|820th Strategic Aerospace Division
B-47 Stratojet displaying markings of the 380th Bombardment Wing
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Role||Command and Control|
|Part of||Strategic Air Command|
|820th Strategic Aerospace Division emblem (approved 14 December 1962)|
The 820th Strategic Aerospace Division is an inactive United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with Strategic Air Command (SAC)'s Eighth Air Force at Plattsburgh Air Force Base, New York, where it was inactivated on 25 June 1965.
The division was activated in 1956 to command the two Boeing B-47 Stratojet wings planned for Plattsburgh. However, the arrival of the second wing was delayed, and in 1959 the 820th was assigned two SAC Boeing B-52 Stratofortress strategic wings and an air refueling wing at bases in New York and Maine.
The 820th supervised the organization and training of its subordinate units in long range bombardment and air to air refueling operations. It acquired control of SM-65 Atlas ICBM missile units in 1962 for strategic aerospace warfare using intercontinental ballistic missiles, being redesignated as a Strategic Aerospace Division.
The 820th Air Division was activated By Strategic Air Command (SAC) at Plattsburgh Air Force Base, New York in January 1956 as the command headquarters for Plattsburgh in anticipation of the movement of a second Boeing B-47 Stratojet wing to Plattsburgh. In June, its 820th Air Base Group became the host organization for Plattsburgh, taking over from the 380th Air Base Group, which had acted in that capacity since the summer of 1955. The 380th Bombardment Wing, which had activated at Plattsburgh in the summer of 1955 was the first combat wing assigned to the division. While awaiting the completion of facilities at Plattsburgh, the 380th wing had been training with B-47s at Pinecastle Air Force Base, Florida. In late June 1956, the wing's initial training was complete and its operational units returned to Plattsburgh However, the arrival of the second B-47 wing was delayed, and the 380th remained the division's only wing until 1959.
Although the second wing's arrival was delayed, in August 1957, the 26th Air Refueling Squadron moved to Plattsburgh from Westover Air Force Base, Massachusetts and was assigned to the division, although it was attached to the 380th wing for operations. In August 1959, the 26th was assigned directly to the 380th wing.
In January 1959, the 820th grew by three wings. It added two Strategic Wings, the 4038th at Dow Air Force Base, Maine and the 4039th at Griffiss Air Force Base, New York. These wings had been established by SAC in a program to disperse its Boeing B-52 Stratofortress bombers over a larger number of bases, thus making it more difficult for the Soviet Union to knock out the entire fleet with a surprise first strike. SAC bases with large concentrations of bombers made attractive targets. SAC’s response was to break up its wings and scatter their aircraft over a larger number of bases. It was also assigned a second wing at Dow, the 4060th Air Refueling Wing. One year later, the division became an operational headquarters only, when the 380th Bombardment Wing's 380th Combat Support Group again assumed support duties at Plattsburgh.
Six months later, in July 1959, the second Plattsburgh wing finally arrived when the 308th Bombardment Wing moved on paper from Hunter Air Force Base, Georgia. The 308th remained a paper unit, however, for until June of 1960 the 380th wing tested a "super wing" concept with over 110 operational aircraft assigned, while the 308th wing remained non-operational until it was finally inactivated in June 1961.
In addition to the inactivation of the 308th wing, 1961 was a year of other changes to the division's responsibilities. In January, the refueling squadrons at Plattsburgh were organized into the 4108th Air Refueling Wing, which was assigned to the division. In April, the two B-52 strategic wings were reassigned. The division's wings now were located at Plattsburgh, and for the second time the 820th Combat Support Group replaced the 380th as the division resumed responsibility for support duties at the base. In October, the division added another weapons system, the SM-65 Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile, as the 556th Strategic Missile Squadron was activated and assigned to the division.
In July 1962, the 4365 Post Attack Command Control Squadron, flying EB-47 Stratojets of the Post Attack Command and Control System was activated and assigned to the division, although it was attached to the 380th wing. The squadron operated its communications relay aircraft until September 1964, when it ceased operations and was inactivated in December.
On 1 July 1964, 499th Air Refueling Wing at Westover Air Force Base, which had been responsible for KC-97 air refueling squadrons at a number of northeastern bases transferred the squadrons not located at Westover to other units. As a result of this transfer, the 11th Air Refueling Squadron at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware became part of the division. Three months later, the 497th Air Refueling Wing at Plattsburgh, whose squadrons had become nonoperational starting in July, was also inactivated, and with a single wing remaining at Plattsburgh, the division terminated its support responsibilities at Plattsburgh.
- Established as 820 Air Division on 24 January 1956
- Activated on 1 February 1956
- Redesignated 820 Strategic Aerospace Division on 1 May 1962
- Discontinued and inactivated, on 25 June 1965
- Plattsburgh Air Force Base, New York, 1 February 1956 – 25 June 1965
- 308th Bombardment Wing: 15 July 1959 – 25 June 1961
- 380th Bombardment Wing (later 380 Strategic Aerospace Wing): 1 February 1956 – 25 June 1965 (attached to 7th Air Division, 3 April 1957 - 3 July 1957)
- 497th Air Refueling Wing: 1 January 1963 – 15 September 1964
- 4038th Strategic Wing: 1 January 1959 – 1 April 1961
- Dow Air Force Base, Maine
- 4039th Strategic Wing: 5 January 1959 – 1 April 1961
- Griffiss Air Force Base, New York
- 4060th Air Refueling Wing: 1 January 1959 – 1 February 1960
- Dow Air Force Base, Maine
- 4108th Air Refueling Wing: 1 January 1961 – 1 January 1963
- 820th Air Base Group (later 820th Combat Support Group): 1 June 1956 - 1 January 1960, 1 April 1961 - 15 September 1964
- 820th Medical Group: 1 May 1959 1 January 1960, 1 April 1961 - 15 September 1964
- 11th Air Refueling Squadron: 1 July 1964 – 25 June 1965
- 26th Air Refueling Squadron: 7 August 1957 – 1 August 1959 (attached to 380th Bombardment Wing)
- 556th Strategic Missile Squadron: 1 October 1961 – 15 September 1964
- 4365th Support Squadron (later 4365 Post Attack Command Control Squadron): 20 July 1962 – 24 December 1964 (attached to 380th Bombardment Wing)
- 4020th USAF Hospital: 1 June 1956 - 1 May 1959
Aircraft and Missiles
- B-47 Stratojet, 1956–1965
- EB-47 Stratojet 1962–1964
- KC-97 Stratotanker, 1956–1965
- KC-135 Stratotanker, 1969–1961; 1964–1965
- B-52 Stratofortress, 1960–1961
- SM-65 Atlas missile, 1961–1965
- "Factsheet 820 Strategic Aerospace Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. October 11, 2007. Archived from the original on October 30, 2012. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- Mueller, p. 475
- Ravenstein, Combat Wings, pp. 205-206
- Mueller, pp. 478, 581
- "Abstract (Unclassified), Vol 1, History of Strategic Air Command, Jan-Jun 1957 (Secret)". Air Force History Index. Retrieved March 4, 2014.
- Knaack, p. 252
- Ravenstein, pp. 156-158
- Mueller, p. 478
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 657-658
- See Mueller, p. 478
- Ravenstein. p. 272
- "USAFHRC Form 5, USAF Lineage and Honors History, 11th Air Refueling Squadron". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- Ravenstein, pp. 271-272
- See Mueller, pp. 476-478
- Knaack, Marcelle Size (1988). Encyclopedia of US Air Force Aircraft and Missile Systems. Vol. 2, Post-World War II Bombers 1945-1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-59-5.
- Mueller, Robert (1989). Air Force Bases, Vol. I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-53-6.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
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