digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

2013 Pacific typhoon season
Season summary map
First system formed January 1, 2013
Last system dissipated December 4, 2013
Strongest storm Haiyan – 895 hPa (mbar), 230 km/h (145 mph) (10-minute sustained)
Tropical depressions 52
Total storms 31
Typhoons 13
Super typhoons 5 (Unofficial)
Total fatalities 6825 total
Total damage $22.8 billion (2013 USD)
Pacific typhoon seasons
2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015
Related article

The 2013 Pacific typhoon season was an event in which tropical cyclones formed in the western Pacific Ocean. The season ran throughout 2013, although most tropical cyclones typically developed between May and October. The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean to the north of the equator between 100°E and 180th meridian. Within the northwestern Pacific Ocean, there are two separate agencies that assign names to tropical cyclones which can often result in a cyclone having two names. The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) will name a tropical cyclone should it be judged to have 10-minute sustained wind speeds of at least 65 km/h (40 mph) anywhere in the basin, whilst the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) assigns names to tropical cyclones which move into or form as a tropical depression in their area of responsibility located between 135°E and 115°E and between 5°N–25°N regardless of whether or not a tropical cyclone has already been given a name by the JMA. Tropical depressions that are monitored by the United States' Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) are given a number with a "W" suffix.

Initial seasonal forecasts suggested that tropical cyclone activity during the season would remain generally average. The season began with the formation of Tropical Storm Sonamu (Auring) on January 1, which developed to the west of Guam but reached its peak intensity in the South China Sea. Tropical cyclone activity greatly increased in the month of October with several typhoons forming. Haiyan was the season's strongest cyclone, with estimated ten-minute sustained winds of 230 km/h (145 mph), and a minimum barometric pressure of 895 hectopascals (26.43 inHg). During August, three systems Pewa, Unala, and 03C crossed the 180th meridian and moved into the basin from the Central Pacific.

Seasonal forecasts[edit]

TSR forecasts
Date Tropical
storms
Total
Typhoons
Intense
TCs
ACE
Index
Ref
Average (1965–2012) 26.1 16.3 8.5 295 [1]
May 7, 2013 25.6 16.0 8.9 311 [1]
July 8, 2013 25.4 15.8 8.4 294 [2]
August 6, 2013 22.3 13.2 6.6 230 [3]
Date Forecast
Center
Tropical
storms
Total
Typhoons
Ref
April 25, 2013 CMA-STI 22–25  – [2]
June 30, 2013 CWB 23–27  – [4]
July 26, 2013 CMA-STI 22–25  – [3]
Actual activity JMA 31 13
Actual activity JTWC 28 16

During each season, several national meteorological services and scientific agencies forecast how many tropical cyclones, tropical storms, and typhoons will form during a season and/or how many tropical cyclones will affect a particular country.[1] These agencies include the Tropical Storm Risk (TSR) Consortium of the University College London, Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) and the Vietnamese National Center for Hydro Meteorological forecasts (VNCHMF).[1][4][5]

In early December 2012, the VNCHMF noted that a tropical depression or a tropical storm could form within December or January and affect Southern Vietnam.[6] Within its January — June seasonal climate outlook, PAGASA predicted that two to three tropical cyclones were likely to develop and/or enter the Philippine area of responsibility between January and March while two to four were predicted for the April to June period.[5] On March 3, the VNCHMF predicted that there would be 11 - 13 tropical cyclones over the South China Sea during the season, with 5-6 directly affecting Vietnam.[7] Later that month the Hong Kong Observatory, predicted that the typhoon season in Hong Kong would be near normal with four to seven tropical cyclones passing within 500 km (310 mi) of the territory compared to an average of 6.[8] In late April, the China Meteorological Administration's Shanghai Typhoon Institute (CMA-STI) predicted that between 22 and 25 tropical storms would develop within the basin during the year, while the Thai Meteorological Department (TMD) predicted that at least two tropical storms would move towards Thailand during 2013.[2] The first of the two tropical storms was predicted to pass near Upper Thailand in either August or September, while the other one was expected to move to the south of Southern Thailand during October or November.[9] On May 7, the TSR Consortium released their first forecast of the season and predicted that the basin would see a near average season with 25.6 tropical storms, 16 typhoons, 8.9 "intense" typhoons and an ACE index of about 311 units.[nb 1][1]

In late June after a slow start to the season Taiwan's Central Weather Bureau predicted that the season, would be near average of 25.7 with 23 – 27 tropical storms occurring over the basin during 2013.[4] Between two and four of the systems were also predicted to affect Taiwan compared to an average of around 3.6.[4] Within its July forecast update TSR noted that despite the slow start to the season, they continued to anticipate either near or slightly above-normal activity for the remainder of 2013; however, the ACE index was reduced slightly to 294 units.[2] During July, PAGASA predicted that between eight and eleven tropical cyclones were likely to develop and/or enter the Philippine area of responsibility between July and September while five to eight were predicted to occur between October and December.[10][11][12] Later in the month the VNCHMF, predicted that nine to ten tropical cyclones would be observed within the South China Sea, during the rest of the year.[13] They also predicted that four to five tropical cyclones would directly affect Vietnam, while the CMA-STI predicted that between 22 - 25 tropical storms would develop or move into the basin during the year.[3] On August 6, TSR released their August update and significantly lowered their forecast to 22.3 tropical storms, 13.2 typhoons, 6.6 "intense" typhoons and an ACE index of about 230, which they noted would result in activity about 20% below their 1965–2012 average.[3] This was because the season was running about 60% below the expected year-to-date activity and only one to two typhoons had developed by the end of July.[3] During October 2013, the VNCHMF predicted that one to two tropical cyclones would develop and possibly affect Vietnam between November 2013 and April 2014.[14]

Season summary[edit]

Storms[edit]

Severe Tropical Storm Sonamu (Auring)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration January 1 – January 10
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (10-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

Early on January 1, a tropical depression developed about 1,090 km (675 mi) southwest of Guam.[15] Over the next couple of days, the depression moved northwestward and gradually developed in an area of moderate windshear.[15][16] Late on January 2, the center passed over the Philippine island of Mindanao but maintained its deep convective banding, which prompted the JTWC to issue a tropical cyclone formation alert (TCFA).[17] During the next day, PAGASA named the depression Auring. The system moved westwards into the Sulu Sea, and the JTWC initiated advisories on the system as 01W.[18][19][20] The JMA reported later that day that the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Sonamu, before the JTWC followed suit early on January 4 as the system continued to consolidate.[15][21] After further strengthening, Sonamu intensified into a severe tropical storm on January 5, with 10-minute sustained winds of 95 km/h (60 mph).[15] Early on January 8, the JMA and JTWC reported that Sonamu weakened into a tropical depression. The system dissipated on January 10 about 100 km (60 mi) west of Bintulu in Eastern Malaysia.[15]

Within the Philippines, one person died, while a passenger ship was stranded near the coast of Dumaguete City on January 3 before being rescued.[22]

Tropical Depression Bising[edit]

Tropical depression (JMA)
Duration January 6 – January 13
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Early on January 6, the JMA started to monitor a tropical depression that had developed, about 480 km (300 mi) to the southeast of Melekeok, Palau.[23] Over the next few days the JMA continued to monitor the system as a tropical depression, before PAGASA named it Bising during January 11.[24][25][26] Over the next few days the system moved towards the north-northeast, before it was last noted during January 13, as it weakened into an area of low pressure.[24][25][27]

Bising caused moderate to heavy rains across Bicol Region, Eastern Visayas, Central Visayas and Mindanao.[28]

Tropical Storm Shanshan (Crising)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration February 18 – February 23
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

On February 18, a tropical depression formed about 650 km (405 mi) east of southern Mindanao,[29] with PAGASA naming it Crising.[30] With low to moderate wind shear,[31] the depression developed further. On February 19, the JTWC initiated warnings on Tropical Depression 02W,[32] but discontinued advisories two days later after the circulation became poorly defined and convection was sheared. However, the JMA reported that the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Shanshan on February 21.[29][33] The next day, Shanshan weakened into a tropical depression before dissipating northwest of Malaysia.[29]

Heavy rains from the storm triggered flooding in the southern Philippines that killed four people and left two others missing. A total of 262,880 people were affected throughout the country, nearly half in the Davao Region. The storm destroyed 53 homes and damaged 119 others, while crop damage amounted to 11.2 million (US$255,000).[34] On February 20, classes in three cities in Cebu were suspended due to heavy rains.[35]

Tropical Storm Yagi (Dante)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration June 6 – June 12
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

On June 6, a tropical depression formed southeast of the Philippines within an area of moderate wind shear.[36][37] Located along the western edge of the subtropical ridge, the system gradually intensified while moving to the northeast, aided by strong divergence.[37][38] On June 7, PAGASA named the system Dante, and the next day the JMA upgraded the depression to Tropical Storm Yagi.[36][39] Later, the JTWC initiated advisories and quickly upgraded to tropical storm status after the system consolidated.[38][40] Slow strengthening continued, and Yagi peaked with winds of 85 km/h (50 mph) on June 10.[36] However, the storm was soon impacted by northwesterly wind shear, causing the system to become disorganized and weaken in intensity.[41] Early on June 12, Yagi became extratropical to the south of Japan, and four days later it dissipated about 1,600 km (995 mi) southeast of Tokyo, Japan.[36]

After Yagi had enhanced the south-west monsoon which brought heavy rain to parts of the Philippines, PAGASA declared that the rainy season had begun on June 11, 2013.[42] Yagi also brought some rain to parts of Japan, including the island of Honshu.[43]

Tropical Storm Leepi (Emong)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration June 16 – June 21
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  994 mbar (hPa)

Early on June 16, a tropical depression formed southeast of the Philippines, which PAGASA named Emong.[44][45] Late on June 17, the JTWC initiated advisories on Tropical Depression 04W. The next day, the JMA upgraded the depression to Tropical Storm Leepi on June 18 after further organization and a general northward movement.[44][46] Interaction with a tropical upper tropospheric trough (TUTT) cell to the east of Leepi sheared the convection to the southwest of the center, which consisted of several smaller circulations. Based on this occurrence, the JTWC downgraded the system to tropical depression intensity early on June 20,[47] and early the next day, the JMA declared Leepi as extratropical near southwestern Japan. The storm fully dissipated early on June 24.[44]

Due to heavy rainfall from the precursor system, PAGASA issued a flash flood warning for parts of Mindanao.[48] Heavy precipitation was reported in Davao City,[49] as well as Greater Manila, where the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority offered free rides to stricken commuters.[50] This system caused rains over parts of the Philippines including Southern Luzon, Visayas and Northern Mindanao. Later, the outer rainbands of Leepi caused downpours over eastern Taiwan.[51] In Okinawa, sustained winds reached 55 km/h (35 mph) and gusts peaked at 87 km/h (54 mph).[52] Despite losing much of its convection before reaching Japan, the remnants of Leepi continued to drop heavy rainfall. In Umaji, Kōchi, a station recorded 354.5 mm (13.96 in) of rain in a 24-hour period, more than half of the average June rainfall for the station.[53]

Tropical Storm Bebinca (Fabian)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration June 19 – June 24
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

In mid-June, strong but disorganized convection persisted in the South China Sea approximately 1,110 km (690 mi) south of Hong Kong.[54] The disturbance gradually organized, and was classified as a tropical depression by the JMA at 1800 UTC on June 19;[55] PAGASA followed suit six hours later, naming the system Fabian.[56] Despite wind shear generated by a subtropical ridge, the depression maintained a well-defined circulation, allowing the system to intensify.[57] At 0000 UTC on June 21, the JMA upgraded the cyclone to Tropical Storm Bebinca.[58] Following this upgrade in strength, however, Bebinca failed to intensify further, and leveled out in intensity prior to making landfall on Hainan on June 22. Bebinca's passage weakened the system to tropical depression strength, and, despite moving over the Gulf of Tonkin, failed to restrengthen before making a final landfall on June 23 east of Hanoi.[59]

Due to the potential effects of Bebinca, Sanya Phoenix International Airport cancelled or delayed 147 inbound and outbound flights, leaving 8,000 passengers stranded.[60] In Beibu Bay, a fishing boat with four fishermen on board lost communication contact with the mainland, but were found the subsequent day.[61][62] Rainfall in Hainan peaked at 227 mm (8.9 in) in Sanya. A total of 11.55 million people were affected,[63] and damage amounted to ¥32.46 million (US$5.3 million).[64] Heavy rains affected several provinces in northern Vietnam, peaking at 356 mm (14.0 in) in Hon Ngu, Nghe An Province.[65]

Severe Tropical Storm Rumbia (Gorio)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration June 27 – July 2
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (10-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

In late June, a low pressure area persisted within the ITCZ east of the Philippines. Initially tracking southward, the disturbance moved east and then recurved to the west.[66] Steadily organizing, the disturbance became a tropical depression on June 27,[67] moving to the northwest due to a nearby ridge.[68] On June 28, the disturbance strengthened into Tropical Storm Rumbia, and the next day made its first landfall on Eastern Samar in the Philippines.[67][69] Rumbia spent roughly a day moving across the archipelago before emerging into the South China Sea,[70][71] where it resumed strengthening to a peak of 95 km/h (50 mph) on July 1, a severe tropical storm.[67] The storm weakened slightly before moving ashore the Leizhou Peninsula in China late that day. Due to land interaction, Rumbia quickly weakened into a low pressure area on July 2 and dissipated soon after.[72]

Upon landfall in the Philippines, Rumbia caused extensive flooding across multiple islands, which disrupted transportation and displaced thousands of people.[73] Power outages resulted from the heavy rain and strong winds,[74] and seven deaths were reported within Concepcion, Iloilo after an unnamed motorbanca capsized.[75] At its landfall in China, Rumbia damaged large swaths of agricultural cropland and destroyed at least 112 buildings, causing ¥7.68 million in damage.[76]

Typhoon Soulik (Huaning)[edit]

Main article: Typhoon Soulik (2013)
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 7 – July 14
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (10-min)  925 mbar (hPa)

In early July, an upper-level cold-core low persisted well to the northeast of Guam.[77] Gaining tropical characteristics, the system soon developed a surface low and became a tropical depression early on July 7.[78] Tracking generally westward, a motion it would retain for its entire existence, the depression underwent a period of rapid intensification starting on July 8 that culminated in Soulik attaining its peak strength early on July 10.[79] At that time, the system had sustained winds estimated at 185 km/h (115 mph) and barometric pressure of 925 hPa (27.32 inHg).[78] Thereafter, an eyewall replacement cycle and cooler waters weakened the system.[80] Though it passed over the warm waters of the Kuroshio Current the following day,[81] dry air soon impinged upon the typhoon.[82] Soulik later made landfall late on July 12 in northern Taiwan before weakening in to a tropical storm.[78] Briefly emerging over the Taiwan Strait,[83] the storm moved onshore for a second time in Fujian on July 13.[78][84] The system was last noted on July 14, as it dissipated over land.[78]

