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"Absence" redirects here. For other uses, see Absence (disambiguation).

Absenteeism is a habitual pattern of absence from a duty or obligation. Traditionally, absenteeism has been viewed as an indicator of poor individual performance, as well as a breach of an implicit contract between employee and employer; it was seen as a management problem, and framed in economic or quasi-economic terms. More recent scholarship seeks to understand absenteeism as an indicator of psychological, medical, or social adjustment to work.[1]

Workplace[edit]

"So You're not coming in Tomorrow Bud"

High absenteeism in the workplace may be indicative of poor morale, but absences can also be caused by workplace hazards or sick building syndrome. Many employers use statistics such as the Bradford factor that do not distinguish between genuine illness and absence for inappropriate reasons. In 2013 in the UK the CIPD estimated that the average worker had 7.6 sick days per year[2] and that absenteeism cost employers £595 per employee per annum.[3]

As a result, many employees feel obliged to come to work while ill, and transmit communicable diseases to their co-workers. This leads to even greater absenteeism and reduced productivity among other workers who try to work while ill. Work forces often excuse absenteeism caused by medical reasons if the employee provides supporting documentation from their medical practitioner. Sometimes, people choose not to show up for work and do not call in advance, which businesses may find to be unprofessional and inconsiderate. This is called a "no call, no show". According to Nelson & Quick (2008) people who are dissatisfied with their jobs are absent more frequently. They went on to say that the type of dissatisfaction that most often leads employees to miss work is dissatisfaction with the work itself.

The psychological model that discusses this is the "withdrawal model", which assumes that absenteeism represents individual withdrawal from dissatisfying working conditions. This finds empirical support in a negative association between absence and job satisfaction, especially satisfaction with the work itself.[1]

Medical-based understanding of absenteeism find support in research that links absenteeism with smoking, problem drinking, low back pain, and migraines.[4] Absence ascribed to medical causes is often still, at least in part, voluntary. Research shows that over one trillion dollars is lost annually due to productivity shortages as a result of medical-related absenteeism, and that increased focus on preventative wellness could reduce these costs.[5] The line between psychological and medical causation is blurry, given that there are positive links between both work stress and depression and absenteeism.[4] Depressive tendencies may lie behind some of the absence ascribed to poor physical health, as with adoption of a "culturally approved sick role". This places the adjective "sickness" before the word "absence", and carries a burden of more proof than is usually offered.

Evidence indicates that absence is generally viewed as "mildly deviant workplace behavior". For example, people tend to hold negative stereotypes of absentees, under report their own absenteeism, and believe their own attendance record is better than that of their peers. Negative attributions about absence then bring about three outcomes: the behavior is open to social control, sensitive to social context, and is a potential source of workplace conflict.

Thomas suggests that there tends to be a higher level of stress with people who work with or interact with a narcissist, which in turn increases absenteeism and staff turnover.[6]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Johns 2007, p. 4
  2. ^ CIPD Absence management 2013
  3. ^ The Case For Health Benefits
  4. ^ a b Johns 2007, p. 5
  5. ^ Roland, Brian, Abenity President & CEO (May 4, 2012). "Hot Topic: Why Is Employee Wellness Important?". Abenity. Retrieved October 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ Thomas D Narcissism: Behind the Mask (2010)

Notes[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Absenteeism — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Newstalk 106-108 fm

Newstalk 106-108 fm
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 08:22:30 -0700

As a consequence the recession appears to have led to reduced level of absenteeism from 3.38 percent to 2.58 per cent according to this year's IBEC Employee Absenteeism Management Report. It is ironic, that the reduced absenteeism rate may have ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 16:03:45 -0700

Lagos — Provost of the Federal College of Education (Technical) Akoka, Dr. SijibomiOlusanya, has warned the 900 male and female new students of the college for the 2013/2014 academic session to desist from wilful absenteeism from learning. This ...

NDTV

Enewspaper of India
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 07:48:45 -0700

New Delhi: Parliamentary Affairs minister Venkaiah Naidu has taken an initiative to check absenteeism by BJP MPs from important meetings and other government matters. Naidu has used popular messaging service Whatsapp to form a group of MPs to keep ...
 
Frederick News Post (subscription)
Sat, 26 Jul 2014 23:07:58 -0700

To encourage better student attendance, schools work through a process that can include contact from teachers, guidance counselors, support staff and administrators; home visits and conferences; and referrals to student services staff and pupil ...
 
Houston Business Journal (blog)
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 14:11:15 -0700

Even though the economy is on the rebound, most businesses still maintain minimum staff. After all, tough times are hard to forget. So when employees experience a hurricane or flood, businesses can lose valuable employees for weeks, because most ...

SmartCompany.com.au

SmartCompany.com.au
Mon, 07 Jul 2014 18:07:30 -0700

With the flu season upon us, it's worth considering that about 15% of Australian adults will be infected by the flu this year. Many of these people will be employed and will reasonably take personal leave until they get better. Many others will soldier ...
 
Virtual-Strategy Magazine (press release)
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 14:00:00 -0700

A study by Health Canada indicates that some key factors affecting employees absenteeism is workplace conflict, burnout, stress and mental health disease. Workplace wellness coaching is a way to support employees so they can attend work with focus and ...
 
Wicked Local Fall River
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:36:20 -0700

John Doran Community School Principal Maria Pontes told the group that her school is seeing some success in efforts to reduce chronic absenteeism. They sought a 50 percent reduction. So far, efforts have resulted in a 20 percent reduction. Pontes said ...
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