağdam is located in Azerbaijan
Ağdam
Ağdam
Coordinates: 39°59′35″N 46°55′50″E / 39.99306°N 46.93056°E / 39.99306; 46.93056
Country  Azerbaijan
Rayon Agdam
Elevation 369 m (1,211 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 3,770

Ağdam (also, Agdam and Aghdam) is a ghost town in the southwest part of Azerbaijan and the capital of its Agdam Rayon. In July 1993, after heavy fighting, Agdam was captured by the forces of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic during its 1993 summer offensives. As the town fell, its entire population was forced to flee eastwards. In the immediate aftermath of the fighting, the Armenian forces decided to destroy much of Agdam to prevent its recapture by Azerbaijan.[1] More damage occurred in the following decades when the deserted town was looted for building materials. Agdam is currently ruinous and uninhabited and empty.[2] The town's large Aghdam Mosque survives intact but in a derelict condition.

Etymology[edit]

The city's name is of Azerbaijani origin and means White House, in which means "white" and dam is house or "attic", thus referring to a bright sun-lit, white house which was given by Panah Ali Khan of Karabakh Khanate.[3]

Another possibility is that it was derived from ancient Turkic glossary meaning "small fortress". In the distant past, Turkic speaking tribes built small fortresses for their protection and safety.[3]

History[edit]

Mosque in Agdam on Azerbaijani stamp (depicted as it looked before the Karabakh war)

Agdam was founded in the 18th century and granted city status in 1828.[4] It is 26 kilometers from Stepanakert. Before the Nagorno-Karabakh War, butter, wine (Industrial Association for processing of grapes - Agdam Brandy Company), machine factories and a railway station functioned there.[5][6]

Nagorno-Karabakh War[edit]

Main article: Nagorno-Karabakh War
View of the destruction caused by war

Agdam was the scene of fierce fighting during the Nagorno-Karabakh War. According to journalist Robert Parsons, Agdam was used by Azerbaijan as a base for attacks on Karabakh, launching GRAD missiles and bombing raids from there against civilians.[7] During the Battle of Aghdam, violations of the rules of war such as hostage-taking, indiscriminate fire and the forcible displacement of civilians were committed by Armenian forces.[8] As the city fell, almost its entire population fled eastward.[9]

The city is still currently used as a buffer zone by the Armed Forces of Armenia, meaning that Ağdam remains empty and decaying, usually banned for sightseeing.[10][11]

Post-war years[edit]

The ruined city once had a population of almost 40,000 people,[12] but today it is an almost entirely uninhabited ghost town.[13] All the houses are ruinous, some by shells fired in the war, others looted for building materials.[14][15]

One of the few buildings to remain intact is Aghdam Mosque. Its derelict condition drew criticism from Azerbaijani and Turkish communities, who complained to Pope Benedict XVI about the mosque's current situation.[16]

In 2008, the Lonely Planet's guidebook dubbed the city as "Caucasian Hiroshima".[17][18]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Agdam
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.2
(43.2)
7.0
(44.6)
11.2
(52.2)
18.6
(65.5)
23.1
(73.6)
27.8
(82)
31.3
(88.3)
30.1
(86.2)
25.9
(78.6)
19.1
(66.4)
13.0
(55.4)
8.6
(47.5)
18.5
(65.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
2.8
(37)
6.1
(43)
12.3
(54.1)
16.1
(61)
20.4
(68.7)
24.6
(76.3)
23.3
(73.9)
18.6
(65.5)
13.5
(56.3)
8.2
(46.8)
4.1
(39.4)
12.7
(54.9)
Average low °C (°F) −0.9
(30.4)
0.0
(32)
3.2
(37.8)
8.9
(48)
13.5
(56.3)
17.8
(64)
21.2
(70.2)
20.0
(68)
16.4
(61.5)
10.6
(51.1)
5.8
(42.4)
1.5
(34.7)
9.8
(49.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15
(0.59)
24
(0.94)
32
(1.26)
48
(1.89)
73
(2.87)
64
(2.52)
33
(1.3)
27
(1.06)
30
(1.18)
50
(1.97)
32
(1.26)
19
(0.75)
447
(17.6)
Avg. precipitation days 4 6 7 7 10 7 3 3 4 6 5 4 66
Source: NOAA[19]

Demographics[edit]

Economy[edit]

Culture[edit]

Music and media[edit]

Mugham music, a tradition in the Karabakh region, is an important part of Agdam's musical heritage; the city was home to Agdam Mugham School, which produced "Karabakh nightingales" ensemble.[20][21]

Sport[edit]

Despite the invasion, the town is represented by a professional football team competing in the top-flight of Azerbaijani football - Qarabağ FK, currently playing in the Azerbaijan Premier League.[22]

The Imarat Stadium, which was Agdam's only stadium, was also destroyed by bombardments from Armenian military forces during the Nagorno-Karabakh War.[23][24][25]

Transport[edit]

Education[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Category:People from Agdam.