Striking Taiwan as a strong typhoon, Soulik brought gusts up to 220 km/h (140 mph) and torrential rains.[85] Numerous trees and power lines fell,[86] leaving roughly 800,000 without electricity.[87] Severe flooding prompted thousands to evacuate as well.[85] Four people lost their lives on the island while 123 more were injured.[88] Agricultural losses in Taiwan amounted to at least NT$1.27 billion (US$42.55 million).[89] In East China, more than 162 million people were affected by the storm. Heavy rains and typhoon-force winds caused extensive damage and killed three people in Guangdong and two in Jiangxi. More than 2,000 homes collapsed and losses reached ¥2.51 billion (US$408 million).[90]

Tropical Storm Cimaron (Isang)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration July 15 – July 18
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

A tropical disturbance formed east of the Philippines on July 15. Later that day, it was given the name Isang by the PAGASA.[91] Early the next day, it intensified into Tropical Storm Cimaron as it made several thunderstorms. Its remnants stayed east of Taiwan on July 19 and it finally dissipated on July 20.[92]

On July 17, a lightning incident within the Philippine province of Ilocos Sur, left two people dead and two others injured.[93] Torrential rains over southern Fujian Province triggered significant flooding, with areas already saturated from Typhoon Soulik less than a week prior. A 24 hour peak of 505.3 mm (19.89 in) was measured in Mei Village, with an hourly maximum of 132.3 mm (5.21 in).[94] Many homes were inundated and several roads were washed out.[95] Some areas experienced 1-in-500-year flooding. Approximately 20.28 million people were affected by the storm, 8.92 million of whom were temporarily relocated. At least one person was killed and another was reported missing.[96] Direct economic losses from the storm amounted to ¥1.552 billion (US$252.8 million).[97] An unusually intense thunderstorm associated with Cimaron produced a prolific lightning event over Xiamen, with 406 strikes recorded in two hours.[98]

Severe Tropical Storm Jebi (Jolina)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration July 28 – August 3
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (10-min)  985 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Tropical Storm Jebi

On July 26, a low pressure area was observed 600 km (375 mi) east of General Santos City and was embedded along the intertropical convergence zone that brought heavy rains to Mindanao.[99] During the next three days, the low pressure area crossed the Philippines and arrived on the West Philippine Sea on July 30, located west of Batangas.[100] After favorable conditions, both PAGASA and JMA upgraded the system into a tropical depression and was named Jolina. On July 31, the JMA upgraded the system into a tropical storm and was given the international name Jebi.[101]

In Cotabato City, incessant rains caused by the low-pressure area in Mindanao submerged 25 of its 37 villages. The floods forced the city government to suspend classes for elementary both public and private schools. Heavy rains also flooded areas around the Liguasan marshland, including 14 low-lying towns in Maguindanao and seven towns in North Cotabato.[102]

At least six people were killed in Vietnam. The most extensive losses took place in Quảng Ninh Province where 320 homes and 200 hectares of crops were damaged. Losses in the area amounted to VND10 billion (US$476,000).[103]

Tropical Storm Mangkhut (Kiko)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 5 – August 8
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  992 mbar (hPa)

Early on August 5, the JMA and PAGASA reported that a tropical depression had developed within a favourable environment for further development, about 145 km (90 mi) to the northeast of Puerto Princesa in Palawan with the latter naming it as Kiko.[104][105][106] Later that day as the system consolidated further the JMA reported that the depression had developed into a tropical storm and named it Mangkhut, before the JTWC initiated advisories and designated it as Tropical Depression 10W.[104][107][108] Over the next couple of days the system moved towards the north-northwest before it made landfall in Northern Vietnam during August 7 before it was last noted early the next day as it dissipated over Laos.[104]

Downpours throughout Wednesday night till Thursday were recorded at 80 mm (3.1 in) deep on streets of the capital, causing difficulties for many people to go to work. Meanwhile, rainfall went up to about 300 mm (12 in) in central Thanh Hóa and northern Hai Phong city amid wind with a speed hitting 62–88 km/h (40–55 mph).[109][110]

Typhoon Utor (Labuyo)[edit]

Main article: Typhoon Utor
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 8 – August 18
Peak intensity 195 km/h (120 mph) (10-min)  925 mbar (hPa)

On August 8, the JMA, JTWC, and PAGASA reported that a tropical depression had developed about 560 km (350 mi) to the north of Palau, with the latter naming it as Labuyo as it approached the Philippine Area of Responsibility.[111][112][113] During the next day, the JMA reported that the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Utor.[111] Shortly thereafter, Utor began undergoing explosive intensification, achieving typhoon status early on August 10, as an eye developed.[114] At 1200 UTC on August 11, Typhoon Utor attained peak intensity by the ten-minute maximum sustained winds reaching 195 km/h (121 mph) and the atmospheric pressure decreasing to 925 mbar (27.3 inHg). The system became exceptionally symmetrical, as the convective bands had further deepened, which prompted JTWC upgrading Utor to a super typhoon.[115] Continuing westward, Utor made landfall over northern Luzon that evening.[116] It emerged into the South China Sea as a weakened storm,[117][118] and Utor failed to re-intensify significantly.[119] At 07:50 UTC on August 14, Utor made landfall over Yangjiang in Guangdong, as a minimal typhoon.[120] On August 15, after Utor made landfall in China. The remnants of Utor continued to travel slowly in a northerly direction.[citation needed]

The Aurora province suffered the most damage from the typhoon, especially the coastal town of Casiguran.[121] The capital of Manila received heavy rain but no significant damage was reported. 80 percent of the infrastructure was believed to be destroyed at Casiguran (about 2,000 homes). A total of over 12,000 homes were damaged. The town was isolated from the rest of the area when Utor's wind toppled transmission lines and cut off power.[122] 158,000 residents were evacuated in southern China. Hong Kong was hit by winds of up to 85 km/h (53 mph) while neighbouring Macao was battered with gusts of 70 km/h (43 mph). One person was killed in China, and hundreds of flights were either cancelled or delayed. A 190-metre (210 yd) long cargo ship was sunk off the coast of Hong Kong due to waves reaching up to 15 metres (16 yd) high. The crew abandoned the vessel and were saved by rescue workers.[123][124][125][126] In total, Utor caused 103 deaths and affected about 2.5 million residents. The typhoon has topped $392 million (USD) in damage.[127][128][129][130]

Severe Tropical Storm Trami (Maring)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 16 – August 24
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (10-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

On August 16, a tropical depression had developed within a marginal environment for further development about 340 kilometres (210 mi) southeast of Taipei, Taiwan.[131][132] During that day, the low level circulation consolidated while moving to the southeast, given the name Maring by PAGASA.[131][132][133] It interacted with another depression to the north, exhibiting the Fujiwhara effect.[134] On August 18, the depression also known as Maring strengthened into a Tropical Storm Trami according to the JMA, while steadily tracking generally eastwards.[135] Trami weakened below typhoon intensity on August 23. The remnants of the system continued to move inland in a westerly direction. Trami made landfall in the Fujian province of China on August 22, 2:40am local time.[136][137]

On August 18, officials in Luzon closed classes and government buildings in some cities due to heavy rainfall. Majors areas in Metro Manila and nearby provinces reported severe flooding. The Marikina River rose as high as 19 m (62 ft), forcing authorities evacuate nearby residents. Four provinces and Metro Manila were declared a state of calamity,[138][139][140][141][142] and there were 18 deaths.[137][143][144] The Yaeyama and Miyako Islands of Japan were battered with gusts from Trami as the system headed for Taiwan and China.[145][146] In Taiwan, the storm produced gale force winds and heavy rainfall in northern Taiwan, with Taipei receiving 12 in (300 mm) of rain. Trami injured 10 people and forced 6,000 to evacuate, but damage was minor in Taiwan.[143][147] In Fujian in eastern China, winds peaked at 126 km/h (78 mph), and heavy rainfall occurred in several cities, forcing over 100,000 people to evacuate.[137][144] The system also intensified floods brought by earlier monsoonal rains in China, wreaking havoc. In total, Trami caused $1.83 million (USD) in damage.[137][143][144]

Tropical Depression 13W[edit]

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration August 16 – August 19
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  996 mbar (hPa)

On August 16, the JMA reported that a tropical depression had developed about 1,275 km (790 mi) to the southeast of Taipei.[148] After interacting with Trami, the depression hit the Eastern Chinese coast and dissipated on August 18 and its remnants continued to move westerly track.[149]

Severe Tropical Storm Pewa[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 18 (Entered basin) – August 26
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

During August 18, the JMA and the JTWC reported that Tropical Storm Pewa, had moved into the Western Pacific basin from the Central Pacific, about 1,640 km (1,020 mi) to the southeast of Wake Island.[150][151] During August 20 the JTWC reported that Pewa had become equivalent to a Category 1 hurricane on the SSHS, before reporting that the system had weakened into a tropical storm. Later that day, it was classified as a severe tropical storm by the JMA but wasn't classified as a typhoon. Pewa moved northwest as weak vertical windshear caused it to slowly weaken on August 22. On August 23, vertical windshear caused Pewa to weaken as it moved north. The JTWC then downgraded to a tropical storm later that day. Very early on August 25, Pewa was downgraded to a storm by the JMA. The next day, Pewa's circulaion became exposed as it becomes a depression.[152] On August 26, Pewa fully dissipated.[150]

Tropical Storm Unala[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Duration August 19 (Entered basin) – August 19
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

