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Agape (/ˈæɡəp/[1] or /əˈɡɑːp/; Classical Greek: ἀγάπη, agápē; Modern Greek: αγάπη IPA: [aˈɣapi]), often translated "unconditional love", is one of the Koine Greek words translated into English as love, one which became particularly appropriated in Christian theology as the love of God or Christ for humankind. In the New Testament, it refers to the covenant love of God for humans, as well as the human reciprocal love for God; the term necessarily extends to the love of one’s fellow man.[2] Although the word does not have specific religious connotation, the word has been used by a variety of contemporary and ancient sources, including biblical authors and Christian authors. Greek philosophers at the time of Plato and other ancient authors have used forms of the word to denote love of a spouse or family, or affection for a particular activity, in contrast to philia (an affection that could denote friendship, brotherhood or generally non-sexual affection) and eros, an affection of a sexual nature. Thomas Jay Oord has defined agape as "an intentional response to promote well-being when responding to that which has generated ill-being."[3]


Fresco of a female figure holding a chalice at an early Christian Agape feast. Catacomb of Saints Marcellinus and Peter, Via Labicana, Rome

A journalist of Time Magazine has described John 3:16 as "one of the most famous and well-known Bible verses. It has been called the 'Gospel in a nutshell' because it is considered a summary of the central doctrines of Christianity."[4] The verb translated "loved" in this verse is ἠγάπησεν (ēgapēsen), past tense of "agapaō".

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

—John 3:16, KJV

Agape received a broader usage under later Christian writers as the word that specifically denoted "Christian" love or "charity" (1 Corinthians 13:1–8), or even God himself (1 John 4:8, ὁ θεὸς ἀγάπη ἐστίν, "God is Love").

The term agape is rarely used in ancient manuscripts, but was used by the early Christians to refer to the self-sacrificing love of God for humanity, which they were committed to reciprocating and practicing towards God and among one another (also see kenosis). When 1 John 4:8 says "God is love," the Greek New Testament uses the word agape to describe God's love.

Agape has been expounded on by many Christian writers in a specifically Christian context. C. S. Lewis, in his book The Four Loves, used agape to describe what he believed was the highest level of love known to humanity – a selfless love, a love that was passionately committed to the well-being of the other.[5]

The Christian usage of the term agape comes almost directly from the canonical Gospels' accounts of the teachings of Jesus. When asked what was the great commandment, "Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets." (Matthew 22:37-40) In Judaism, the first ("...love the LORD thy God..."), is part of the Shema.

In the King James Version of the New Testament, the word agape is translated "charity" [in some places] which has a contemporary connotation of giving to meet needs of the less fortunate.[5]

In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus said:

You have heard that it was said, 'You shall love (agapēseis) your neighbor and hate your enemy.' But I say to you, Love (agapāte) your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven; for he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust. For if you love those who love you, what reward have you?

—Matthew 5:43-46, RSV

Tertullian, in his 2nd century defense of Christians, remarks how Christian love attracted pagan notice: "What marks us in the eyes of our enemies is our loving kindness. 'Only look,' they say, 'look how they love one another' " (Apology 39).

Anglican theologian O.C. Quick cautions however that this agape within human experience is "a very partial and rudimentary realization," and that "in its pure form it is essentially divine." Quick suggests that,

If we could imagine the love of one who loves men purely for their own sake, and not because of any need or desire of his own, purely desires their good, and yet loves them wholly, not for what at this moment they are, but for what he knows he can make of them because he made them, then we should have in our minds some true image of the love of the Father and Creator of mankind.[6]

In the New Testament the word agape is often used to describe God's love. However, other forms of the word agape (such as agapaō) are at times used in a negative sense. Such examples include:

  • 2 Timothy 4:10— "...for Demas hath forsaken me, having loved [agapaō] this present world...".
  • John 12:43— "For they loved [agapaō] the praise of men more than the praise of God."
  • John 3:19— "And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved [agapaō] darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.


The word agape in its plural form is used in the New Testament to describe a meal or feast eaten by early Christians, as in Jude 1:12, and 2nd Peter 2:13.

See also[edit]


Eastern religions[edit]

  • Mettā Sanskrit word, "loving-kindness" or "friendliness"


  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary
  2. ^ "agape." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2011. Web. 17 Sep. 2011.
  3. ^ “ The love racket: Defining love and agape for the love-and-science research program,” Zygon, vol. 40, no. 4 (December 2005), pp. 919-938 Defining Love (PDF)
  4. ^ John 3:16 in Pop Culture. Time.com Accessed: 22 May 2009
  5. ^ a b Kreeft, Peter. "Love" Accessed: May 22, 2009
  6. ^ Quick, O.C. Doctrines of the Creed, Scribners, 1938 p. 55.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agape — Please support Wikipedia.
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Gustavus Adolphus College News

Gustavus Adolphus College News
Wed, 26 Mar 2014 01:15:00 -0700

AGAPE* (Dave Scherer) has inspired youth from Brooklyn to Bosnia with his relational ministry "Hip Hop Outreach." Combining rapping, dancing, storytelling and his fluency in Spanish, AGAPE* connects with his listeners in a way that they really "get it".
Jackson Hole News&Guide
Tue, 08 Apr 2014 13:39:57 -0700

... North Glenwood Street Jackson, WY 83001. Event Contact. Name: Deborah Lopez Phone: 307-733-2603 Email: deborah@stjohnsjackson.org. Contact Deborah Lopez by email or by phone at 307-733-2603 for more information regarding the Agape Meal.
Tue, 08 Apr 2014 08:56:15 -0700

Wells of Agape is offering a free “The Art of Blessing” seminar to the community, Saturday April 26, from 1:00 pm – 4:00 pm, at the Family Worship Center, in room 37. The church, which is the former Bancroft School, is located at 2300 41st St., in Orange.
The Ledger
Wed, 02 Apr 2014 23:44:23 -0700

Your money is officially in the hands of Florida's patchwork of agencies serving the poor and homeless, including Agape Food Bank in Lakeland, which provides nutritious produce and other groceries at great discounts to dozens of nonprofits, churches ...
Seaway News
Sat, 12 Apr 2014 16:03:45 -0700

Kendra Smith, Agape Centre volunteer coordinator, Marilyn Rondeau, Agape Centre Volunteer of the Year Award recipient, and Alyssa Blais, Agape Centre executive director. "We literally could not function without more than 100 active volunteers," said ...
Echo Pilot
Fri, 04 Apr 2014 12:51:52 -0700

The Waynesboro Seventh-day Adventist Church, 1 State Hill Road (Rt. 997S), will hold its annual Agape Feast and Communion Service at 6 p.m., Friday, April 4, in their fellowship hall. email print. Echo Pilot - Greencastle, PA. Writer. Posted Apr. 4 ...


Wed, 09 Apr 2014 13:03:45 -0700

Marsh Harbour, Abaco, The Bahamas -- Agape Christian School students Amilee Sands (left) and Raquel Albury sing a duet at the school in Marsh Harbour, during the recent E. Clement Bethel National Arts Festival Abaco adjudications. (BIS Photo / Eric ...
Seaway News
Fri, 11 Apr 2014 09:21:01 -0700

The Agape Centre in Cornwall has been approved for a $6,540 Feeding Families Fund grant from McCain Foods Canada, Nestle Canada, and Food Banks Canada. The funds will help Agape develop a new interactive program, similar to a cooking club, that ...

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