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Ancient Region of Anatolia
Aeolis (Αἰολίς)
Aeolian city of Smyrna
Location Western Anatolia
State existed: 8th-6th centuries BC (as Dodecapolis)
Language Aeolic Greek
Biggest city Smyrna
Roman province Asia
Location of Aeolis within Anatolia

Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (/ˈli.ə/; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.

Geography[edit]

Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.

History[edit]

Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.[1]

The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. [2]

Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.

Natives of Aeolis[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Herodotus. The Histories: 1.149.
  2. ^ Each of the cities minted coins in the own names, using different gods, animals and objects as identifying city badges. See asiaminorcoins.com - ancient coins of Aeolis

References[edit]

  • Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolis — Please support Wikipedia.
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1238 videos foundNext > 

''AEOLIS'' Departure From Limnos' Port

Visit us: Blog: http://webgreekshipping.blogspot.gr/ You can see more photos about this ship here : http://www.flickr.com/photos/87292643@N04/sets/7215763176...

Aeolis Thassos Greece

Aeolis **** Thassos Greece.

Mer-A - Aeolis Mons

No Copyright intended, for promotional use only! If any upload shall be deleted, please contact me and it will be taken off straight away! Artist: VA; Album:...

AEOLIS PRESENTATION

HOTEL AEOLIS THASSOS PALACE.

Aeolis Hotel, Astris, Thassos Island, Greece

Aeolis Hotel, Astri, Thassos Island, Greece More info at: www.nikana.gr Aeolis Hotel, Astris: http://nikana.gr/index.php?option=com_jomres&Itemid=1&task=view...

Atomine Elektrine - Aeolis Mons

''AEOLIS'' Arrival At Ag.Efstratios' Port

Visit us: Blog : http://webgreekshipping.blogspot.gr/ You can see more photos about this ship in this port here : http://www.flickr.com/photos/87292643@N04/s...

Cultural activities Aeolis

cultural activities that Aeolis' students of Greek language attend throughout their Greek language course Skala Loutron MYTILENE www.aeolis.edu.gr.

Turnip King - Aeolis Summer 2013

"remember, below there's no sense to rush anymore, parasites divinely slip through with false dreams diluting your core... ...the babies need someone to rely...

Road to Mount Sharp (Aeolis Mons). Part 1: Sols 327-351

https://vk.com/curiosity_live https://www.facebook.com/CuriosityLive https://twitter.com/MSL_Curiosity http://zelenyikot.livejournal.com/

1238 videos foundNext > 

53 news items

The Slatest (blog)

The Slatest (blog)
Thu, 17 Apr 2014 04:34:41 -0700

The rover is still on its way to Mount Sharp, aka Aeolis Mons, its ultimate destination. It's already covered several kilometers of the trip. Amazing. I've had worse maps with me on trips, and here we are marking the exact location of a rover on ...

BBC News

BBC News
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 09:18:45 -0700

River channels at Aeolis Dorsa, near Gale Crater on Mars, interweave with impact craters, and it is the smallest of these craters that are key to the new findings. The craters sit within riverbeds thought to be about 3.6 billion years old. On planets ...
 
grenzwissenschaft-aktuell.de (Blog)
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 15:12:03 -0700

In ihrer Zuschrift machte uns die Mars-Enthusiastin auf Aufnahmen der sogenannten Mastcam aufmerksam, die der Rover am 530. Missionstag, also am 2. Januar 2014 (18:25:10 UTC) von seinem Forschungs- und Missionsziel, dem Zentralberg Aeolis Mons ...

ANINEWS

ANINEWS
Sun, 13 Apr 2014 22:37:30 -0700

Kite's team took a look at 319 craters in Aeolis Dorsa - a 3.6-billion-year-old region showing evidence of past rivers. The scientists found that the craters were formed when Mars had an atmospheric pressure of up to 0.9 bar, which is close to the ...
 
The Voice of Russia
Sat, 29 Mar 2014 23:28:31 -0700

Curiosity was launched from Cape Canaveral on November 26, 2011, at 10:02 EST aboard the MSL spacecraft and successfully landed on Aeolis Palus in Gale Crater on Mars on August 6, 2012, 05:17 UTC. The Bradbury Landing site was less than 2.4 km ...

Inventorspot

Inventorspot
Mon, 31 Mar 2014 20:11:15 -0700

Mount Sharp, also known as Aeolis Mons, will serve as Curiosity's new home for some time. There, it will investigate the geological history of the Red Planet. If that doesn't sound very exciting, consider the ultimate goal of this research: in ...

Ciel et Espace

Ciel et Espace
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 09:33:15 -0700

Après avoir fait route vers le sud-ouest pendant des semaines, le robot Curiosity fait une halte. Sur le trajet qui le conduit de son point d'atterrissage jusqu'à la base du mont Aeolis (ou Sharp), à l'intérieur du cratère Gale, il devrait rester ...

grenzwissenschaft-aktuell.de (Blog)

grenzwissenschaft-aktuell.de (Blog)
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 04:26:15 -0700

Grund für die Ortswahl der Forscher war der Umstand, dass sich in Aeolis Dorsa in zahlreiche Krater aus der Frühzeit des Mars zwischen Ablagerungen alter Flussbetten finden lassen und an vielerlei Orten diese Krater zudem teilweise von den Sedimenten ...
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