Not to be confused with Aeolus
Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (//; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.
Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.
Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.
According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.
In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.
The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. 
Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.
Natives of Aeolis
- Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006
Coordinates: 39°12′N 26°42′E / 39.2°N 26.7°E
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 08:43:16 -0700
They are the lowest exposed rocks of Mount Sharp - also known as Aeolis Mons - which Nasa is planning to send Curiosity up at some point. In the image the rover had recently completed a drive of about 75ft (23 metres) during its 949th day on Mars ...
Wed, 22 Apr 2015 11:56:15 -0700
Imaged on April 8, Curiosity can be seen working at the “Pahrump Hills” location at the base of Aeolis Mons (known as Mount Sharp, a 5.5 kilometer-high mountain in the center of Gale Crater). The region has proven itself to be a goldmine of geological ...
Wed, 01 Apr 2015 19:05:49 -0700
The ridges rise as high as 2.5 inches (6 centimeters) above the level of the bedrock at a site nicknamed Garland City, on the slopes of a 3-mile-high (5-kilometer-high) mountain known as Aeolis Mons or Mount Sharp. They're about an inch (3 centimeters) ...
Tech Gen Mag
Tech Gen Mag
Wed, 15 Apr 2015 07:00:41 -0700
NASA's Curiosity rover, which has been exploring the Martian surface since August 2012, has detected planetary conditions that suggest the presence of a transient “liquid brine” that appears on the surface at nighttime. This is a big finding for ...
The Planetary Society (blog)
The Planetary Society (blog)
Fri, 10 Apr 2015 17:43:25 -0700
Another test to diagnose the power issue is planned that afternoon, followed by ChemCam and Mastcam observations of targets dubbed "Ophir" and "Keetley," and a Navcam "movie" to search for clouds over Aeolis Mons ("Mt. Sharp"). On Sol 919, a Mastcam ...
Fri, 03 Apr 2015 12:48:19 -0700
That's the name scientists use for a geologically rich site on towering Mount Sharp (Aeolis Mons), a mountain that rises almost 3.5 miles off the Martian surface. A composite image of the veins was made by combining 28 separate photos taken on March 18 ...
Tue, 16 Jul 2013 13:25:05 -0700
While analyzing an area inside Aeolis Dorsa, however, the researchers noticed a collection of inverted channels. On Mars, these raised ridges were likely caused by the deposition of rocks and other material by the flow of water down river channels ...
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 11:04:29 -0700
Scientists at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory have announced that the Mars Science Lab (MSL), Curiosity Rover, has reached the base of the central peak inside Gale Crater, Aeolis Mons also known as Mount Sharp. Mount Sharp is a prime objective of NASA's ...
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