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The 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade was composed of the 6th, 10th and 27th Canadian Armoured Regiments and saw service in north-west Europe during the Second World War, landing in Normandy on D-Day and remaining in combat up to VE-Day.

2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade
2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade formation patch.png
Formation patch worn by the members of the Brigade
Active 1943–1945
Country  Canada
Branch  Canadian Army
Type Armoured
Size Three armoured regiments
Part of First Canadian Army
British 2nd Army
Engagements

World War II

Commanders
Notable
commanders
Major General George Pearkes
VC PC CC CB DSO MC CD
(February 28, 1888 - May 30, 1984)
The formation sign used to identify the tanks and other vehicles of the 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade.

History[edit]

Soon after 3rd Canadian Tank Brigade assumed the designation in summer 1943 of the original 2nd Canadian Tank Brigade, the new 2nd Tank was redesignated and reorganized as 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade. Although reorganized as an armoured brigade, no motor battalion served under its command. The brigade was assigned to the British 2nd Army in January 1944 to train for the upcoming amphibious assault in Normandy.

This formation rarely fought as an entity. Its primary role was infantry support and thus its regiments were usually individually tasked out to infantry units to participate in particular operations. One of the occasions when the Brigade did undertake an operation on its own, Le Mesnil-Patry / Rots on 11 June 1944, ended with only a partial success and severe losses to the Canadians.

Following the landing in Normandy, the brigade fought at Caen, advanced across France and Belgium, and took part in operations in the Netherlands and Germany while supporting operations of the Canadian 1st Army and the British 2nd Army.

Formation[edit]

Formed as the 2nd Canadian Army Tank Brigade on 26 January 1942, this formation consisted of the 24th Army Tank Battalion (Les Voltigeurs de Québec) (replaced in June 1942 by the 20th Army Tank Regiment (16/22 Saskatchewan Horse)), 23rd Army Tank Battalion (The Halifax Rifles), and the 26th Army Tank Battalion (The Grey and Simcoe Foresters). Equipped with Ram II tanks, in the autumn of 1942 the brigade trained at the newly opened Meaford AFV range on Georgian Bay where the Halifax Rifles had the honour of conducting the first field exercise.

European deployments[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

In June 1943 the brigade was dispatched to the United Kingdom. The following month came an intensive inspection of the units of this brigade and of the 3rd Canadian Army Tank Brigade by Lieutenant-General Harry Crerar, the commander of I Canadian Corps. The purpose of the inspection was to determine which of the two brigades would remain on the order of battle since there was only room for one such formation. The brigade chosen was the 3rd: The 1st Hussars, The Fort Garry Horse, and The Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment.

The 3rd Canadian Army Tank Brigade was raised on 1 January 1943 following a reorganization of the Canadian Armoured Corps in Britain. It adopted the designation 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade (2 CAB) after it was selected by Lieutenant-General Crerar to remain on the order of battle. In August 1943 it was selected to be part of the D-Day invasion force in support of the units of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division.[2]

D-Day[edit]

The brigade's three regiments landed in Normandy on D-Day. Unlike their peers in the 4th Canadian Armoured Brigade, who were usually paired with their division's 10th Canadian Infantry Brigade, the 2nd was paired with any infantry who were in need of armour support.

This formation rarely fought as an entity. Its primary role was infantry support and thus its regiments were usually individually tasked out to infantry units to participate in particular operations. One of the occasions when the Brigade did undertake an operation on its own, Le Mesnil-Patry / Rots on 11 June 1944, ended with only a partial success and severe losses to the Canadians. 2 CAB fought in the North West Europe Campaign longer than any other armoured formation, from D-Day to VE Day, suffering 435 fatal casualties in total. One of the brigade's tanks, Bomb, of the Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment, fought continuously from D-Day to the end of the war, the only Canadian tank to fight unscathed across Northwest Europe. Bomb is preserved today at the Armoury of the Sherbrooke Hussars in Sherbrooke, Quebec.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "31 Combat Engineer Regiment (The Elgin's)". Official Lineages Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments – Engineer Regiments and Squadrons. Directorate of History and Heritage. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade", Canadian War Museum
  3. ^ Sandy MacDonald , “Lieuts Walter White, Ernest Mingo and Bomb”, Sunday Daily News, November 11, 2001

Bibliography[edit]

  • Marteinson, J.K. and McNorgan, Michael. (2000). The Royal Canadian Armoured Corps: An Illustrated History. Kitchener: Robin Brass.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2nd_Canadian_Armoured_Brigade — Please support Wikipedia.
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19 news items

Hamilton Spectator

Hamilton Spectator
Wed, 04 Feb 2015 08:43:13 -0800

Within hours, all that changed as a German plane spotted his group, the 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade, triggering an air attack on their formation that first night. From the beach at Normandy, Hillgartner was in many of the bloodiest battles of the ...
 
Troy Media
Sun, 01 Jun 2014 09:18:45 -0700

Adding much-needed firepower to the assault were various units of the 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade and the Royal Canadian Artillery. Also taking part were some 10,000 sailors of the Royal Canadian Navy as well as Royal Canadian Air Force ...

National Post

durhamregion.com
Sun, 08 Jun 2014 06:55:10 -0700

Canadian soldiers of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division and 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade, which formed the Canadian assault force on Juno Beach suffered 1,074 casualties, including 359 killed on the first day of the invasion. Overall, more than 5,500 ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Mon, 26 May 2014 17:37:14 -0700

9.10: On Juno beach, men from the 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade are brewing tea over a petrol fire and discussing the weather with a group of locals. 9.15: On Sword beach, Lord Lovat is making himself at home. As each unit comes ashore, he greets ...
 
Brant News
Tue, 03 Jun 2014 14:34:58 -0700

The 3rd Canadian Infantry Division and 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade landed on Juno Beach as part of a branch of the operation that included 14,000 Canadian soldiers to land on the beach, 450 to drop in by parachute or glider and 10,000 sailors ...
 
The Barrie Examiner
Fri, 06 Jun 2014 15:08:31 -0700

... two Canadian brigades to manoeuvre to German strongholds near Courseulles, Bernieres and Saint-Aubin as allied artillery from ships and air support weakened opposing defences to allow the arrival of tanks with the 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade and ...

SooToday.com

SooToday.com
Thu, 06 Jun 2013 07:53:38 -0700

Finally, the soldiers of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division and 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade through raw courage, grit and determination engaged in fierce combat on the beaches and in the small towns of Normandy helping smash the first line of German ...
 
National Post (blog)
Fri, 11 Nov 2011 07:01:23 -0800

On June 30, 3rd Canadian Infantry Division and 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade were Canada's only fighting formations in Normandy. These were the same that had landed on D-Day. Plans to bring all of First Canadian Army ashore by June 23 had gone ...
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