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For the region of planet Mars, see Aeolis quadrangle.
Not to be confused with Aeolus.
Ancient Region of Anatolia
Aeolis (Αἰολίς)
Aeolian city of Smyrna
Location Western Anatolia
State existed: 8th-6th centuries BC (as Dodecapolis)
Language Aeolic Greek
Biggest city Smyrna
Roman province Asia
Location of Aeolis within Anatolia

Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (/ˈli.ə/; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.


Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.


Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.[1]

The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. [2]

Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.

Natives of Aeolis[edit]


  1. ^ Herodotus. The Histories: 1.149.
  2. ^ Each of the cities minted coins in the own names, using different gods, animals and objects as identifying city badges. See asiaminorcoins.com - ancient coins of Aeolis


  • Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°12′N 26°42′E / 39.2°N 26.7°E / 39.2; 26.7

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolis — Please support Wikipedia.
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755 news items

Business in Vancouver
Tue, 10 Mar 2015 00:10:53 -0700

Juergen Puetter, founder of Aeolis Wind Power Corp. and Blue Fuel Energy, thinks the time is right to build a “renewable” gasoline plant and that Chetwynd – on the edge of B.C.'s prolific Montney gas fields – is the ideal spot for it. For one thing, B ...

Alaska Highway News

Alaska Highway News
Tue, 24 Feb 2015 07:43:25 -0800

On Thursday, the B.C. Environmental Assessment Office announced that the Red Willow Wind Partnership Limited — a joint effort between Aeolis Wind Power Corporation and Boralex Inc. — had entered the environmental assessment process. This is a ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 04:05:09 -0800

The site is close to the base of Mount Sharp, or Aeolis Mons as it is also known, a 18,000 feet peak that rises from the centre of the Gale crater. To the left of the rover, two small holes in the rock - each about 0.63 inches across - created by ...


Gizmodo India
Wed, 04 Mar 2015 00:37:30 -0800

The US space agency NASA's Curiosity rover, which had landed on Aeolis Palus in Gale Crater on Mars in 2012, remained in limelight for its activities on the Red Planet. It is back in news again, but this time because of its broken arm. NASA had ...
Sat, 07 Mar 2015 08:18:45 -0800

Curiosity will finish testing the remaining samples before heading to Mount Sharp, or also called Aeolis Mons. As of late, other parts of the rover are still working properly, including instruments attached to its mast, and tools used for environmental ...


Tue, 24 Mar 2015 12:36:49 -0700

La sonda Curiosity se lanzó de Cabo Cañaveral el 26 de noviembre del 2011 y llegó a la superficie marciana en Aeolis Palus, en el cráter Gale en Marte, el 6 de agosto del 2012. La precisión de la misión fue extraordinaria, pues el carrito robótico ...


Universe Today
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 11:04:29 -0700

Scientists at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory have announced that the Mars Science Lab (MSL), Curiosity Rover, has reached the base of the central peak inside Gale Crater, Aeolis Mons also known as Mount Sharp. Mount Sharp is a prime objective of NASA's ...


Discovery News
Tue, 16 Jul 2013 13:25:05 -0700

While analyzing an area inside Aeolis Dorsa, however, the researchers noticed a collection of inverted channels. On Mars, these raised ridges were likely caused by the deposition of rocks and other material by the flow of water down river channels ...

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