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For the region of planet Mars, see Aeolis quadrangle.
Not to be confused with Aeolus.
Ancient Region of Anatolia
Aeolis (Αἰολίς)
Aeolian city of Smyrna
Location Western Anatolia
State existed: 8th-6th centuries BC (as Dodecapolis)
Language Aeolic Greek
Biggest city Smyrna
Roman province Asia
Location of Aeolis within Anatolia

Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (/ˈli.ə/; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.

Geography[edit]

Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.

History[edit]

Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.[1]

The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. [2]

Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.

Natives of Aeolis[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Herodotus. The Histories: 1.149.
  2. ^ Each of the cities minted coins in the own names, using different gods, animals and objects as identifying city badges. See asiaminorcoins.com - ancient coins of Aeolis

References[edit]

  • Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°12′N 26°42′E / 39.2°N 26.7°E / 39.2; 26.7


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolis — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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739 news items

Zee News

Zee News
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 22:22:30 -0800

New Delhi: NASA's Mars rover Curiosity has now resumed work after a brief pause to upgrade its software and is now back to work of drilling into Martian soil. Earlier this month, Mars rover drilled into a crystal-rich rock called "Mojave" at Gale ...

Times Colonist

Times Colonist
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 02:45:54 -0800

Puetter, who is chief executive of Aeolis Wind Power and Canadian Methanol Corporation, believes the investment capital is out there. “I don't believe that's a problem,” he said in an interview. “And I think we can do it locally.” By locally he means ...

Microfinance Monitor

Microfinance Monitor
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 23:52:30 -0800

Earlier, the rover had explored the lower regions of Mount Sharp known as Aeolis Mons and in December finished the task of finding carbon-containing compounds and spurts of methane gas in Gale. NASA team has also checked wear and tear on the rover's ...
 
Big News Network.com
Fri, 09 Jan 2015 10:22:30 -0800

WASHINGTON -- On Thursday, the daily high temperature at Gale Crater -- a depression in the northwestern portion of Mars' Aeolis quadrangle -- climbed to negative 8 degrees Celsius (17.6 degrees Fahrenheit). It was like a sauna for the Mars rover ...

Christian Science Monitor

Science Recorder
Mon, 05 Jan 2015 11:18:45 -0800

In March 2013, it uncovered evidence of a lake bed that NASA is calling “Yellowknife Bay” that could have once harbored microbes. But those were all pit stops along the way to Mount Sharp, according to a Fox News report. Officially known as Aeolis Mons ...

The Weather Network

The Weather Network
Thu, 15 Jan 2015 09:43:36 -0800

A couple of Sols ago, the rover put drill-bit to stone while conducting science at Pahrump Hills, along the base of Aeolis Mons (aka 'Mt. Sharp'), while attempting to extract a sample for analysis from a rock named 'Mojave'. However, rather than ...

Delhi Daily News

Delhi Daily News
Fri, 30 Jan 2015 00:26:15 -0800

Earlier this month, Curiosity rover drilled into a crystal-rich rock called "Mojave" at Gale Crater on Mars to find out salt mineral left behind when lake water evaporated. Currently, the rover is exploring the lower regions of Mount Sharp known as ...
 
CJDC
Tue, 13 Jan 2015 18:48:45 -0800

Big news is developing along a coast close to home: According to President of Aeolis Wind Power Corp. and CEO of Blue Fuel Energy Juergen Puetter, Chetwynd could be the selected spot for a two-phase, multi-billion dollar gasoline refinery and methanol ...
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