digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















5.8x42 mm.jpg
DBP87 round
Type Rifle
Place of origin People's Republic of China
Service history
Used by People's Liberation Army
Production history
Designer People's Liberation Army
Designed 1979–1987
Produced 1987–Present
Variants 5.8×42mm DBP-87
5.8×42mm DBP-95
5.8×42mm DBP-88 heavy round
5.8×42mm DBP10
Parent case None
Case type Rimless, bottleneck[1]
Bullet diameter 6.00 mm (0.236 in)
Neck diameter 6.65 mm (0.262 in)
Shoulder diameter 9.35 mm (0.368 in)
Base diameter 10.40 mm (0.409 in)
Rim diameter 10.42 mm (0.410 in)
Rim thickness 1.42 mm (0.056 in)
Case length 42.2 mm (1.66 in)
Overall length 58 mm (2.3 in)
Ballistic performance
Bullet weight/type Velocity Energy
4.15 g (64 gr) DBP87/95 FMJ 930 m/s (3,100 ft/s) 1,795 J (1,324 ft·lbf)
5 g (77 gr) DBP88 FMJ 870 m/s (2,900 ft/s) 1,892 J (1,395 ft·lbf)
4.6 g (71 gr) DBP10 FMJ 915 m/s (3,000 ft/s) 1,926 J (1,421 ft·lbf)
Test barrel length: 557mm
Source(s): Anthony Williams[2][3]

The 5.8×42mm / DBP87 ("Dàn (弹) Bùqiāng (步枪) Pŭtòng (普通), 1987"; literally "Standard Rifle Cartridge, 1987") is a rifle cartridge developed in the People's Republic of China. There is limited information on this cartridge, although the People's Liberation Army claims that it is superior to the 5.56×45mm NATO and 5.45×39mm Soviet cartridges. Another variant called the 5.8×42mm “heavy round” was designed specifically for squad automatic weapons and sniper rifles. The 5.8×42mm “heavy round” cartridge has the same dimensions as the standard 5.8×42mm cartridge, but utilizes a longer streamlined bullet with a heavy steel core for increased range and penetration.


China started development of the 5.8×42mm / DBP87 in 1979 and finished in 1987. The 5.8×42mm / DBP87 was designed to replace the Soviet 7.62×39mm cartridge used by the People's Liberation Army (PLA). The Type 95 / QBZ-95 (Chinese: 轻武器,步枪,自动, 1995; Pinyin: Qīng wǔqì, Bùqiāng, Zìdòng, 1995; literally "Light weapon, Rifle, Automatic, 1995") 5.8 mm caliber assault rifle, firing the 5.8×42mm / DBP87 or the improved DBP95, is now the standard issue weapon in the PLA.

The 5.8×42mm is an example of an international tendency towards relatively small sized, light weight, high velocity military service cartridges. Cartridges like the American 5.56×45mm NATO, Soviet 5.45×39mm and 5.8×42mm allow a soldier to carry more ammunition for the same weight compared to their larger and heavier predecessor cartridges and produce relatively low bolt thrust and free recoil impulse, favouring light weight arms design and automatic fire accuracy.[2]

In June 2004, an improved version of the 5.8×42mm cartridge entered development as the matching ammunition for the revised assault rifle, Type 95-1. Both designs were finalized in 2010 and production began the same year. This new cartridge is known as DBP10.


The DBP87/95 cartridge with 4.15 g (64 gr) bullets has a muzzle velocity of 930 m/s (3,050 ft/s) from a standard barrel (Type 95 / QBZ-95, 463 mm barrel length), and 940 to 960 m/s (3,080-3,150 ft/s) from the Type 95 LSW (557 mm barrel length). In order to save cost, several compromises were made. In particular, the cartridge case is made of steel, which is cheaper than brass. To reduce the chance of rust, the case is covered in a thin layer of protective paint in dark brown. Steel is less flexible than brass and therefore does not fill the chamber cavity as well when fired, decreasing the performance. A cleaner-burning propellant and a non-corrosive primer is used for the DBP-87.[4]

