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For other uses, see Agdam (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 39°59′35″N 46°55′50″E / 39.99306°N 46.93056°E / 39.99306; 46.93056

Ağdam
Skyline of Ağdam
Ağdam is located in Azerbaijan
Ağdam
Ağdam
Coordinates: 39°59′35″N 46°55′50″E / 39.99306°N 46.93056°E / 39.99306; 46.93056
Country  Azerbaijan
Rayon Agdam
Elevation 369 m (1,211 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 3,770

Ağdam (also, Agdam and Aghdam) is a ghost town in the southwest part of Azerbaijan and the capital of its Agdam Rayon. In July 1993, after heavy fighting, Agdam was captured by the forces of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic during its 1993 summer offensives. As the town fell, its entire population were forced to flee eastwards. In the immediate aftermath of the fighting, the Armenian forces decided to destroy much of Agdam to prevent its recapture by Azerbaijan.[1] More damage occurred in the following decades when the deserted town was looted for building materials. Agdam is currently ruinous and uninhabited and empty.[2] The town's large Aghdam Mosque survives intact but in a derelict condition.

Etymology[edit]

The city's name is of Azerbaijani origin and means White House, in which means "white" and dam is house or "attic", thus referring to a bright sun-lit, white house which was given by Panah Ali Khan of Karabakh Khanate.[3]

Another possibility is that it was derived from ancient Turkic glossary meaning "small fortress". In the distant past, Turkic speaking tribes built small fortresses for their protection and safety.[3]

History[edit]

Mosque in Agdam on Azerbaijani stamp (depicted as it looked before the Karabakh war)

Agdam was founded in the 18th century and granted city status in 1828.[4] It is 26 kilometers from Stepanakert. Before the Nagorno-Karabakh War, butter, wine (Industrial Association for processing of grapes - Agdam Brandy Company), machine factories and a railway station functioned there.[5][6]

Nagorno-Karabakh War[edit]

Main article: Nagorno-Karabakh War
View of the destruction caused by war

Agdam was the scene of fierce fighting during the Nagorno-Karabakh War. According to journalist Robert Parsons, Agdam was used by Azerbaijan as a base for attacks on Karabakh, launching GRAD missiles and bombing raids from there against civilians.[7] During the Battle of Aghdam, violations of the rules of war such as hostage-taking, indiscriminate fire and the forcible displacement of civilians were committed by Armenian forces.[8] As the city fell, almost its entire population fled eastward.[9]

The city is still currently used as a buffer zone by the Armed Forces of Armenia, meaning that Ağdam remains empty and decaying, usually banned for sightseeing.[10][11]

Post-war years[edit]

The ruined city once had a population of almost 40,000 people,[12] but today it is an almost entirely uninhabited ghost town.[13] All the houses are ruinous, some by shells fired in the war, others looted for building materials.[14][15]

One of the few buildings to remain intact is Aghdam Mosque. Its derelict condition drew criticism from Azerbaijani and Turkish communities, who complained to Pope Benedict XVI about the mosque's current situation.[16]

In 2008, the Lonely Planet's guidebook dubbed the city as "Caucasian Hiroshima".[17][18]

Geography[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Economy[edit]

Culture[edit]

Music and media[edit]

Mugham music, a tradition in the Karabakh region, is an important part of Agdam's musical heritage; the city was home to Agdam Mugham School, which produced "Karabakh nightingales" ensemble.[19][20]

Sport[edit]

Despite the invasion, the town is represented by a professional football team competing in the top-flight of Azerbaijani football - Qarabağ FK, currently playing in the Azerbaijan Premier League.[21]

The Imarat Stadium, which was Agdam's only stadium, was also destroyed by bombardments from Armenian military forces during the Nagorno-Karabakh War.[22][23][24]

Transport[edit]

Education[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Category:People from Agdam.

