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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Adilabad district.
Adilabad is located in Telangana
Location in Telangana
Coordinates: 19°40′12″N 78°31′48″E / 19.67000°N 78.53000°E / 19.67000; 78.53000Coordinates: 19°40′12″N 78°31′48″E / 19.67000°N 78.53000°E / 19.67000; 78.53000
Country India
State Telangana
District Adilabad
Elevation 264 m (866 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 117,388
 • Rank 9th (in state)
Demonym(s) Adilabadi
 • Official Telugu, Urdu
 • Spoken Telugu, Urdu, Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 504001
Vehicle registration TS-01[2]
Lok Sabha constituency Adilabad
Vidhan Sabha constituency Adilabad

Adilabad is a city in Adilabad district of the Indian state of Telangana.[4] It is a municipality, that serves as the headquarters of Adilabad district.[5] As of 2011 census, it had a population of 117,388 and an urban agglomeration population of 139,103.[1][3]


Adilabad was ruled by many dynasties like the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Qutub Shahis & Asaf Jahis. Adilabad derives its name from the erstwhile ruler of Bijapur, Yusuf Adil Shah. It is the northernmost district of Nizam state (Asaf Jahi dynasty) founded by Nizam-ul-Mulk in the Deccan region. The current culture of the district incorporates significant elements. However a multicultural society exists here with Telugu, Marathi, Bengali, Malayali, Rajasthani and Gujarati people living in harmony. The original name of the Adilabad was Edlabad during the rule of Qutub Shahis.[6] Edla is a Gond word for people in woods. Its name was changed to "Adilabad" by erstwhile Islamic ruler of Bijapur, Mohammed Adil Shah to increase the influence of Islam in the region even though Hindu (mostly tribal religions which tend to be considered as Hindu) population was more than 92% at that times. Prior to Kakatiyas coming to rule, the region comprising the current Adilabad or Edlabad (Edla from Gondi word for people in the highland woods), Karimnagar (Elgandal or Elgondal from Gond for ruled by Gonds), Warangal (Orangal from Gond and called as Orukal by Chittoor Tamil Sri Vaishnava Charis who migrated during late 1700s), Khammam, Medak and Nizamabad districts were originally inhabitted by the Gonds and Kannadas. Of the Kannada kingdoms, Western Chalukyas and Kakateeyas are most noted. Southern Telangana was wholly Kannada at the time. Beginning as subordinates of Chalukyas of Badami, the Kakatiyas very rapidly disowned their Kannada origins and began to promote Telugu. Kakateeyas replaced Kannada with Telugu as official after gaining the Eastern Chalukyan provinces which were Telugu. After the fall of the Kakateeyas, Marathi and Kannada had the most influence after Urdu. The language of Gondi did not gain prominence and Telugu established by the Kakateeyas also lost prominence. Later the region was ruled by many muslim rulers. Prior to the formation of the linguistic states, Adilabad district was called as Sirpur-Tandur or Amaldari and it was part of Kannada and Marathi regions of Bidar and Marathwada, respectively at different periods. Though most of the population of Adilabad was still of Gond, Urdu and Marathi origin prior to 1956, the region became a part of the Telugu linguistic state. Since 1956, Telugu gained prominence and replaced Gondi, Kannada, Marathi and Urdu entirely.[7]


Adilabad has an average elevation of 264 metres (866 feet). Adilabad district also consists of many landscapes like Kuntala waterfalls, Sahyadri mountains, rivers like the Godavari, Penaganga, Pranahitha, etc. The district shares its boundaries with Nizamabad and Karimnagar districts of Telangana to the south and with Nanded, Yavatmal, Chandrapur and Gadchiroli districts of Maharashtra on the West, North and East respectively. Most of the boundary is designated by the rivers Godavari and Penganga.

Mavala lake it located 6 km south side of Adilabad town, it was built during the Nizam period. Water from the lake is supplied to the town and serves the needs about 40% of people in it. There is a park adjacent to the lake. Adilabad is a hub for cotton mills.


As of 2011 India census, Adilabad had a population of 117,388 and urban agglomeration population of 139,103.[3] Males constitute 70,403 of the population and females are 68,700. Adilabad has an average literacy rate of 80.15%. 15,390 of the population is under 6 years of age.[1]

Urdu is the native language of Adilabad while Telugu is the official Language. The other languages spoken are Gormati and Marathi as Adilabad is almost at the border to Maharastra. It is one of the richest districts of Telangana, containing 20% of state's wealth. About 75% of the district is covered with thick tropical moist deciduous forests, the second largest district in terms of forest coverage, next only to Khammam.[8]


The main section for this topic is on the page Adilabad (Lok Sabha constituency), in the section Members of Parliament.

