digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Template:Fpr

Aculco (de Espinoza)
Town and municipality
Aculco (de Espinoza) is located in Mexico
Aculco (de Espinoza)
Aculco (de Espinoza)
Coordinates: 20°05′54″N 99°49′37″W / 20.09833°N 99.82694°W / 20.09833; -99.82694Coordinates: 20°05′54″N 99°49′37″W / 20.09833°N 99.82694°W / 20.09833; -99.82694
Country Mexico
State State of Mexico
Municipal status 1825
Government
 • Municipal President Francisco Javier Venancio Ramírez (2006–2009)
Area
 • Municipality 492.13 km2 (190.01 sq mi)
Elevation (of seat) 2,450 m (8,040 ft)
Population (2005) Municipality
 • Municipality 40,492
 • Seat 1,624
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
Postal code (of seat) 50360
Official name Town of Aculco, Camino Real de Tierra Adentro
Type Cultural
Criteria II, IV
Designated 2010 (34th session)
Reference no. 1351
State Party Mexico
Region Latin America and the Caribbean

Aculco de Espinoza is a town and the seat of the municipality called Aculco in Mexico State.

Aculco de Espinoza[edit]

History[edit]

Aculco was founded approximately in 1110 A.D. by the Otomies, despite the fact that its name comes from Nahuatl. After being a village inhabited by Otomies for long time, it became a region dominated by the Mexicas, who lived there many years before the founding of Tenochtitlan.[1]

With the arrival of the Spanish in 1540, construction on the church and the convent of San Jeronimo began. In November 1810, Miguel Hidalgo and his contingent, who began the Mexican War of Independence, arrived in the region. Aculco was also where insurgents, led by Don Miguel Hidalgo, lost a battle against the troops of Felix Ma. Calleja.[1]

During the nineteenth century, the town hall and the first primary school in the region were constructed. Public baths and a municipal pool were also built.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Lucas Magos Bárcenas y Cornejo
  • Alfonso Díaz de la Vega
  • Pablo de San Antonio Indio
  • Juan García, Juan Nicolás
  • Sotero González Mena
  • Juan Maldonado Chemiso
  • José Rafael Polo
  • José Trinidad Polo
  • Manuel Polo
  • Ignacio Espinoza Martínez[1]

Aculco currently has a population of over 40,000 people.[1] On February 19, 1825, it became a municipality. In 1914 and 1915, Aculco was the scene of clashes led by the revolutionaries’ carrancistas, villistas and Zapatistas.[1]

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Aculco has a geographical extent of 484.7 square kilometres (187.1 sq mi). That represents 2.18% of the state. It is located in Mexico State.[1]

Aculco borders Polotitlán in the north, Querétaro in the south, and Acambay and Timilpan in the south.[2] It is approximately 100 kilometers away from or over 1 hour from Toluca, Toluca.

Climate[edit]

Aculco has a relatively cool, humid climate, with rain in the summer. The annual average temperature is of 13.2 °C (55.8 °F), with the lowest temperature occurring in the winter. The rain season starts at the end of March or beginning of April and lasts until October or November.[1]

Demographics[edit]

According to INEGI, in 2005, Aculco has a population of over 40,000. The ethnic composition is mainly Otomi.[1]

Over 16,000 people in the region are illiterate.[3]

Economy[edit]

The main economic activity of Aculco is the ranching of animals like pigs and sheep. The municipality's principal products include milk, fur, wool and egg. Aculco's inner commerce principally occurs at the municipal market, while its outer commerce is with Toluca, Mexico City and Querétaro.

Another major economic activity of Aculco is the exploitation of natural resources like sand, with quarries present in the region.[4]

Aculco is famous for the dairy products it produces. The municipality is also home to a metal structure manufacturing company.[1]

Tourism[edit]

Aculco contains numerous geographic features suitable for tourism. Two cascades are located in the area: "Tixhiñu" and "la Concepción". Many rivers, including the Río Ñadó and Río Prieto also flow through the municipality.

