Not to be confused with Aeolus
Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.
Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.
Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.
According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.
In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.
The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. 
Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.
Natives of Aeolis
- Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006
Coordinates: 39°12′N 26°42′E / 39.2°N 26.7°E
Mon, 29 Feb 2016 04:11:15 -0800
The image was taken by ESA's Mars Express on 7 July 2015 and covers part of the Aeolis Mensae region. It straddles the transitional region between the southern hemisphere highlands and the smooth, northern hemisphere lowlands. Several fracture zones ...
Tue, 26 Apr 2016 12:52:30 -0700
The crater is some 3.5-3.8 billion years old, and it forms part of the northwestern part of the Aeolis quadrangle on the planet's surface. Speaking with New Scientist magazine, Agnès Cousin of the Research Institute in Astrophysics and Planetology in ...
The Planetary Society (blog)
Wed, 13 Apr 2016 13:03:22 -0700
Early on the morning of Sol 1308, the Right Mastcam will acquire a mosaic of the north side of Aeolis Mons ("Mt. Sharp"). Later that morning, Navcam will search for clouds and dust devils, and Mastcam will image the crater rim to determine how much ...
Wed, 30 Mar 2016 12:15:19 -0700
The Martian was only a movie, but the blowing sand that drove the plot really does influence Mars today—and is now a source of intrigue for scientists studying the planet. Investigators with NASA's Curiosity rover are exploring the planet's dark sand ...
Fri, 01 Apr 2016 11:01:36 -0700
The footprint shows up near the Aeolis quadrangle on Mars. Among all the controversy, one of the most significant is the bare footprint itself. “Certainly a human footprint on Mars raises thousands of questions,” says Wyatt Aminutte, a phenomenon ...
The Globe and Mail
Wed, 30 Mar 2016 16:02:40 -0700
They include Aeolis Wind Power, Canadian Electric Vehicles Ltd. the B.C. Bionergy Network and Modo Car Co-op. Even with a series of increases to carbon fuel taxes, the advisory committee estimated that B.C. still won't meet its target of a one-third ...
Tue, 12 Jun 2012 02:44:41 -0700
Nasa has significantly narrowed the target landing zone for its Curiosity Mars rover, so it will drop much closer to its mission destination: the Aeolis Mons mountain. "We're trimming the distance we'll have to drive after landing by almost half," said ...
European Space Agency
European Space Agency
Thu, 28 Jun 2007 03:24:12 -0700
The High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board Mars Express has provided snapshots of the Aeolis Mensae region. This area, well known for its wind-eroded features, lies on a tectonic transition zone, characterised by incised valleys and unexplained ...
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