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For other uses, see Accident (disambiguation).
"Misadventure" redirects here. For other uses, see Misadventure (disambiguation).
A railing accident at a college football game, spilling fans onto the sidelines

An accident or a mishap is an unforeseen and unplanned event or circumstance, often with lack of intention or necessity. It usually implies a generally negative outcome which might have been avoided or prevented had circumstances leading up to the accident been recognized, and acted upon, prior to its occurrence. Injury prevention refers to activities designed to foresee and avoid accidents.

Accidents of particularly common types (crashing of automobiles, events causing fire, etc.) are investigated to identify how to avoid them in the future. This is sometimes called root cause analysis, but does not generally apply to accidents that cannot be deterministically predicted. A root cause of an uncommon and purely random accident may never be identified, and thus future similar accidents remain "accidental."

Types[edit]

Physical and non-physical[edit]

Physical examples of accidents include unintended collisions or falls, being injured by touching something sharp, hot, or electrical, or ingesting poison. Non-physical examples are unintentionally revealing a secret or otherwise saying something incorrectly, forgetting an appointment, etc.

By activity[edit]

  • Accidents during the execution of work or arising out of it are called work accidents. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), more than 337 million accidents happen on the job each year, resulting, together with occupational diseases, in more than 2.3 million deaths annually.[1]
  • In contrast, leisure-related accidents are mainly sports injuries.

By vehicle[edit]

Most common causes[edit]

Incidence of accidents (of a severity of resulting in seeking medical care), sorted by activity (in Denmark in 2002).

Traffic accidents and falls are the most common causes of physical traumas or injuries leading to hospital care. According to a 2005 survey of injuries sustained at home, which used data from the National Vital Statistics System of the United States National Center for Health Statistics, falls, poisoning, and fire/burn injuries are the most common causes of death.[2] The United States also collects statistically valid injury data (sampled from 100 hospitals) through the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System administered by the Consumer Product Safety Commission.[3] This program was revised in 2000 to include all injuries rather than just injuries involving products.[3] Data on emergency room visits is also collected through the National Health Interview Survey.[4] In The U.S. the Bureau of Labor Statistics has available on their website extensive statistics on workplace accidents.[5]

Further information: Trauma (medicine)

See also[edit]

General[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Other specific topics[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ILO Safety and Health at Work". International Labour Organization (ILO)
  2. ^ Runyan CW, Casteel C, Perkis D, et al. (January 2005). "Unintentional injuries in the home in the United States Part I: mortality". Am J Prev Med 28 (1): 73–9. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2004.09.010. PMID 15626560. 
  3. ^ a b CPSC. National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS). Database query available through: NEISS Injury Data.
  4. ^ NCHS. Emergency Department Visits. CDC.
  5. ^ http://www.bls.gov/iif

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accident — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Chicago Tribune
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 11:55:47 -0700

Police say a man was speeding and driving "evasively" on Sheridan Road when he plowed into pedestrians and parked cars in the Edgewater Beach neighborhood, killing a 71-year-old man and injuring five other people. The accident happened at Sheridan ...
 
Reading Eagle
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 18:44:56 -0700

A motorcyclist was killed in an accident on Weiser Lane, near Womelsdorf, Wednesday night, according to police at the scene. Unconfirmed transmissions on Berks County emergency radio indicated the rider struck by a passing vehicle. The Berks County ...

AOPA Pilot

AOPA Pilot
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 11:50:34 -0700

The pilot of a custom-built Breezy died from his injuries after a landing accident at Oshkosh, Wisconsin's, Wittman Regional Airport on July 31, the Experimental Aircraft Association said. The passenger remained in serious condition at a local hospital.

Q13 FOX

Q13 FOX
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 16:15:49 -0700

SEATTLE — A pedestrian was struck and killed instantly by a large truck Thursday afternoon in First Hill, police said. The incident occurred shortly after 3:30 p.m, police said. “A pedestrian was struck by a commercial-type truck,” Seattle police ...

New York Daily News

New York Post
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 06:01:48 -0700

A New York City correction officer was killed in a freak skydiving accident on Long Island a day before his birthday, law-enforcement sources said. The 24-year-old man identified by sources as Gary Messina was at Sky Dive Long Island in Calverton ...

KENS 5 TV

KENS 5 TV
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 14:11:15 -0700

Bexar County Sheriff's Office responded to a fatal accident in the 2900 block of East Loop 1604 and La Vernia Road around 3:30 Wednesday afternoon. A truck headed northbound on Loop 1604 had a tire blow out and hit another truck heading southbound.

CBS Local

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Thu, 31 Jul 2014 09:45:25 -0700

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Thu, 31 Jul 2014 09:48:33 -0700

North Charleston Police Department officials say all lanes on University Boulevard are now open following a fatal accident involving three vehicles earlier on Thursday. The accident killed one person and sent another to the hospital in critical condition.
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