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For the region of planet Mars, see Aeolis quadrangle.
Not to be confused with Aeolus.
Ancient Region of Anatolia
Aeolis (Αἰολίς)
Aeolian city of Smyrna
Location Western Anatolia
State existed: 8th-6th centuries BC (as Dodecapolis)
Language Aeolic Greek
Biggest city Smyrna
Roman province Asia
Location of Aeolis within Anatolia

Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (/ˈli.ə/; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.

Geography[edit]

Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.

History[edit]

Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.[1]

The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. [2]

Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.

Natives of Aeolis[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Herodotus. The Histories: 1.149.
  2. ^ Each of the cities minted coins in the own names, using different gods, animals and objects as identifying city badges. See asiaminorcoins.com - ancient coins of Aeolis

References[edit]

  • Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°12′N 26°42′E / 39.2°N 26.7°E / 39.2; 26.7


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolis — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

697 news items

 
Alaska Highway News
Fri, 28 Aug 2015 08:45:00 -0700

The Red Willow Power Corporation, the ownership group for the project, consists of shareholders from Quebec-based Boralex Inc. and Aeolis Wind Power Corporation. Aeolis is also a sister company to Blue Fuel Energy, proponents of a large natural ...

GeekWire

GeekWire
Tue, 25 Aug 2015 14:39:18 -0700

For example, the mountain being explored by the Curiosity rover on Mars is known more widely as Mount Sharp (NASA's unofficial name) than as Aeolis Mons (the IAU's official name). And the features on Curiosity's route, such as Yellowknife Bay and ...

reNews

reNews
Thu, 27 Aug 2015 06:52:30 -0700

Canadian developer Boralex aims to wrap up environmental fieldwork this fall for a 200MW wind project in British Columbia. Boralex proposes to build up to 80 2MW to 3MW turbines on ridgelines in the Peace River region. The Red Willow wind farm, which ...

Nature.com

Nature.com
Mon, 17 Aug 2015 08:03:31 -0700

Intriguingly, the model used by Foreman et al. for maintenance of submarine channels, and corresponding restriction of braiding, has analogies with a formation model postulated for the spectacular Aeolis Dorsa meanders on Mars. Reduced gravity — due ...

Tech Times

Tech Times
Sun, 16 Aug 2015 04:13:49 -0700

The spacecraft landed in the Aeolis Palus in Mars on Aug. 6, 2012. The Bradbury Landing area was less than 1.5 miles from the middle of the Curiosity Rover's touchdown target. The development of the Curiosity Rover is geared towards various objectives, ...

Doctor Who UK Webzine

Doctor Who UK Webzine
Thu, 23 Jul 2015 10:26:15 -0700

The red mountain stretched into the vacant sky, its peak silhouetted against the fading Martian sun. Aeolis Mons, or Mount Sharp, sat in the centre of the lonely Gale Crater, its sedimentary dunes undisturbed by the footprint of man. Although the mount ...

autoevolution

autoevolution
Tue, 25 Aug 2015 02:33:45 -0700

A brief history: Curiosity was launched from Cape Canaveral on November 26, 2011 aboard the MSL spacecraft and landed on Aeolis Palus in Gale Crater on Mars on August 6, 2012. It has already investigated four different sites and has reached the fifth, ...

GeekWire

GeekWire
Tue, 04 Aug 2015 10:24:24 -0700

Vasavada still ranks that find as the mission's top achievement – but now that Curiosity is finally making its way up a 3-mile-high peak known as Aeolis Mons or Mount Sharp, he and his colleagues are filling out an even bigger picture. Curiosity is ...
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