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For the region of planet Mars, see Aeolis quadrangle.
Not to be confused with Aeolus.
Ancient Region of Anatolia
Aeolis (Αἰολίς)
Aeolian city of Smyrna
Location Western Anatolia
State existed: 8th-6th centuries BC (as Dodecapolis)
Language Aeolic Greek
Biggest city Smyrna
Roman province Asia
Location of Aeolis within Anatolia

Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (/ˈli.ə/; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.

Geography[edit]

Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.

History[edit]

Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.[1]

The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. [2]

Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.

Natives of Aeolis[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Herodotus. The Histories: 1.149.
  2. ^ Each of the cities minted coins in the own names, using different gods, animals and objects as identifying city badges. See asiaminorcoins.com - ancient coins of Aeolis

References[edit]

  • Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°12′N 26°42′E / 39.2°N 26.7°E / 39.2; 26.7


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolis — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

38 news items

Astrobiology Magazine (press release) (blog)

Astrobiology Magazine (press release) (blog)
Mon, 27 Oct 2014 07:29:07 -0700

Curiosity is now preparing to ascend its prime target — Mount Sharp (Aeolis Mons). NASA isn't going to stop there, however. The agency is readying a successor rover to follow on the heels of Curiosity. Mars 2020, as it's currently called, will have ...
 
The Planetary Society (blog)
Tue, 07 Oct 2014 10:04:12 -0700

ISRO has released a second global image of Mars from the Mars Colour Camera on Mars Orbiter Mission, and just below the center of it is Gale crater, home to Curiosity. Gale is easy to spot from its very dark floor forming two horns that cradle Gale's ...
 
The Planetary Society (blog)
Mon, 29 Sep 2014 15:58:16 -0700

Emily: Aeolis Mons is a mud volcano formed by geothermal activities long after Gale crater was formed. The material at Pahrump Hills is from Aeolis Mons, However, it is not the base of the mountain but material that has cascaded from the slopes either ...

Diario Metro de Puerto Rico

Diario Metro de Puerto Rico
Thu, 11 Sep 2014 14:05:12 -0700

La agencia espacial estadounidense anunció el jueves que la sonda ha llegado a la base de Aeolis Mons, su destino desde que aterrizó hace dos años. Los funcionarios dijeron que la perforación podría comenzar a partir de la próxima semana en un grupo ...
 
Universe Today
Mon, 06 Oct 2014 06:52:30 -0700

This on is on Sol (Mars day) 85, post landing, showing Curiosity with its destination – Aeolis Mons (Mt. Sharp) in the background. (Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/Ken Kremer/Marco Di Lorenzo, “Curiosity Celebrates 90 Sols Scooping Mars and Snapping ...
 
Universe Today
Thu, 09 Oct 2014 06:57:53 -0700

After a couple of years of racing towards Mount Sharp (Aeolis Mons), now it's time for the Curiosity rover to get a better look at its Martian surroundings. The rover has reached its stated science destination and mission planners say now is the time ...

Mars Society

Mars Society
Sun, 19 Oct 2014 18:05:24 -0700

gale448 Der Curiosity-Rover der NASA hat im September 2014 den in der Mitte des ausgedehnten Gale-Kraters gelegenen 5,5 km hohen Berg Aeolis Mons („mons“ = lateinisch für „Berg“) erreicht und damit zugleich den langfristigen Bestimmungsort der ...

Lidovky.cz

Lidovky.cz
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 14:56:15 -0700

Nejnovější robot Curiosity zkoumá nyní kráter Gale a vědci se těší na výzkum hory Aeolis Mons (pracovně známé též Mount Sharp). Hledá zajímavé kameny a poskytuje informace, zda prostředí na Marsu podporovalo život alespoň v minulosti. Všechny tyto ...
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