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  • 60th century BC
  • 59th century BC
  • 58th century BC
  • 57th century BC
  • 56th century BC
  • 55th century BC
  • 54th century BC
  • 53rd century BC
  • 52nd century BC
  • 51st century BC

During the 6th millennium BC, agriculture spread from the Balkans to Italy and Eastern Europe, and also from Mesopotamia to Egypt. World population was essentially stable at numbers ranging between approximately 5 and 7 million.


Black Sea today (light blue) and in 5600 BC (dark blue) according to Ryan's and Pitman's theories, versions of the Black Sea deluge theory
Byzantine Calendar illustrating 1 September 5509 BC (the calendar is from the 12th century CE).
Yangshao Culture

Environmental changes[edit]

Holocene Epoch
Preboreal (10.3 ka – 9 ka)
Boreal (9 ka – 7.5 ka)
Atlantic (7.5 ka5 ka)
Subboreal (5 ka2.5 ka)
Subatlantic (2.5 ka – present)
Main article: Atlantic (period)

Inventions, discoveries, introductions[edit]

  • c. 6000 BC: Cycladic people started to use a coarse local type of clay to make a variety of objects.
  • c. 6000 BC: Brick building was taking place at modern-day Çatalhöyük, Turkey.[3]
  • Agriculture appears in the valley of the Nile.
  • Rice cultivated in Asia.
  • c. 6000 BC–5000 BC: Wine is created for the first time in Persia.
  • c. 5500 BC: Earliest evidence of cheese-making (Kujawy, Poland).[4]
  • c. 5000 BC: Agriculture may have begun in the Americas, in complete isolation from the Old World.[3]
  • Artifacts of stone were supplemented by those of metal, and the crafts of basketry, pottery, weaving (Africa).
  • Dead were buried in a fetal position, surrounded by the burial offerings and artifacts, facing west (Africa).
  • Decorated, black-topped clay pots and vases; bone and ivory combs, figurines, and tableware, are found in great numbers (Africa).
  • Jewelry of all types and materials (Africa).
  • Objects began to be made not only with a function, but also with an aesthetic value. (Africa)
  • Organized, permanent settlements focused around agriculture. (Africa)
The Neolithic
Fertile crescent
Levantine corridor
Heavy Neolithic
Shepherd Neolithic
Trihedral Neolithic
Qaraoun culture
Tahunian culture
Yarmukian Culture
Halaf culture
Halaf-Ubaid Transitional period
Ubaid culture
Pre-Pottery (A, B)
Tell Aswad
Boian culture
Cernavodă culture
Coțofeni culture
Cucuteni-Trypillian culture
Dudeşti culture
Gorneşti culture
Gumelniţa–Karanovo culture
Hamangia culture
Linear Pottery culture
Malta Temples
Petreşti culture
Sesklo culture
Tisza culture
Tiszapolgár culture
Usatovo culture
Varna culture
Vinča culture
Vučedol culture
Neolithic Transylvania
Neolithic Southeastern Europe
Peiligang culture
Pengtoushan culture
Beixin culture
Cishan culture
Dadiwan culture
Houli culture
Xinglongwa culture
Xinle culture
Zhaobaogou culture
Hemudu culture
Daxi culture
Majiabang culture
Yangshao culture
Hongshan culture
Dawenkou culture
Liangzhu culture
Majiayao culture
Qujialing culture
Longshan culture
Baodun culture
Shijiahe culture
Erlitou culture
South Asia

farming, animal husbandry
pottery, metallurgy, wheel
circular ditches, henges, megaliths
Neolithic religion


Cultural landmarks[edit]


  1. ^ Pareschi, M. T.; Boschi E.; Favalli M. (2006). "Lost tsunami". Geophysical Research Letters 33 (22): L22608. Bibcode:2006GeoRL..3322608P. doi:10.1029/2006GL027790. 
  2. ^ Zdanowicz, C. M.; Zielinski, G. A.; Germani, M. S. (1999). "Mount Mazama eruption; calendrical age verified and atmospheric impact assessed". Geology 27 (7): 621–624. Bibcode:1999Geo....27..621Z. doi:10.1130/0091-7613(1999)027<0621:MMECAV>2.3.CO;2. 
  3. ^ a b Roberts, J: "History of the World.". Penguin, 1994.
  4. ^ "Art of cheese-making is 7,500 years old". Nature. 12 December 2012. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/6th_millennium_BC — Please support Wikipedia.
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