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For the region of planet Mars, see Aeolis quadrangle.
Not to be confused with Aeolus.
Ancient Region of Anatolia
Aeolis (Αἰολίς)
Aeolian city of Smyrna
Location Western Anatolia
State existed: 8th-6th centuries BC (as Dodecapolis)
Language Aeolic Greek
Biggest city Smyrna
Roman province Asia
Location of Aeolis within Anatolia

Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (/ˈli.ə/; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.

Geography[edit]

Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.

History[edit]

Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.[1]

The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. [2]

Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.

Natives of Aeolis[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Herodotus. The Histories: 1.149.
  2. ^ Each of the cities minted coins in the own names, using different gods, animals and objects as identifying city badges. See asiaminorcoins.com - ancient coins of Aeolis

References[edit]

  • Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°12′N 26°42′E / 39.2°N 26.7°E / 39.2; 26.7


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolis — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1613 news items

Phys.Org

Phys.Org
Mon, 29 Feb 2016 04:11:15 -0800

The image was taken by ESA's Mars Express on 7 July 2015 and covers part of the Aeolis Mensae region. It straddles the transitional region between the southern hemisphere highlands and the smooth, northern hemisphere lowlands. Several fracture zones ...

Digital Journal

Digital Journal
Tue, 26 Apr 2016 12:52:30 -0700

The crater is some 3.5-3.8 billion years old, and it forms part of the northwestern part of the Aeolis quadrangle on the planet's surface. Speaking with New Scientist magazine, Agnès Cousin of the Research Institute in Astrophysics and Planetology in ...
 
The Planetary Society (blog)
Wed, 13 Apr 2016 13:03:22 -0700

Early on the morning of Sol 1308, the Right Mastcam will acquire a mosaic of the north side of Aeolis Mons ("Mt. Sharp"). Later that morning, Navcam will search for clouds and dust devils, and Mastcam will image the crater rim to determine how much ...

Science Magazine

Science Magazine
Wed, 30 Mar 2016 12:15:19 -0700

The Martian was only a movie, but the blowing sand that drove the plot really does influence Mars today—and is now a source of intrigue for scientists studying the planet. Investigators with NASA's Curiosity rover are exploring the planet's dark sand ...

Footwear News

Footwear News
Fri, 01 Apr 2016 11:01:36 -0700

The footprint shows up near the Aeolis quadrangle on Mars. Among all the controversy, one of the most significant is the bare footprint itself. “Certainly a human footprint on Mars raises thousands of questions,” says Wyatt Aminutte, a phenomenon ...

The Globe and Mail

Revelstoke Review
Wed, 30 Mar 2016 16:02:40 -0700

They include Aeolis Wind Power, Canadian Electric Vehicles Ltd. the B.C. Bionergy Network and Modo Car Co-op. Even with a series of increases to carbon fuel taxes, the advisory committee estimated that B.C. still won't meet its target of a one-third ...

Wired.co.uk

Wired.co.uk
Tue, 12 Jun 2012 02:44:41 -0700

Nasa has significantly narrowed the target landing zone for its Curiosity Mars rover, so it will drop much closer to its mission destination: the Aeolis Mons mountain. "We're trimming the distance we'll have to drive after landing by almost half," said ...

European Space Agency

European Space Agency
Thu, 28 Jun 2007 03:24:12 -0700

The High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board Mars Express has provided snapshots of the Aeolis Mensae region. This area, well known for its wind-eroded features, lies on a tectonic transition zone, characterised by incised valleys and unexplained ...
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