Some of the city's many prestigious residents include: military commanders Allahverdi Bagirov and Asif Maharramov, footballers Ramiz Mammadov, Mushfig Huseynov and Vugar Nadirov, mugham singers Gadir Rustamov, Mansum Ibrahimov and Sakhavat Mammadov, actor Jeyhun Mirzayev, scientist Zakir Mammadov and singer Roya.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nicolas Holding, "Armenia with Nagorno Karabagh - Bradt Travel Guide", 2003, p200.
  2. ^ Города-призраки. Агдам – жертва мести, памятник глупости. (Russian)
  3. ^ a b "Agdam city". Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  4. ^ Значение слова "Агдам" в Большой Советской Энциклопедии (in Russian). Soviet Encyclopedia. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  5. ^ Агдам (Азербайджан) (in Russian). Landmarkers.ru. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  6. ^ Girchenko, Yuriy. Юрий Гирченко. В Союзе все спокойно... (in Russian). Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  7. ^ Parsons, Robert (3 June 2000). "Tug-of-war for Nagorno-Karabakh". BBC News. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  8. ^ Human Rights Watch. Azerbaijan: Seven years of conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. p.19
  9. ^ Paul, Amanda. "Agdam -- an Azerbaijani ghost town". Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  10. ^ Hannigan, Chris. "Ghost Towns: Ağdam, Azerbaijan". Archived from the original on 13 August 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  11. ^ Chauffor, Célia. "Report: Agdam, ghost city". Caucaz Europenewz. Archived from the original on 1 July 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  12. ^ Azerbaijani cities
  13. ^ "20 Abandoned Cities from Around the World". Daily Cognition. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  14. ^ Esslemont, Tom (25 June 2009). "Karabakh guns still at the ready". BBC News. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  15. ^ Armenians occupied Agdam cities listed among the ghosts
  16. ^ "Turks complain to Pope on vandalism in Karabakh mosque by Armenians". Archived from the original on 20 July 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  17. ^ Lonely Planet Georgia, Armenia & Azerbaijan (Travel Guide). Lonely Planet Publications. 2008. p. 301. 
  18. ^ "Dark Tourism's Agdam". www.dark-tourism.com. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  19. ^ Shirinov, Elnur. "“Qarabağ bülbülləri”nin yaradıcısı kimdir" (in http://www.anl.az/down/medeniyyet2008/may/medeniyyet2008_may_579.htm). Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  20. ^ Золотой голос Карабаха – Гадир Рустамов. karabakhinfo.com (in Russian). Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  21. ^ Adil Nadirov: «Bizi az qala döyüb öldürəcəkdilər" (Azerbaijani)
  22. ^ Vaxt olmayan yer (Azerbaijani)
  23. ^ Ermənilərin xarabaya çevirdiyi Ağdamın «İmarət» stadionu (Azerbaijani)
  24. ^ “Caqa” ikinci dəfə lotereyada uddu (Azerbaijani)

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agdam — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
37623 videos foundNext > 

AGDAM-Агдам - AĞDAM 1990 VS 2010.

AGHDAM AZE PHOTOS http://www.flickr.com/photos/105532407@N08/ Каждый год азербайджанцы во всем мире 23 июля как день скорби отмечают оккупацию армянскими вой...

Agdam 2015

UNVAN:https://www.facebook.com/burhan.mirzeyev.9 TRACK:http://www.boxca.com/5q80toqvhldm/Agdam_2013_filminin_soundtrack._burhan_imranoglu.mp3.html SEKIL:http...

AĞDAM MART 2014

AGHDAM AZE PHOTOS http://www.flickr.com/photos/105532407@N08/ https://www.facebook.com/pages/AZE-VIDEO/383745794982374.

Ilham Eliyev'in Agdam ve Berde seferi 06.08.2014

LUTFEN ABUNE OLUN . Videolari Kopyalamaq Qeti QADAGANDIR ! Xahish Edirik YouTube'a shikayet etmeden Kanalimiza yazin . Ozumuz ozumuzu vurmayaq . Pislik Etme ...