Adilabad is one of the seventeen Lok Sabha constituencies in the Indian state of Telangana and consists of eight Legislative Assembly segments. It is a Legislative assembly constituency in Telangana.


There are many schools, degree, pg colleges and universities. Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies in Basar, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, 32 Andhra NCC Battalion, etc., are.other renowned institutions.



Adilabad has a railway station on Mudkhed-Adilabad Section of Hyderabad (HYB) Division of South Central Railway (SCR). After Divisional adjustments in 2003, which saw the bifurcation of Hyderabad Division, Adilabad now comes under Nanded (NED) Division of SCR. It has direct train connectivity with Hyderabad, Nizamabad, Nanded, Vijayawada, Nagpur etc.


National Highway 7 passes through Adilabad making the road transport most easy. It is well connected to rest of India by road. Hyderabad is 310 km from here. Adilabad had an air strip which was destroyed by the Indian air force at the time of police action in 1948.Nagpur is just 196 km from here which is an added advantage.

Adilabad tourism[edit]

Adilabad offers its tourists a holistic holiday tour through its historical temples and monuments and shimmering waterfalls. These 3 star hotels, Restaurants, Sprawling Gardens and State-of-the-art Helicopter facility.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Census 2011" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Mandal wise villages" (pdf). Revenue Department - AP Land. National Informatics Center. p. 10. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  5. ^ "Brief about Municipality". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  6. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=zXBB1nZYoLIC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false
  7. ^ http://www.tspscportal.in/telangana-history-rashtrakuta-dynasty/159/
  8. ^ "Adilabad Pin code". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-03-20. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adilabad — Please support Wikipedia.
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41975 news items

The Hindu

The Hindu
Sun, 30 Aug 2015 17:08:29 -0700

The Congressmen in Adilabad on Sunday staged a rasta roko near NTR Chowk denouncing the Central government's attitude in shielding erring Ministers. They demanded sacking of Union Minister Sushma Swaraj and Rajasthan Chief Minister Vasundhara ...
The Hindu
Sat, 29 Aug 2015 17:20:04 -0700

Adilabad Collector M. Jagan Mohan on Saturday urged doctors to have a change of heart in view of the emergency like situation due to spread of seasonal diseases. He said they should be prepared to work additional hours for the benefit of those affected ...
The New Indian Express
Sun, 30 Aug 2015 17:22:30 -0700

ADILABAD:The arrival of rains have lead to an outbreak of seasonal diseases in the district, triggering panic in the urban areas and villages. According to reports, 12 people have succumbed to seasonal diseases in the district. Hospital have reported ...
Web India
Sun, 30 Aug 2015 04:48:45 -0700

A 12-year-old student was electrocuted at a Residential High School, Khanapur in Adilabad district of Telangana today. The student, J Vijay studying 6th standard, received an electric shock while entering the kitchen after opening an iron grill door ...

The Siasat Daily

The Hindu
Fri, 21 Aug 2015 17:11:15 -0700

Minister for Irrigation T. Harish Rao on Friday directed the engineers to prepare a comprehensive irrigation plan for Adilabad district within a week by ensuring creation of irrigation potential of at least one-lakh acres in every constituency. In a ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Fri, 21 Aug 2015 16:26:15 -0700

Engineer-in-chief Muralidhar explained that there was a possibility of providing irrigation to another 12.32 lakh acres through various projects in the district. As part of preparing the plan, the meeting took several decisions with regard to Adilabad ...
The Hindu
Mon, 24 Aug 2015 03:52:30 -0700

Two teenagers drowned in a tank near YSR Colony at Nirmal on Monday when they entered tank waters for a swim. According to police Sk. Suleman and Sk. Ahmed, both aged 16 years and belonging to Vishwanathpet Colony of Nirmal entered the tank ...

The Hans India

The Hans India
Thu, 27 Aug 2015 14:11:15 -0700

Hyderabad: Jana Vignana Vedika (JVV) Telangana State committee member Dr Prabhavati has demanded that the government announce the Adilabad tribal region as “Chloroquine resistant” area. The national malaria programme made haemogram (a ...

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