The DBP88 “heavy round” cartridge has a 5 g (77 gr) bullet and a muzzle velocity of 870 m/s (2,850 ft/s) from a standard barrel (Type 95 / QBZ-95, 463 mm barrel length), and 940 to 960 m/s (3,080-3,150 ft/s) from the Type 95 LSW / Type 95 SAW / QBB-95 (557 mm barrel length), and 895 m/s (2,935 ft/s) from the Type 88 / QBU-88 (620 mm barrel length). It has an effective range of 800 meters and can penetrate 3 mm steel plates at a distance of 1000 meters. It is reported to have very good accuracy at 600 meters.[5][6]

A new match round has been designed for QBU-88 to improve the rifle's complained accuracy, though no official information has been given.[citation needed]

The People's Liberation Army claims that the 5.8×42mm is superior to the 5.56×45mm NATO SS109 and the 5.45×39mm 7N6; stating it has better armor penetration of 10 mm at 300 meters, a flatter trajectory, and more retained velocity and energy at range.[2]

The newest DBP10 version cartridge has a 4.6 g (71 gr) bullet and a muzzle velocity of 915 m/s (3,000 ft/s) and is designed to match all currently serving 5.8×42mm chambered weapons. It will replace all previous DBP87/95 and DBP88 5.8×42mm rounds. Major improvements include a streamlined shape, non-corrosive primer, a reduction in the diameter of the steel core, and a copper-coated steel case with a copper alloy bullet jacket. It has a cleaner burning propellant so as not to leave residue inside the weapon after firing, as well as a heavier 4.6 g (71 gr) bullet for better penetration of armor and other hard substances. However, although testing of the previous DBP87/95 5.8 mm rounds showed that they were less likely to cause serious wounds, the issue was not addressed with the new DBP10 round.[7][8][9]


See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/5.8×42mm_DBP87 — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
16 videos foundNext > 

Weapons of Modern Warfare - Type 95

In this episode, we're taking a look at the Type 95. The Type 95, or QBZ-95 - which expands and translates as Light weapon, Rifle, Automatic, 1995 - is an ...

Chinese bulletproof vests and hard-plates

This educational video describing the basic functions of both soft armour based on kevlar, aramid and dyneema/spectra fiber and steel/ceramic hard-plates, ...

5.8x42 mm DBP 87

I haven't done one of these in a while.

China Marine Corps QBZ95 rifle type 92 Pistol Shooting

China type 95 and type 92 shooting. Type 95's DBP87(Because this small-caliber stereotypes in 1987, first used in type 87 rifle,now is derived the DBP-10 ...

Comparison of projectiles- 5.56 M855/SS109, 5.8 DBP87, 5.45 7N6

Showing a comparison of Military assault rifle projectiles. US 5.56 M855/SS109, China 5.8 DBP87, and Russian 5.45 7N6. Projectile weights are 62gr M855, ...

China Type 87 (5.8×42mm) Rifle Shooting

Type 87 Small-bore rifle is 5.8×42mm(on the hard target penetration power more than 5.56×45mm,On the Soft target lethality power more than 7.62×39mm) ...

China Type 03 Automatic rifle

480P Type 03 rifles predecessor, called QBZ95A. However, it's except magazines and the bullet(DBP87 5.8mm) with QBZ95 Universal. They almost nothing ...

5.8mm Type 05 Submachine gun. 1

The Type 05 Submachine gun is Unlike QBZ95B(5.8×42mm),Its bullets Caliber is Type DCV05 5.8 mm caliber micro sound of pistol bullets (Good penetration ...

COD : Black Ops 2 - Type-25 Stats - Assault Riffle (HD)

COD : Black Ops 2 - Type-25 Stats - Assault Riffle (HD) All Black Ops Wepons States : http://tiny.cc/15namw Type-25 Info : Country: China Manufacturer: Norinco ...

[Eng Subs] A look at the PLA Type 95 and 5.8mm round. 2/3

Part 2 of 3. Chinese media discussing the Type 95 Rifle and the 5.8mm round. The programme discusses the merits of the Type 95 and the 5.8mm round ...

16 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "5.8×42mm DBP87" right now.


Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight