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For the region of planet Mars, see Aeolis quadrangle.
Not to be confused with Aeolus.
Ancient Region of Anatolia
Aeolis (Αἰολίς)
Aeolian city of Smyrna
Location Western Anatolia
State existed: 8th-6th centuries BC (as Dodecapolis)
Language Aeolic Greek
Biggest city Smyrna
Roman province Asia
Location of Aeolis within Anatolia

Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (/ˈli.ə/; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.

Geography[edit]

Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.

History[edit]

Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.[1]

The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. [2]

Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.

Natives of Aeolis[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Herodotus. The Histories: 1.149.
  2. ^ Each of the cities minted coins in the own names, using different gods, animals and objects as identifying city badges. See asiaminorcoins.com - ancient coins of Aeolis

References[edit]

  • Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°12′N 26°42′E / 39.2°N 26.7°E / 39.2; 26.7


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolis — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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797 news items

NBCNews.com

Bustle
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 07:33:45 -0800

Curiosity has been traipsing (OK, more like slowly rolling) around the red planet since August 2012, when it landed on Aeolis Palus in Mars's Gale Crater. Since then it's been exploring different sites within the crater and sending back data to NASA ...

NBCNews.com

NBCNews.com
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 04:33:45 -0800

Two and a half years into its Mars mission, the six-wheeled, nuclear-powered robot is exploring Pahrump Hills, an outcrop at the base of 3-mile-high (5-kilometer-high) Mount Sharp, also known as Aeolis Mons. It's now getting ready to drill into bedrock ...

Alaska Highway News

Alaska Highway News
Tue, 24 Feb 2015 07:43:25 -0800

On Thursday, the B.C. Environmental Assessment Office announced that the Red Willow Wind Partnership Limited — a joint effort between Aeolis Wind Power Corporation and Boralex Inc. — had entered the environmental assessment process. This is a ...

reNews

reNews
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 11:30:00 -0800

Canadian developer Boralex has kicked off permitting for a 200MW wind project in the Peace River district, British Columbia. The up to 80-turbine Red Willow proposal is located on Crown land about 40km south-east of Tumbler Ridge and 30km from the ...

Ciel des Hommes

Ciel des Hommes
Sun, 08 Feb 2015 23:07:30 -0800

Cette image, prise en novembre dernier par le robot Curiosity, montre la formation Whale Rock rattachée à l'affleurement rocheux Pahrump Hills au pied du Mont Aeolis. On remarque aussi nettement une stratification entrecroisée probablement facilitée ...

Alaska Highway News

Alaska Highway News
Wed, 04 Feb 2015 19:13:47 -0800

Juergen Puetter, president of Aeolis Wind Power Corp. and CEO of Blue Fuel Energy Corp., has been quietly assembling a multibillion-dollar, two-phase plan to build a gasoline refinery in Chetwynd, followed by a methanol plant a couple of years later.

Science Recorder

Science Recorder
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 19:11:15 -0800

For the time being, Curiosity is also exploring the lower regions of Mount Sharp, also known as Aeolis Mons, which rises up from the floor of Gale Crater to a height of 18,000 feet (5.5 kilometers). The roving science lab has been investigating the ...

Guardian Liberty Voice

Guardian Liberty Voice
Mon, 09 Feb 2015 06:03:45 -0800

The rover landed the Aeolis Palus of gale Crater on August 6, of 2012. The rover has four categorical goals that include Biological, Planetary Process, surface radiation, and geological/geochemical. The Curiosity rover is supposed to determine the ...
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