During August 19, the JMA and JTWC reported that Tropical Storm Unala had moved into the Western Pacific basin from the Central Pacific, as it rapidly weakened and moved westwards into the periphery of Severe Tropical Storm Pewa.[153][154] The system was last noted by the JMA later that day as it weakened into a tropical depression and dissipated.[154][155]

Tropical Depression 03C[edit]

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration August 21 (Entered basin) – August 21
Peak intensity <55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  1008 mbar (hPa)

On August 21, the JMA and the JTWC both reported that Tropical Depression 03C had moved into the Western Pacific from the Central Pacific, as it moved westwards into the periphery of Severe Tropical Storm Pewa, before dissipating the next day.[155][156][157]

Severe Tropical Storm Kong-rey (Nando)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 25 – August 30
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

On August 23, an area of convection persisted southeast of Manila. As indicated in global models, the system is forecast to consolidate as it moves poleward to more favorable environment conditions.[158] On August 25 JMA announced the formation of a Tropical Depression to the east of the Philippines[159] and PAGASA allocated the designation Nando.[160] The next day, it was also upgraded to Tropical Depression 14W then became Tropical Storm Kong-rey early on August 27. Kong-rey brought heavy showers and gusty winds in the Philippines as the storm continued to intensify.[161] On August 28, Kong-rey reached Severe Tropical Storm strength. It was then later has an exposed circulation shortly then it was downgraded to a tropical storm on August 29 as it is reported that 3 were killed in Taiwan.[162] It was fully dissipated by early August 31.[citation needed]

Tropical Storm Yutu[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Subtropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration August 29 – September 5
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Late on August 29, the JMA reported that a tropical depression had developed about 1,145 km (710 mi) to the northeast of Wake Island.[163] Moving northeast, over the next three days the depression gradually developed further before the JMA named it Yutu on September 1.[163] Later that day, as dry air wrapped into the circulation and strong vertical wind shear affected the system, the JTWC declared it a subtropical low. Meanwhile, the JMA reported that Yutu had weakened into a tropical depression.[163][164] Over the next few days, Yutu performed a small loop and started to move westwards.[165] The system was subsequently last noted by both agencies on September 5, as it dissipated, while it was located about 1,425 km (885 mi) to the northeast of Wake Island.[163][166]

Severe Tropical Storm Toraji[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 31 – September 4
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (10-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Late on August 30, a disturbance formed west of Taiwan from the outer rainbands of Kong-rey. Early on August 31, the JMA upgraded it to a tropical depression that had developed about 60 km (35 mi) to the north of Taipei, Taiwan.[167] It was then later, designated as 15W by the JTWC as it moved towards the east of Taiwan. Favorable conditions of strengthening to a tropical storm as it heads to wards warm waters. Just nearly the same time when Yutu was declared a tropical storm, Tropical Depression 15W rapidly intensified into Tropical Storm Toraji. Toraji entered the southern islands of Japan as it intensified.[168] On September 2, Toraji created a small unbalanced eye as it rapidly races towards Japan. On September 3, moderate wind shear occurred as the JMA upgraded Toraji to a severe tropical storm as it enters the southern cost of Japan killing 3. Strong vertical wind shear made Toraji weaken to a depression. The JMA reported on September 4, that Toraji had degenerated into an extratropical low, before it dissipated during the next day.[167]

Typhoon Man-yi[edit]

Main article: Typhoon Man-yi (2013)
Typhoon (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration September 11 – September 16
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (10-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

A large disturbance formed near the Northern Mariana Islands late on September 9. Late on September 11, it developed into a tropical depression about 565 km (350 mi) to the northeast of Saipan.[169] It was designated as 16W by the JTWC and upgraded to Tropical storm Man-yi on September 12, moving northwestward. Man-yi intensifying and grew larger as the pressure dropped 20 mbar (0.59 inHg).[170] Late on September 14, Man-yi became a severe tropical storm, forming a small eye, and the next day strengthened briefly into a typhoon.[169] Man-yi turned northward toward Japan, making landfall on September 16 near Toyohashi.[171] Around that time, the storm became extratropical, and on September 20 Man-yi dissipated near the Kamchatka Peninsula.[169]

Across western Japan, hundreds of thousands of people were ordered to evacuate, including 260,000 in Kyoto. The JMA issued a “special warning” for three western Japan prefectures of Fukui, Kyoto, and Shiga. Over 70 people were injured and at least one person was killed. The government of Japan set up emergency task forces and employed rescue teams. Many homes were flooded and about 80,000 were without electricity in western and central Japan. Trains in Tokyo and its vicinity were suspended and hundreds of flights were grounded.[172]

Typhoon Usagi (Odette)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 16 – September 24
Peak intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (10-min)  910 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Typhoon Usagi (2013)

