digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















For the region of planet Mars, see Aeolis quadrangle.
Not to be confused with Aeolus.
Ancient Region of Anatolia
Aeolis (Αἰολίς)
Aeolian city of Smyrna
Location Western Anatolia
State existed: 8th-6th centuries BC (as Dodecapolis)
Language Aeolic Greek
Biggest city Smyrna
Roman province Asia
Location of Aeolis within Anatolia

Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (/ˈli.ə/; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.


Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.


Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.[1]

The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. [2]

Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.

Natives of Aeolis[edit]


  1. ^ Herodotus. The Histories: 1.149.
  2. ^ Each of the cities minted coins in the own names, using different gods, animals and objects as identifying city badges. See asiaminorcoins.com - ancient coins of Aeolis


  • Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°12′N 26°42′E / 39.2°N 26.7°E / 39.2; 26.7

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolis — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1152 news items

Discovery News

Discovery News
Mon, 01 Feb 2016 10:50:26 -0800

PHOTOS: The Mysteries Behind the Dunes of Mars. This dune is part of the “Bagnold Dune Field” that can be found along the northwestern slopes of Aeolis Mons — the 3.4 mile-high mountain informally known as “Mount Sharp,” in the center of Gale Crater.

übergizmo.de (Blog)

übergizmo.de (Blog)
Wed, 10 Feb 2016 03:48:45 -0800

In unmittelbarer Nähe entdeckt man die Namib-Düne mit dem Mons Aeolis (Mount Sharp) direkt gegenüber. Den charakteristisch gezeichneten Untergrund deuten die Wissenschaftler als Zeichen für die Existenz ehemaliger Fuss-Deltan. Insgesamt zählt die ...

Terra Brasil

Terra Brasil
Wed, 10 Feb 2016 06:26:15 -0800

O veículo opera desde agosto, quando pousou com sucesso numa região conhecida como Aeolis Palus, na cratera Gale. Desde então, vem ajudando os cientistas a decifrar o Planeta Vermelho; em setembro passado ele detectou a presença de água.


Tue, 09 Feb 2016 03:03:45 -0800

La clip è stata filmata il 18 dicembre scorso, durante il 1.197esimo sol della missione del rover su Marte, più precisamente nell'area della duna Namib. Il punto di osservazione permette di scrutare, all'orizzonte, il Monte Sharp (ufficialmente Aeolis ...


Tue, 12 Jun 2012 02:44:41 -0700

Nasa has significantly narrowed the target landing zone for its Curiosity Mars rover, so it will drop much closer to its mission destination: the Aeolis Mons mountain. "We're trimming the distance we'll have to drive after landing by almost half," said ...

The Daily Galaxy (blog)

The Daily Galaxy (blog)
Thu, 16 Aug 2012 09:30:49 -0700

But the Curiosity's ultimate destination is the 5.5-kilometre-high Aeolis Mons, dubbed Mount Sharp (image above) by the science team. Data from orbiting spacecraft suggest that deposits on the mountain's lower shoulders were formed in water, which ...

Discovery News

Discovery News
Tue, 16 Jul 2013 13:25:05 -0700

While analyzing an area inside Aeolis Dorsa, however, the researchers noticed a collection of inverted channels. On Mars, these raised ridges were likely caused by the deposition of rocks and other material by the flow of water down river channels ...

European Space Agency

European Space Agency
Thu, 28 Jun 2007 03:24:12 -0700

The High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board Mars Express has provided snapshots of the Aeolis Mensae region. This area, well known for its wind-eroded features, lies on a tectonic transition zone, characterised by incised valleys and unexplained ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight