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For the region of planet Mars, see Aeolis quadrangle.
Not to be confused with Aeolus.
Ancient Region of Anatolia
Aeolis (Αἰολίς)
Aeolian city of Smyrna
Location Western Anatolia
State existed: 8th-6th centuries BC (as Dodecapolis)
Language Aeolic Greek
Biggest city Smyrna
Roman province Asia
Location of Aeolis within Anatolia

Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (/ˈli.ə/; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.


Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.


Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.[1]

The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. [2]

Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.

Natives of Aeolis[edit]


  1. ^ Herodotus. The Histories: 1.149.
  2. ^ Each of the cities minted coins in the own names, using different gods, animals and objects as identifying city badges. See asiaminorcoins.com - ancient coins of Aeolis


  • Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°12′N 26°42′E / 39.2°N 26.7°E / 39.2; 26.7

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolis — Please support Wikipedia.
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716 news items


Mon, 09 Nov 2015 04:52:22 -0800

The image was taken while Curiosity was within the Pahrump Hills on the floor of Gale Crater, which is within the what's known as the Aeolis Quadrangle on Mars. The crater itself, by the way, is 96 miles (154 km) wide. At the time this image was ...


Mon, 23 Nov 2015 02:52:30 -0800

Směr jízdy však není náhodný, protože vozítko se musí vyhýbat oblasti obřích černých dun, které mu stojí v cestě do svahů velké hory Aeolis Mons uvnitř kráteru. Tato obří kupa naplavenin je vůbec to nejzajímavější, kvůli čemu se v kráteru původně ...


Thu, 26 Nov 2015 02:52:30 -0800

Questa cartolina dal pianeta rosso mostra le colline alla base del monte Sharp, conosciuto anche come Aeolis Mons, al centro del cratere Gale, dove è sbarcato il rover. Il panorama ricorda molti paesaggi terrestri, tanto che potrebbe essere ...


Mon, 05 Oct 2015 10:52:47 -0700

Mount Sharp A.K.A. Aeolis Mons, da's z'n officiële naam, is 5 km hoog en hij is opgebouwd uit diverse sedimentslagen, waar de wetenschappers komende jaren graag in willen boren. Op 29 september heeft Curiosity al een gat geboord, het achtste gat in z'n ...


Tue, 12 Jun 2012 02:44:41 -0700

Nasa has significantly narrowed the target landing zone for its Curiosity Mars rover, so it will drop much closer to its mission destination: the Aeolis Mons mountain. "We're trimming the distance we'll have to drive after landing by almost half," said ...

Science Magazine

Science Magazine
Thu, 08 Oct 2015 11:21:09 -0700

4Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of California–Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA. 5Department of Geological Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA. 6Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University ...

Discovery News

Discovery News
Tue, 16 Jul 2013 13:25:05 -0700

While analyzing an area inside Aeolis Dorsa, however, the researchers noticed a collection of inverted channels. On Mars, these raised ridges were likely caused by the deposition of rocks and other material by the flow of water down river channels ...

The Daily Galaxy (blog)

The Daily Galaxy (blog)
Thu, 16 Aug 2012 09:30:49 -0700

But the Curiosity's ultimate destination is the 5.5-kilometre-high Aeolis Mons, dubbed Mount Sharp (image above) by the science team. Data from orbiting spacecraft suggest that deposits on the mountain's lower shoulders were formed in water, which ...

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