From the southwest monsoon combined with the outflow of Typhoon Man-yi, it created a couple of disturbances on September 14. Early on September 16, it became a tropical depression which developed within an area of low wind shear about 1,300 km (810 mi) east of Manila in the Philippines.[173][174] During that day as the circulation became better defined, PAGASA named the system "Odette",[175][176] and later JMA upgraded the system to Tropical Storm Usagi.[177] On September 17, JTWC upgraded Usagi to a tropical storm,[178] and the next day both JMA and JTWC upgraded Usagi to a typhoon due to a developing eye.[179] On September 19, Usagi began explosive intensification and formed a round eye; as the result, JTWC upgraded Usagi to a Category 5 equivalent-super typhoon on the SSHWS, and the typhoon reached its peak intensity at 18Z.[180] On September 20, Usagi began an eyewall replacement cycle and weakened due to land interaction between Taiwan and Luzon.[181] When Usagi entered the Bashi Channel early on September 21, JTWC downgraded it to a typhoon due to weakening convection.[182] At 11:40 UTC (19:40 CST) on September 22, Usagi made landfall over Shanwei, Guangdong, China.[183] Soon, JTWC issued the final warning of Usagi, and JMA downgraded it to a severe tropical storm at 18Z.[184] On September 23, JMA downgraded Usagi to a tropical depression in Guangxi.[185]

Tropical Depression 18W[edit]

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration September 16 – September 21
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  996 mbar (hPa)

On September 16, the JMA reported that a tropical depression had developed within an area of low to moderate vertical windshear, about 1,000 km (620 mi) to the southeast of Hà Nội, Vietnam.[186][187] Over the next two days the depression gradually developed further as it moved westwards, before the JTWC issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert late on September 17, as vertical windshear over the system decreased slightly.[188] During the next day after the depressions low level circulation center had started to consolidate, the JTWC initiated advisories and designated it as Tropical Depression 18W.[189] During that day the system moved westwards along the southern edge of the subtropical ridge of high pressure, before the JTWC issued its final warning on the system later that day after the depression had made landfall in Vietnam.[189][190] Over the next couple of days the system continued to move westwards and moved through Vietnam, Laos and Thailand, before it was last noted on September 21, over the Thai province of Phetchabun.[191]

In Vietnam, flooding triggered by the storm killed at least seven people and 5,000 homes were damaged or destroyed. Severe flooding took place in neighboring Laos where at least 10,000 structures were damaged and losses reached $61 million.[192]

Severe Tropical Storm Pabuk[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 19 – September 27
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (10-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

On September 19, the JMA reported that a tropical depression had developed about 325 km (200 mi) to the southeast of the Northern Mariana Islands, Saipan.[193] over the next couple of days the system moved towards the northwest before the JTWC initated advisories on the system and designated it as Tropical Depression 19W during September 21. Later that day, the JTWC upgraded it to a tropical storm as the JMA named it Pabuk very early on September 22.[193][194] Pabuk just maintained its strength as it created a weak eye on September 23. Pabuk also enhanced the southwest monsoon which brought heavy floods in the Philippines and created a disturbance which will later be Typhoon Wutip. The eye became bigger as it headed towards warm waters the next day. Pabuk was upgraded to a Category 2 typhoon by the JTWC but the JMA still has called this as a severe tropical storm on September 24. Severe tropical storm Pabuk weaken to a tropical storm on early on September 25. After reaching its peak intensity the following day, it gradually weakened before transitioning into an extratropical cyclone on September 27. Pabuk fully dissipated as it crossed the International Dateline on September 29.[195]

Typhoon Wutip (Paolo)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 25 – October 1
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (10-min)  965 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Typhoon Wutip (2013)

A tropical disturbance formed from the southwest monsoon which was been enhanced by Pabuk on September 23. On September 25, it became a tropical depression and slowly deepened off the west coast of the Philippines and named it Paolo by the PAGASA and classified by the JTWC early the next day.[196] The system tracked west and strengthened into a tropical storm and named it Wutip on September 27 as it brought rainfall across Luzon. Tropical Storm Wutip became a severe tropical storm as it moved westwards on September 28, and rapidly became a typhoon. On September 29, Wutip became a Moderate Typhoon as it created an eye towards Thailand.[197][198] It was rapidly downgraded by a tropical storm as it moved westwards on September 30. It slowly dissipated and crossed the 100th meridian very early on October 2.[citation needed]

As of September 29, 74 Chinese fishermen were missing after the storm sunk 3 fishing boats in the South China Sea near the Paracel Islands as Thailand and Vietnam braced for torrential rain and flooding. Fourteen survivors had been rescued. Rain reached Vietnam on September 30 and then Thailand the following day, killing 12 people in Vietnam.[199] Wutip killed 65 people in southeastern Asia during late September and early October.[200]

Tropical Storm Sepat[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration September 29 – October 2
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  992 mbar (hPa)

A very weak low pressure area formed on September 27. During September 28, the JTWC started to monitor and classified it as a subtropical system under strong wind shear about 2,270 km (1,410 mi) to the southeast of Tokyo, Japan.[201] After trnastioning into a tropical cyclone,[202] the JMA reported that the system had become a tropical depression during the next day.[203] After consolidating,[202] the JMA reported that the system had become a tropical storm early on September 30.[203] The JTWC subsequently designated the system as Tropical Depression 21W later that day, as they initiated advisories on the system.[204] It impacted Japan on October 2 without any damages and casualties. Tropical Storm Sepat entered cool waters later that day. It became extratropical on October 3.[citation needed]