Some of the city's many prestigious residents include: military commanders Allahverdi Bagirov and Asif Maharramov, footballers Ramiz Mammadov, Mushfig Huseynov and Vugar Nadirov, mugham singers Gadir Rustamov, Mansum Ibrahimov and Sakhavat Mammadov, actor Jeyhun Mirzayev, scientist Zakir Mammadov and singer Roya.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nicolas Holding, "Armenia with Nagorno Karabagh - Bradt Travel Guide", 2003, p200.
  2. ^ Города-призраки. Агдам – жертва мести, памятник глупости. (Russian)
  3. ^ a b "Agdam city". Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  4. ^ Значение слова "Агдам" в Большой Советской Энциклопедии (in Russian). Soviet Encyclopedia. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  5. ^ Агдам (Азербайджан) (in Russian). Landmarkers.ru. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  6. ^ Girchenko, Yuriy. Юрий Гирченко. В Союзе все спокойно... (in Russian). Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  7. ^ Parsons, Robert (3 June 2000). "Tug-of-war for Nagorno-Karabakh". BBC News. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  8. ^ Human Rights Watch. Azerbaijan: Seven years of conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. p.19
  9. ^ Paul, Amanda. "Agdam -- an Azerbaijani ghost town". Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  10. ^ Hannigan, Chris. "Ghost Towns: Ağdam, Azerbaijan". Archived from the original on 13 August 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  11. ^ Chauffor, Célia. "Report: Agdam, ghost city". Caucaz Europenewz. Archived from the original on 1 July 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  12. ^ Azerbaijani cities
  13. ^ "20 Abandoned Cities from Around the World". Daily Cognition. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  14. ^ Esslemont, Tom (25 June 2009). "Karabakh guns still at the ready". BBC News. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  15. ^ Armenians occupied Agdam cities listed among the ghosts
  16. ^ "Turks complain to Pope on vandalism in Karabakh mosque by Armenians". Archived from the original on 20 July 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  17. ^ Lonely Planet Georgia, Armenia & Azerbaijan (Travel Guide). Lonely Planet Publications. 2008. p. 301. 
  18. ^ "Dark Tourism's Agdam". www.dark-tourism.com. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  19. ^ "Agdam Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 22, 2015. 
  20. ^ Shirinov, Elnur. "“Qarabağ bülbülləri” nin yaradıcısı kimdir". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  21. ^ Золотой голос Карабаха – Гадир Рустамов. karabakhinfo.com (in Russian). Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  22. ^ Adil Nadirov: «Bizi az qala döyüb öldürəcəkdilər" (Azerbaijani)
  23. ^ Vaxt olmayan yer (Azerbaijani)
  24. ^ Ermənilərin xarabaya çevirdiyi Ağdamın «İmarət» stadionu (Azerbaijani)
  25. ^ “Caqa” ikinci dəfə lotereyada uddu (Azerbaijani)

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agdam — Please support Wikipedia.
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5140 news items

Insidethegames.biz

Insidethegames.biz
Mon, 11 May 2015 12:08:54 -0700

The day's first Torchbearer, Saleh Gurbanov, began his run carrying the Flame on its way across the village of Guzanli, before passing it to Najaf Najafgulubeyli, who posed in front of famous Agdam symbol, "the home of tea". The 3.02 kilometres route ...

News.Az

News.Az
Tue, 05 May 2015 00:30:00 -0700

The Ganja Court on Grave Crimes completed the hearing on the case of Bagdasaryan Arsen Edwardovich, an Armenian scout who had been captured by Azerbaijani soldiers while attempting to cross the Aghdam part of the contact line of troops on December ...

AzerNews

AzerNews
Thu, 30 Apr 2015 05:56:15 -0700

A universal fight championship was held in honor of national leader Heydar Aliyev in the Agdam Olympic Sports Complex on April 23-26. Over 400 fighters from Turkey, Russia, Lithuania, Georgia, Iran and Kazakhstan took part in the competition.

transfermarkt

transfermarkt
Sun, 17 May 2015 04:34:56 -0700

Der Vorjahres-Meister Qarabag Agdam hat seinen Titel verteidigt. Durch den 1:0-Erfolg gegen PFK Sumgayit kann der Klub in der aserbaidschanischen Premyer Liqasi nicht mehr eingeholt werden. Es ist die dritte Meisterschaft in der Vereinsgeschichte.

Master Herald

Master Herald
Thu, 21 May 2015 04:48:45 -0700

... that were looking forward to PES 15 saw that the content pack brought eight European Teams to the lineup including Slovan Bratislava, FK Partizan, Maccabi Tel Aviv, Ludogorets Razgrad, HJK Helsinki, Qarabag Agdam, Legia Warsaw and Sparta Praha.

AZERTAC News

AZERTAC News
Fri, 22 May 2015 00:18:45 -0700

The ceasefire was violated in Chilaburt and Goyarkh villages in Tartar, Shuraabad, Shirvanli, Garagashli, Sarijali, Javahirli, Shikhlar, Marzali villages in Agdam, Kuropatkino village of Khojavand, Horadiz, Gorgan, Ashagi Seyidahmadli, Garakhanbayli ...

AzerNews

AzerNews
Wed, 20 May 2015 23:56:15 -0700

The ceasefire was violated in Gulustan, Tap Garagoyunlu villages of Goranboy, Yarimja, Chilaburt and Goyarkh villages in Tartar, Shuraabad, Shikhlar, Yusifjanli, Kangarli, Garagashli villages in Agdam, Horadiz, Garakhanbayli, Ashagi Seyidahmadli ...
 
Eurosport.com FR
Sat, 06 Sep 2014 14:33:45 -0700

Ligue Europa - Suivez en live la rencontre de Football opposant Qarabag Agdam et Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk. Ce match se déroule le 6 novembre 2014 et débute à 18:00. Eurosport propose pour cette rencontre un suivi en direct permettant de connaître ...
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