Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (//; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.
Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.
Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.
According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.
In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.
The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. 
Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.
Natives of Aeolis
- Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006
Fri, 07 Mar 2014 21:03:45 -0800
The 5.5 kilometer high peak of Mount Sharp, also known as Aeolis Mons, is on the horizon, its base a destination for Curiosity. In the foreground are rows of striated rocks along the Junda outcrop. Centered toward the south-southeast the scene spans ...
Wed, 05 Mar 2014 06:15:00 -0800
The IAU, for example, has officially named the 18,000 foot (5.5 km) peak at the center of Gale Crater as "Aeolis Mons." NASA however, more often refers to the same feature as "Mount Sharp" when describing its Curiosity Mars rover's target. The space ...
Guardian Liberty Voice
Guardian Liberty Voice
Mon, 03 Mar 2014 19:22:30 -0800
Based on evidence from the Curiosity rover as recent as December, 2013, which studied Aeolis Palus, the Gale Crater appeared to have contained an ancient fresh water lake, which might have been a life-friendly environment. Innumerable lines of evidence ...
Fri, 28 Feb 2014 06:35:38 -0800
Curiosity drove through Dingo Gap on its way to a 3-mile-high mountain called Aeolis Mons or Mount Sharp. NASA via Reuters. 12. Two small satellites are ejected into orbit from a launcher that's attached to the robotic arm on the International Space ...
Thu, 13 Feb 2014 00:03:19 -0800
Curiosity rover successfully landed on Aeolis Palus in Gale Crater on Mars on August 6, 2012 to determine habitable zones on the surface of the Red Planet. Curiosity is currently headed for a target site called the "KMS-9" which is surrounded by terrains.
Mon, 03 Mar 2014 00:48:45 -0800
Zielstrebig ist der NASA-Rover Curiosity auf dem Mars weiter unterwegs in Richtung Aeolis Mons, wo er die Bodenbeschaffenheit untersuchen soll. Nun hat er den Berg mit einer weiteren Panoramaaufnahme in Szene gesetzt.
Fri, 28 Feb 2014 06:47:22 -0800
Az egyik, február 19-én készült kép előterében egy sor szikla látható, míg a messzeségben az Aeolis (Sharp-hegy) magasodik. Az 5,5 kilométer magas hegy lába a Curiosity végső célpontja, melyet a küldetés irányításában részt vevő tudósok szerint az év ...
Wed, 12 Feb 2014 11:45:46 -0800
... Geologen leider keine Zeit zur Verfügung, denn der Rover soll seine Fahrt auch weiterhin möglichst zügig fortsetzten und sich dabei der Basis des im Inneren des Gale-Kraters gelegenen und etwa 5.500 Meter hohen Zentralberges Aeolis Mons nähern.
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