In addition, Aculco is home to numerous historic sites, including the San Jerónimo and the "Garrido Varela" (a bullring),[2] as well as the former residence of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla. Two busts are located in Aculco in the memory of Benito Juarez and Miguel Hidalgo.[1]

Communities belonging to the municipality[edit]

Arroyo Zarco, Arroyo Zarco Ejido, Ñado Buenavista, Bañe, Bimbo, Decandeje, Ejido de Santa María Nativitas, Ejido de Totolopan, Ejido Decandeje (Chapala Ejido Decandeje), Ejido las Ánimas, Ejido San Joaquín Coscomatepec, El Azafrán (Santa Rosa el Azafrán), El Bonxhi, El Bosque, El Colorado, El Mogote, El Rincón, El Tixhiñu, El Zethe (Jazmín), Encinillas Ejido, Fondo, Gunyo Oriente, Gunyo Poniente (San José Gunyo), Higuerillas, Huizachal, Jurica, La Cofradía Grande, La Concepción Ejido, La Concepción Pueblo, La Cuesta, La Esperanza, La Estancia, La Pera, La Presita Segundo Cuartel, La Soledad Barrio, La Soledad Ejido, Las Lajas, Loma Alta Cabresteros, Loma Alta Ejido Bañe (Bañe Barrio CONASUPO), Los Ailes, Los Gavilanes, Presa del Tepozán, Rancho Chapala, San Antonio Arroyo Zarco, San Antonio el Zethe, San Antonio Pueblo, San Francisquito, San Jerónimo Barrio, San Jerónimo Ejido, San Joaquín Coscomatepec, San Lucas Totolmaloya, San Martín Ejido, San Pedro Denxhi, Santa Ana Matlavat, Santa Ana Oxtoc-toxhie, Santa María Nativitas, Santiago Oxtoc-Toxhie, Taxtho

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  2. ^ a b "Aculco". Archived from the original on 2007-09-07. Retrieved 2008-01-30. 
  3. ^ "Sitios de México". Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ Gaspar Sampayo, Domingo. Monografía Municipal - Aculco. Mexico: Gobierno del Estado de Mexico. ISBN 968-841-079-9. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aculco — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1621 news items

 
La Crónica de Hoy (Comunicado de prensa) (Registro) (blog)
Sun, 30 Aug 2015 23:22:30 -0700

Así lo aseguró Carlos Iriarte Mercado, dirigente del Partido Revolucionario en el Estado de México, al acudir a un encuentro de agradecimiento con la militancia priísta del municipio de Aculco, donde reconoció el compromiso y trabajo de todos, ya que, ...

Periodico a.m.

Noticieros Televisa
Fri, 03 Jul 2015 08:03:18 -0700

ESTADO DE MÉXICO, México, jul 3, 2015.-Fuga de combustible causa incendio en el municipio de Aculco. Fermín González González, vicepresidente del Consejo Municipal de Protección Civil de Aculco, confirmó que el incendio ya está controlado y no ...

El Universal

El Universal
Sat, 29 Aug 2015 17:36:21 -0700

En la Línea 8 los detenidos fueron ocho: uno en Salto del Agua, dos en Escuadrón 201, uno en Constitución, uno en Aculco, uno en San Juan de Letrán, uno en Garibaldi y uno en Santa Anita. Cuatro hombres de 28 a 36 años y cuatro mujeres de 19 a 28 ...

Excélsior (Comunicado de prensa) (blog)

Excélsior (Comunicado de prensa) (blog)
Thu, 20 Aug 2015 17:46:53 -0700

... por despachadores de las cámaras de videovigilancia sobre la presencia de un vehículo Jetta, placas 359-ZGJ que circulaba de manera sospechosa y con los vidrios polarizados alrededor de una cafetería ubicada en la colonia San Jerónimo Aculco.

ElTiempo.com

ElTiempo.com
Thu, 27 Aug 2015 14:55:10 -0700

“Hay dos factores que se deben tener en cuenta: el humanitario, que es la solidaridad ante una necesidad particular, y el comunitario, que aborda toda la sociedad”, dice Iván Santos Franco, director de Aculco, organización sin ánimo de lucro que ayuda ...

Hoy Estado

Hoy Estado
Thu, 25 Jun 2015 13:15:00 -0700

La PGJEM precisó que el día de los hechos, la víctima tripulaba un vehículo con mercancía, cuando fue sorprendido por Marín Contreras y otros sujetos, quienes lo amagaron y trasladaron a un paraje del municipio de Aculco, donde lo privaron de la vida y ...
 
La Prensa (OEM)
Thu, 16 Jul 2015 13:14:58 -0700

Aculco, Méx.- Tras caer de una altura aproximada a los 25 metros, un joven de 28 años perdió la vida al instante en la Cascada de Tixhiñú, en este municipio. Informes policiales revelaron que el incidente registrado ayer, presuntamente tuvo lugar al ...

Hoy Estado

Hoy Estado
Thu, 20 Aug 2015 17:07:03 -0700

Sarahí Areli Aculco Sánchez y otros jóvenes universitarios iniciaron este jueves una colecta en parques públicos, plazas y en Ciudad Universitaria, para apoyar a la familia de Diana Rubí Heredia Sánchez, alumna de la Facultad de Contaduría y ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight