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For other uses, see Accident (disambiguation).
"Misadventure" redirects here. For other uses, see Misadventure (disambiguation).
A railing accident at a college football game, spilling fans onto the sidelines

An accident or a mishap is an unforeseen and unplanned event or circumstance, often with lack of intention or necessity. It usually implies a generally negative outcome which might have been avoided or prevented had circumstances leading up to the accident been recognized, and acted upon, prior to its occurrence. Injury prevention refers to activities designed to foresee and avoid accidents.

Accidents of particularly common types (crashing of automobiles, events causing fire, etc.) are investigated to identify how to avoid them in the future. This is sometimes called root cause analysis, but does not generally apply to accidents that cannot be deterministically predicted. A root cause of an uncommon and purely random accident may never be identified, and thus future similar accidents remain "accidental."

Types[edit]

Physical and non-physical[edit]

Physical examples of accidents include unintended collisions or falls, being injured by touching something sharp, hot, or electrical, or ingesting poison. Non-physical examples are unintentionally revealing a secret or otherwise saying something incorrectly, forgetting an appointment, etc.

By activity[edit]

  • Accidents during the execution of work or arising out of it are called work accidents. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), more than 337 million accidents happen on the job each year, resulting, together with occupational diseases, in more than 2.3 million deaths annually.[1]
  • In contrast, leisure-related accidents are mainly sports injuries.

By vehicle[edit]

Most common causes[edit]

Incidence of accidents (of a severity of resulting in seeking medical care), sorted by activity (in Denmark in 2002).

Traffic accidents and falls are the most common causes of physical traumas or injuries leading to hospital care. According to a 2005 survey of injuries sustained at home, which used data from the National Vital Statistics System of the United States National Center for Health Statistics, falls, poisoning, and fire/burn injuries are the most common causes of death.[2] The United States also collects statistically valid injury data (sampled from 100 hospitals) through the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System administered by the Consumer Product Safety Commission.[3] This program was revised in 2000 to include all injuries rather than just injuries involving products.[3] Data on emergency room visits is also collected through the National Health Interview Survey.[4] In The U.S. the Bureau of Labor Statistics has available on their website extensive statistics on workplace accidents.[5]

Further information: Trauma (medicine)

See also[edit]

General[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Other specific topics[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ILO Safety and Health at Work". International Labour Organization (ILO)
  2. ^ Runyan CW, Casteel C, Perkis D, et al. (January 2005). "Unintentional injuries in the home in the United States Part I: mortality". Am J Prev Med 28 (1): 73–9. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2004.09.010. PMID 15626560. 
  3. ^ a b CPSC. National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS). Database query available through: NEISS Injury Data.
  4. ^ NCHS. Emergency Department Visits. CDC.
  5. ^ http://www.bls.gov/iif

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accident — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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KING5.com

KING5.com
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 19:43:46 -0700

A 13 year old girl was killed and three of her family members were injured following an accident Saturday evening in Kent. The family was attempting to jaywalk across a busy street just after 6 p.m. Saturday night. It happened on Pacific Highway, one ...

WJLA

W*USA 9
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 20:58:54 -0700

OLNEY, Md. (WUSA9) -- Two teenagers are severely injured and one is dead after a single car collision that happened Saturday morning in Olney, Md. According to the Montgomery County Police Department, crews responded to the accident around 1:23 ...
 
Dallas Morning News (blog)
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 20:11:35 -0700

The first reports of the accident came in about 9:30 p.m., and authorities initially said four people had died on Bonnie View Road between Highland Hills Drive and Persimmon Road. Police Maj. Max Geron later confirmed that two more victims, who were ...

WFMZ Allentown

WFMZ Allentown
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 06:10:41 -0700

Police told 69 News the accident happened at about 2:15 on Forest Street just past the entrance of the former Kriss Pines Trout Hatchery in Franklin Township. Forest Street was closed due to the accident investigation, according to authorities at the ...

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Rick Kupchella's BringMeTheNews
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 10:29:46 -0700

Officials said Sunday's accident was the first “major” accident since the 12-mile, $1 billion Green Line, which connects downtown St. Paul to downtown Minneapolis, opened, the Star Tribune reports. Metro Transit official Bruce Howard told the newspaper ...

W*USA 9

CBS Local
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 07:43:11 -0700

LANHAM, Md. (WNEW) — Two men are dead following a single-vehicle accident early Sunday morning in Gaithersburg. Just before 4:30 a.m., Montgomery County Police and Fire crews responded to the 22200 block of Woodfield Road and found an ...
 
wtkr.com
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 20:39:52 -0700

A 1999 Chevrolet Venture going north on Route 13 crossed into the southbound lanes and crashed into a southbound 2012 Nissan Altima head on. The driver of the Altima, 58-year-old Arnette N. Chandler of Roosevelt, NY and passengers, 55-year-old Diann ...

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Fri, 29 Aug 2014 11:22:30 -0700

It was a tragic accident," Frood said. A spokeswoman for the Ontario County (N.Y.) sheriff's office told USA TODAY Sports on Friday morning just hours before the SHR news conference there was nothing new to report on the status of the investigation ...
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