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For the region of planet Mars, see Aeolis quadrangle.
Not to be confused with Aeolus.
Ancient Region of Anatolia
Aeolis (Αἰολίς)
Aeolian city of Smyrna
Location Western Anatolia
State existed: 8th-6th centuries BC (as Dodecapolis)
Language Aeolic Greek
Biggest city Smyrna
Roman province Asia
Location of Aeolis within Anatolia

Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (/ˈli.ə/; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.


Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.


Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.[1]

The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. [2]

Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.

Natives of Aeolis[edit]


  1. ^ Herodotus. The Histories: 1.149.
  2. ^ Each of the cities minted coins in the own names, using different gods, animals and objects as identifying city badges. See asiaminorcoins.com - ancient coins of Aeolis


  • Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°12′N 26°42′E / 39.2°N 26.7°E / 39.2; 26.7

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolis — Please support Wikipedia.
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698 news items

Doctor Who UK Webzine

Doctor Who UK Webzine
Thu, 23 Jul 2015 10:26:15 -0700

The red mountain stretched into the vacant sky, its peak silhouetted against the fading Martian sun. Aeolis Mons, or Mount Sharp, sat in the centre of the lonely Gale Crater, its sedimentary dunes undisturbed by the footprint of man. Although the mount ...


Wed, 29 Jul 2015 02:35:26 -0700

Sie betonte, dass die Erhebung offiziell den Namen Aeolis Mons trage. Und jetzt, wo die Nasa-Sonde "New Horizons" den Pluto in nie gekannter Auflösung fotografiert hat, sind die Regeln auch wieder sehr streng. Neu entdeckte Formationen auf dem ...

Echo Examiner

Echo Examiner
Wed, 15 Jul 2015 15:02:01 -0700

Curiosity was launched from Cape Canaveral on November 26, 2011aboard the MSL spacecraft and landed on Aeolis Palus in Gale Crater on Mars on August 6, 2012. The rover's goals include: investigation of the Martian climate and geology; assessment of ...


Tue, 28 Jul 2015 00:06:48 -0700

Araç kiralamak çok mantıklı, günlük 40 euroya kiraladığınız arabayla tüm adayı gezebilirsiniz. Limandan başlayabilirsiniz yolculuğa. Otellerin kalitesi son derece yüksek. Aeolis Oteli özellikle tavsiye ediyorum. Yarım depo benzinle bütün yerleri gördüm ...


Discovery News
Tue, 16 Jul 2013 13:25:05 -0700

While analyzing an area inside Aeolis Dorsa, however, the researchers noticed a collection of inverted channels. On Mars, these raised ridges were likely caused by the deposition of rocks and other material by the flow of water down river channels ...


Universe Today
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 11:04:29 -0700

Scientists at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory have announced that the Mars Science Lab (MSL), Curiosity Rover, has reached the base of the central peak inside Gale Crater, Aeolis Mons also known as Mount Sharp. Mount Sharp is a prime objective of NASA's ...
Tue, 12 Jun 2012 02:44:41 -0700

The increased confidence means Curiosity can land closer to Aeolis Mons, without worry that it will strike the slope. That's assuming winds and other atmospheric conditions are as predicted, when the rover lands on Mars at about 05:30 UK time on 6 August.


Tue, 09 Dec 2014 08:35:24 -0800

Blick vom Mars-Rover Curiosity aus der Tiefebene des Gale-Krater auf den rund 5000 Meter hohen Aeolis Mons. Jüngste Aufnahmen des Gesteins legen nun nahe, dass der Krater früher von einem See bedeckt war, der nach und nach mit Sedimenten ...

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