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For the region of planet Mars, see Aeolis quadrangle.
Not to be confused with Aeolus.
Ancient Region of Anatolia
Aeolis (Αἰολίς)
Aeolian city of Smyrna
Location Western Anatolia
State existed: 8th-6th centuries BC (as Dodecapolis)
Language Aeolic Greek
Biggest city Smyrna
Roman province Asia
Location of Aeolis within Anatolia

Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (/ˈli.ə/; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.

Geography[edit]

Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.

History[edit]

Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.[1]

The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. [2]

Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.

Natives of Aeolis[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Herodotus. The Histories: 1.149.
  2. ^ Each of the cities minted coins in the own names, using different gods, animals and objects as identifying city badges. See asiaminorcoins.com - ancient coins of Aeolis

References[edit]

  • Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°12′N 26°42′E / 39.2°N 26.7°E / 39.2; 26.7


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolis — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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789 news items

Estes Park Trail-Gazette

Estes Park Trail-Gazette
Sat, 20 Dec 2014 16:22:30 -0800

... and physics. Working as a successful composer she's enjoyed readings by the Meadows Symphony Orchestra, Voices of Change, UT Symphony Orchestra, Aeolis Quartet, Interlochen Quartet, Interlochen Ensemble, Three Play, and Vivant Philharmonia.

derStandard.at

derStandard.at
Tue, 09 Dec 2014 08:35:24 -0800

Blick vom Mars-Rover Curiosity aus der Tiefebene des Gale-Krater auf den rund 5000 Meter hohen Aeolis Mons. Jüngste Aufnahmen des Gesteins legen nun nahe, dass der Krater früher von einem See bedeckt war, der nach und nach mit Sedimenten ...

Sky & Telescope

Sky & Telescope
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 12:55:46 -0800

Mission scientists also waited until the rover took a bite out of Confidence Hills at the base of Aeolis Mons this past September. That assay turned up no organic detection — the positive finding was unique to Cumberland. The compound SAM identified ...

WDDE 91.1 FM | Delaware's NPR News station

spectroscopyNOW.com
Sun, 14 Dec 2014 18:03:45 -0800

The crater lies near the northwestern part of the Aeolis quadrangle and is 154 kilometres in diameter and estimated to be approximately 3.5 to 3.8 billion years old. At its heart sits a mountain 5.5 km high - Aeolis Mons - comprising layered materials ...

New York Times

New York Times
Mon, 08 Dec 2014 15:17:37 -0800

Officially, the name is Aeolis Mons, but mission scientists call it Mount Sharp in homage to Robert P. Sharp, a prominent geologist and Mars expert at the California Institute of Technology who died in 2004. On Earth, mountains rise out of volcanic ...

Washington Times

Washington Times
Wed, 26 Nov 2014 11:18:50 -0800

The outcrop lies at the base of Aeolis Mons, a Mount Rainier-sized peak rising from the center of the crater where the rover first touched down. The Pahrump Hills offer scientists their “first taste” of that mountain, Stack Morgan said. “It's pretty ...
 
Spektrum der Wissenschaft (Abonnement)
Wed, 10 Dec 2014 02:56:38 -0800

Der US-Marsrover Curiosity fotografierte am Fuß des rund fünf Kilometer hohen Aeolis Mons fein geschichtete Gesteinslagen, die in einem stehenden Gewässer über einen längeren Zeitraum hinweg abgelagert wurden. Die Sedimentgesteine befinden sich ...

Fox News Latino

forcespenpals.co.uk
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 06:48:45 -0800

According to recent reports from the American space agency, its Curiosity rover, which has been scouring the surface of the red planet all on its own for over two years since touching down in on Aeolis Palus in Gale Crater on August 6th 2012, may have ...
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