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For the region of planet Mars, see Aeolis quadrangle.
Not to be confused with Aeolus.
Ancient Region of Anatolia
Aeolis (Αἰολίς)
Aeolian city of Smyrna
Location Western Anatolia
State existed: 8th-6th centuries BC (as Dodecapolis)
Language Aeolic Greek
Biggest city Smyrna
Roman province Asia
Location of Aeolis within Anatolia

Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (/ˈli.ə/; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.

Geography[edit]

Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.

History[edit]

Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.[1]

The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. [2]

Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.

Natives of Aeolis[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Herodotus. The Histories: 1.149.
  2. ^ Each of the cities minted coins in the own names, using different gods, animals and objects as identifying city badges. See asiaminorcoins.com - ancient coins of Aeolis

References[edit]

  • Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°12′N 26°42′E / 39.2°N 26.7°E / 39.2; 26.7


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolis — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

89 news items

El Universal - Colombia

Sondas Espaciales
Sat, 13 Sep 2014 11:58:11 -0700

El rover Curiosity de la NASA ha alcanzado las faldas el monte Aeolis de Marte. El ascenso de Curiosity por la montaña comenzará con un examen de las laderas de la montaña. El rover ha comenzado este proceso por un punto de entrada cerca de un ...
 
Science 2.0
Fri, 19 Sep 2014 10:48:45 -0700

Both mechanisms imply that ILDs are composed of easily mobilized materials, providing possible predictions for the grain size and cementing characteristics of ILDs elsewhere on Mars, including Aeolis Mons at Gale Crater, a location that will soon be ...

National Geographic

National Geographic
Fri, 19 Sep 2014 09:07:30 -0700

Mars has a lot more in store for explorers. On the planet's surface, NASA's Curiosity rover has finally reached the foothills of Aeolis Mons, or Mount Sharp, after a two-year journey to the place that was the true target of the mission. Curiosity's ...

Reuters

The Weather Network
Thu, 11 Sep 2014 12:25:39 -0700

Thursday, September 11, 2014, 3:22 PM - Let the second wave of science begin! After over two years of driving on Mars, NASA's Curiosity rover has finally arrived at the base of Aeolis Mons (aka "Mt. Sharp"), the 5.5 kilometre-high mountain in the ...

Tech Times

Tech Times
Sun, 14 Sep 2014 04:26:15 -0700

11 that the Mars rover Curiosity has finally reached and is ready to climb Mount Sharp, also known as Aeolis Mons, where scientists expect it can shed more light on the Red Planet's history and find signs that Mars had once hosted life. Curiosity had ...

Fox News

The Weather Network
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 15:07:30 -0700

Last week, as NASA's Curiosity rover was forced to abandon plans to take a 'soft route' to its destination at the base of Aeolis Mons (or Mt. Sharp), the toll the Red Planet was taking on the robot explorer was really becoming apparent. After two Earth ...

USA TODAY

Universe Today
Tue, 09 Sep 2014 11:22:30 -0700

Close by the rover's is the terrain that proved far more challenging for mission planners than anticipated, and further in the distance you can see mountains — including the ultimate destination for this mission, Mount Sharp (Aeolis Mons). The ...
 
Codewit World News
Sun, 14 Sep 2014 04:33:11 -0700

According to an official press release two giant stone slabs the size of small elephants were located deep inside a cavern abutting Aeolis Mons, a large mountain. Upon one tablet is a copy of the Ten Commandments and the text of John 3:16 written in 12 ...
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