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For the region of planet Mars, see Aeolis quadrangle.
Not to be confused with Aeolus.
Ancient Region of Anatolia
Aeolis (Αἰολίς)
Aeolian city of Smyrna
Location Western Anatolia
State existed: 8th-6th centuries BC (as Dodecapolis)
Language Aeolic Greek
Biggest city Smyrna
Roman province Asia
Location of Aeolis within Anatolia

Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (/ˈli.ə/; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.

Geography[edit]

Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.

History[edit]

Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.[1]

The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. [2]

Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.

Natives of Aeolis[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Herodotus. The Histories: 1.149.
  2. ^ Each of the cities minted coins in the own names, using different gods, animals and objects as identifying city badges. See asiaminorcoins.com - ancient coins of Aeolis

References[edit]

  • Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolis — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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37 news items

NBCNews.com

The Weather Network
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 15:07:30 -0700

Last week, as NASA's Curiosity rover was forced to abandon plans to take a 'soft route' to its destination at the base of Aeolis Mons (or Mt. Sharp), the toll the Red Planet was taking on the robot explorer was really becoming apparent. After two Earth ...

Slate Magazine (blog)

Slate Magazine (blog)
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 08:47:09 -0700

But the Curiosity rover recently celebrated its second year on Mars (which is really just over one Martian year on Mars). It's still rolling along—literally—heading for its ultimate target: Aeolis Mons, aka Mount Sharp, the 5.5 kilometer-high peak in ...

The Space Review

The Space Review
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 15:20:31 -0700

Two years after its landing, NASA's Curiosity Mars rover is perhaps the most chronicled mission ever to the Red Planet. From the “Seven Minutes of Terror” leadup to its landing, through the landing itself, and the rover's scientific trek towards Aeolis ...
 
Discovery News
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 16:49:45 -0700

In this scene, Curiosity appears to be leaning its "head" -- a suite of instruments including the Chemcam (the laser "eye") and Mastcam cameras -- to the side, capturing the 5 kilometer-high Aeolis Mons (a.k.a. "Mount Sharp") on the horizon. The self ...
 
iDNES.cz
Wed, 06 Aug 2014 09:18:45 -0700

Strava: All inclusive – snídaně, obědy a večeře formou bufetu, svačiny v průběhu dne, zmrzlina. Neomezená konzumace místních alkoholických a nealkoholických nápojů (10:00–22:30). Popis lokality ubytování. Poloha: Moderně zrekonstruovaný hotel ve ...

NBCNews.com

NBCNews.com
Tue, 05 Aug 2014 16:07:29 -0700

That big moment has everything to do with the 3-mile-high (5-kilometer-high) mountain that Curiosity is just now nearing — known as Aeolis Mons or Mount Sharp. The mountain's layers of rock appear to record billions of years' worth of the planet's ...

French Tribune

French Tribune
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 04:30:10 -0700

NASA's Curiosity rover was launched from Cape Canaveral on November 26, 2011, and it landed on Aeolis Palus in Gale Crater on Mars on August 6, 2012. Curiosity completed its first Martian year -- 687 Earth days -- on June 24. The rover has so far taken ...

Science Codex

Science Codex
Fri, 01 Aug 2014 06:00:36 -0700

In either case, these examples in Valles Marineris indicate that the current form of layered deposits of similar morphology on Mars, such as Aeolis Mons in Gale Crate, under-represents their total depositional volume and likely the global sedimentary ...
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