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For the region of planet Mars, see Aeolis quadrangle.
Not to be confused with Aeolus.
Ancient Region of Anatolia
Aeolis (Αἰολίς)
Aeolian city of Smyrna
Location Western Anatolia
State existed: 8th-6th centuries BC (as Dodecapolis)
Language Aeolic Greek
Biggest city Smyrna
Roman province Asia
Location of Aeolis within Anatolia

Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (/ˈli.ə/; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located. Aeolis incorporated the southern parts of Mysia which bounded it to the north, Ionia to the south, and Lydia to the east.

Geography[edit]

Aeolis was an ancient district on the western coast of Asia Minor. It extended along the Aegean Sea from the entrance of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) south to the Hermus River (now the Gediz River). It was named for the Aeolians, some of whom migrated there from Greece before 1000 BC. Aeolis was, however, an ethnological and linguistic enclave rather than a geographical unit. The district often was considered part of the larger northwest region of Mysia.

History[edit]

Greek settlements in western Asia Minor, Aeolian area in dark red.

According to Homer's description, Odysseus, after his stay with the Cyclopes, reached the island of Aeolia, who provided him with the west wind Zephyr.

In early times, by the 8th century BC, the Aeolians' twelve most important cities were independent, and formed a league (Dodecapolis): Cyme, Larissa (also called Phriconis), Neonteichos, Temnus, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegae, Myrina, Gryneion, and Smyrna.[1]

The most celebrated of the cities was Smyrna (modern Izmir, Turkey), but in 699 BC, Smyrna became part of an Ionian confederacy. The remaining cities were conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia (reigned 560-546 BC). Later they were held successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. [2]

Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 BC. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. At the partition of the Roman Empire (395 AD), Aeolis was assigned to the East Roman (Byzantine) empire and remained under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.

Natives of Aeolis[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Herodotus. The Histories: 1.149.
  2. ^ Each of the cities minted coins in the own names, using different gods, animals and objects as identifying city badges. See asiaminorcoins.com - ancient coins of Aeolis

References[edit]

  • Pierluigi Bonanno, Aiolis. Storia e archeologia di una regione dell’Asia Minore alla fine del II millennio a.C., USA, 2006

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°12′N 26°42′E / 39.2°N 26.7°E / 39.2; 26.7


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolis — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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771 news items

Yahoo News

Yahoo News
Thu, 28 May 2015 14:22:30 -0700

"High-resolution repeat imaging of Aeolis Mons, the central mound in Gale crater, reveals active slope processes within tens of kilometers of the Curiosity rover," the scientists report. "At one location near the base of northeastern Aeolis Mons ...

Express.co.uk

Express.co.uk
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:11:15 -0700

He claims to have found the four 'sightings' of alien civilisation in photos of Aeolis Mons – a central peak in the Gale Crater on Mars, which is unofficially known as Mount Sharp. Just a month ago, among other photographs he produced, Mr Gignac ...

Science Times

Science Times
Mon, 25 May 2015 11:11:15 -0700

NASA's Curiosity rover was originally launched from Cape Canaveral on November 26, 2011 and it landed on the Aeolis Palus in the Gale Crater on Mars on August 6, 2012. Since that time, it has roamed the surface studying the climate and geology of the ...

Slate Magazine (blog)

Slate Magazine (blog)
Mon, 04 May 2015 04:17:44 -0700

That magnificent vista is a mosaic of images taken by the Curiosity rover taken on Sol 952—the 952nd Martian day of Curiosity's visit to the planet—as it traversed the Pahrump Hills, an outcrop near the base of Mount Sharp (Aeolis Mons), the central ...

iDNES.cz

iDNES.cz
Mon, 25 May 2015 02:11:15 -0700

Popis: Moderně zrekonstruovaný hotel ve stylu ostrovní architektury se skládá z několika budov a je umístěn ve svahu, odkud nabízí krásný výhled na Egejské moře. Nachází se v klidném prostředí mezi letoviskem Molyvos (1,2 km) a Eftalou (2 km) v zahradě ...

Maine News Online

Maine News Online
Tue, 12 May 2015 05:30:46 -0700

It was launched from Cape Canaveral on November 26, 2011, aboard the MSL spacecraft and landed on Aeolis Palus in Gale Crater on Mars on August 6, 2012. The current images were taken over a period of about 6 minutes, 51 seconds on April 15, 2015, ...

RT

Universe Today
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 11:04:29 -0700

Scientists at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory have announced that the Mars Science Lab (MSL), Curiosity Rover, has reached the base of the central peak inside Gale Crater, Aeolis Mons also known as Mount Sharp. Mount Sharp is a prime objective of NASA's ...
 
Travel Daily News
Fri, 29 May 2015 04:36:54 -0700

Η Forthnet ανακοινώνει τη συνεργασία της με επτά ακόμα ξενοδοχεία στη Λέσβο. Συγκεκριμένα, το Λέσβιον Hotel, το Aphrodite Hotel, το Belvedere Aeolis, το Lesvos In, το Blue Sea Hotel, το Πύργος Hotel και το Loriet Hotel ανήκουν πλέον στα ξενοδοχεία που ...
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