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For the region of planet Mars, see Aeolis quadrangle.
Not to be confused with Aeolus.
Ancient Region of Anatolia
Aeolis (Αἰολίς)
Aeolian city of Smyrna
Location Western Anatolia
State existed: 8th-6th centuries BC (as Dodecapolis)
Language Aeolic Greek
Biggest city Smyrna
Roman province Asia
Location of Aeolis within Anatolia

Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (/ˈli.ə/; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.

Geography[edit]

Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.

History[edit]

Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.[1]

The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. [2]

Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.

Natives of Aeolis[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Herodotus. The Histories: 1.149.
  2. ^ Each of the cities minted coins in the own names, using different gods, animals and objects as identifying city badges. See asiaminorcoins.com - ancient coins of Aeolis

References[edit]

  • Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°12′N 26°42′E / 39.2°N 26.7°E / 39.2; 26.7


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolis — Please support Wikipedia.
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158 news items

 
Spektrum der Wissenschaft (Abonnement)
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 06:12:28 -0700

September hämmerte der NASA-Rover Curiosity seinen Bohrmeißel 6,7 Zentimeter tief in einen Felsaustritt am Fuß von Mount Sharp, auch Aeolis Mons genannt, dem eigentlichen wissenschaftlichen Ziel des Fahrzeugs. Die Gesteinsprobe befindet sich nun ...

Tech Times

Tech Times
Mon, 29 Sep 2014 05:00:00 -0700

It was certainly a long and rough ride for Mars rover Curiosity before it finally arrived on Mount Sharp (Aeolis Mons), where scientists hope it could gather crucial data that will reveal the history of Mars and possibly even provide evidence that life ...

El Universal - Colombia

Sondas Espaciales
Sat, 13 Sep 2014 11:53:14 -0700

El rover Curiosity de la NASA ha alcanzado las faldas el monte Aeolis de Marte. El ascenso de Curiosity por la montaña comenzará con un examen de las laderas de la montaña. El rover ha comenzado este proceso por un punto de entrada cerca de un ...

Reuters

The Weather Network
Thu, 11 Sep 2014 12:25:39 -0700

Thursday, September 11, 2014, 3:22 PM - Let the second wave of science begin! After over two years of driving on Mars, NASA's Curiosity rover has finally arrived at the base of Aeolis Mons (aka "Mt. Sharp"), the 5.5 kilometre-high mountain in the ...
 
Universe Today
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 08:09:47 -0700

Curiosity is now at the base of Mount Sharp (Aeolis Mons) — its main science goal — and scientists are hoping to find more signs of habitable environments as the rover slowly prepares for the climb up the slope. Mission managers will need to be ...

RT

Universe Today
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 11:04:29 -0700

Scientists at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory have announced that the Mars Science Lab (MSL), Curiosity Rover, has reached the base of the central peak inside Gale Crater, Aeolis Mons also known as Mount Sharp. Mount Sharp is a prime objective of NASA's ...
 
Science 2.0
Fri, 19 Sep 2014 10:48:45 -0700

Both mechanisms imply that ILDs are composed of easily mobilized materials, providing possible predictions for the grain size and cementing characteristics of ILDs elsewhere on Mars, including Aeolis Mons at Gale Crater, a location that will soon be ...

National Geographic

National Geographic
Fri, 19 Sep 2014 09:17:31 -0700

Mars has a lot more in store for explorers. On the planet's surface, NASA's Curiosity rover has finally reached the foothills of Aeolis Mons, or Mount Sharp, after a two-year journey to the place that was the true target of the mission. Curiosity's ...
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