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Söyüş və təhqir yazan insan, ilk öncə, əzizdərin ağıllarına gətirsin!!!

AĞDAM TOYU-SƏXAVƏT MƏMMƏDOV VƏ RƏMİŞ 1991.mp4

http://www.facebook.com/pages/02AZ-video-MrTural77/383745794982374.

AGDAM EKSKLUZIV ALTUN VIDEO

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Bozbash Pictures "Agdam" HD (2014)

Aktyorlar: Ilkin Hasani,Ramil Babayev,Elshan Orucov,Azer Baxsheliyev,Nicat Rehimov www.facebook.com/bozbash www.instagram.com/bozbash_Pictures.

AĞDAMSIZ AĞDAM KƏNDLƏRİ 2011

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Cəbhədə ən son məlumat Agdam

Cəbhədə ən son məlumat Agdam.

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5591 news items

Sport.pl

Sport.pl
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 14:44:34 -0800

Czemu Czech Miroslav Zelinka nie uznał gola dla Karabachu Agdam w doliczonym czasie gry w meczu z Interem Mediolan - zastanawiają się kibice i dziennikarze. Gdyby bramka Richarda Almeidy z 93. minuty została uznana, Azerowie awansowaliby do ...

Eurosport.fr

Eurosport.fr
Wed, 10 Dec 2014 14:52:30 -0800

Ligue Europa - Suivez en live la rencontre de Football opposant Qarabag Agdam et Inter Milan. Ce match se déroule le 11 décembre 2014 et débute à 18:00. Eurosport propose pour cette rencontre un suivi en direct permettant de connaître l'évolution du ...

Racing-1.com

L'Équipe.fr
Thu, 27 Nov 2014 14:01:23 -0800

Face à une coriace équipe de Qarabag, Saint-Etienne enchaîne un cinquième match nul en Ligue Europa. Les Verts ont été trop brouillons dans leurs offensives, à l'image de Van Wolfswinkel, qui a beaucoup raté malgré son but. Tout se jouera à Dniepr.

News.Az

News.Az
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 22:22:30 -0800

In addition, Azerbaijani positions were subjected to fire from positions near Yusifjanly, Shikhlar, Merzili, Sarijaly, Shuraabad, Novruzlu villages of Agdam, Kuropatkino village of Khojavand, Horadiz, Garakhanbayli, Ashaghy Seyidahmadli villages of ...

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Thu, 27 Nov 2014 09:09:46 -0800

ARBITRE: Kristinn Jakobsson(ISL). George(min.48), Medvedev(min. 75), Lemone(min. 90+3). ÈVÉNEMENTS: Rencontre de Ligue Europa. Match du groupe F, Saint-Éienne contre Qarabag Agdam, comptant pour la 5ème journée. Match se jouant au Stade ...

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Mon, 24 Nov 2014 09:29:15 -0800

Hikmet Hajiyev, a spokesman for the Azerbaijan Foreign Ministry, said that the “fully armed attack helicopter” had been shot down while flying over the “occupied Agdam region of Azerbaijan.” Armenia has controlled most of Nagorno-Karabakh since 1994, ...
 
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Wed, 17 Dec 2014 22:56:15 -0800

... Merzili, Sarijali villages of Agdam region, Kuropatkino village in Khojavand region, Horadiz, Qorqan, Qarakhanbeyli, Ashagi Veysalli, Ashagi Seyidahmedli villages in Fuzuli region, as well as the nameless hills in Goranboy, Khojavand, and Fuzuli ...

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Mon, 21 Jul 2014 05:00:00 -0700

For example, a young girl named Vanukhi Hobosyan published a picture in social network and put smilies after commenting in the Armenian language: "On the foreground of Agdam, which no longer exists." And at a photo in Shusha she stands with a ...
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