Typhoon Fitow (Quedan)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 29 – October 7
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (10-min)  960 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Typhoon Fitow

A large tropical disturbance formed east of Palau late on September 26. It intensified to a tropical depression on September 29, and the PAGASA named it Quedan and JTWC designated it with 22W later that day. On September 30, deep convection wrapped around Quedan as it became a tropical storm, and it was named Fitow on October 1.[205] Fitow rapidly intensified into a Category 2 typhoon as it moved north on October 3. A large eye developed as Fitow slammed into the southern Japanese Islands late on October 4, killing two people.[206] Chinese authorities recalled some 65,000 fishing boats as 200 km/h (120 mph) wind gusts battered Wenzhou. 574,000 people were evacuated from Zhejiang and 177,000 from Fujian.

70% of downtown Yuyao was flooded, which led to damage valued at over 20 billion yuan [207] as well as riots and action by riot police.[208]

Chinese authorities reported one person killed in Wenzhou and two dock workers missing.[209]

Typhoon Danas (Ramil)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 1 – October 9
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min)  935 mbar (hPa)

On October 1, the JMA reported that a tropical depression had developed within an area of moderate vertical windshear, about 900 km (560 mi) to the northeast of Hagåtña, Guam.[210][211] Over the next 2 days the system gradually developed further as the low level circulation consolidated and became better defined, before the JTWC initiated advisories and designated the system as Tropical Depression 23W during October 3.[212][213][214] During the next day both the JTWC and the JMA reported that the depression had developed into a tropical storm with the latter naming it as Danas.[211][215] On October 5, Danas became a severe tropical storm and rapidly became a Category 1 typhoon as it races west towards warm waters.

Late on the same day, some agencies reported that it would reach early Category 5 strength because of explosive intensification occurred and more convection wraps the storm. Early on October 6, Typhoon Danas was classified as a Category 2-3 typhoon as a small eye developed as the PAGASA gave it the name Ramil as it passed through the corner of the Philippine area-of-responsibility later that day as a strong Category 3 typhoon.[216] Typhoon Danas underwent explosive intensification as it steadily and slowly enters warmwaters again making it a Category 4 typhoon.[217] Its eye became wider and was classified as a annular typhoon and impacted the Ryukyu Islands on October 7.[218][219] Typhoon Danas then rapidly weakened as it entered cool waters near Japan on October 8,[220] and on October 9, Danas became extratropical as it headed toward the northern part of Japan.[221][222] Its remnants continued to be a low-pressure area and entered southern Alaska and Canada on October 13.[citation needed]

Typhoon Nari (Santi)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 8 – October 16
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (10-min)  965 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Typhoon Nari (2013)

On October 8, the JMA started to monitor a tropical depression, that developed within an area of low to moderate vertical windshear, about 1,350 km (840 mi) to the west of Manila on the Philippine island of Luzon.[202][223] During that day the system moved westwards along the southern edge of a subtropical ridge of high pressure, as it gradually developed further, before it was named Santi by PAGASA.[202][224][225] It gradually intensified into a tropical storm, gaining the international name Nari on October 9.[citation needed] Nari continued to intensify, and reached Category 3 status on October 11 as it moved west towards the Philippines and made landfall in Dingalan, Aurora. Power outages affected much of Central Luzon as the typhoon crossed the region.[226] Five people were killed by falling trees and landslides from Nari as it weakened to a Category 2 typhoon on October 12.[227] With land interaction, Nari weakened to a Severe Tropical Storm during October 13, and rapidly a Category 2 again. During late October 14, the effects of Nari was affected in Vietnam, calling it Storm 11. The storm finally made landfall over Vietnam later that day. Due to land interaction, Nari weakened to an remnant low. Early on October 16, both the JMA and JTWC issued their final warnings on Nari, as the system dissipated.[citation needed]

Typhoon Wipha (Tino)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 9 – October 16
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min)  930 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Typhoon Wipha (2013)

On October 8, 2013 the JMA started to monitor a tropical depression, that developed within an area of low to moderate vertical windshear, about 670 km (415 mi) to the east of Hagåtña on the island of Guam.[228][229] Tropical Depression 25W formed 696 nautical miles south of Iwo Jima, Japan on October 10.[230][231][232] It strengthened into Tropical Storm Wipha, then continued to intensify into a severe tropical storm[233] and later a typhoon.[234][235] Wipha then rapidly intensified into a Category 4 typhoon on October 13.[236] During the morning of October 14, Wipha entered the Philippine area of responsibility, and PAGASA promptly named it Tino as it created an eyewall replacement cycle becoming a Category 4 typhoon later that day.[237] Early on October 15, Wipha rapidly weakened as it approached cooler waters near Japan.Late on October 16, Wipha transitioned into an extratropical storm. The remnants of Wipha continued to accelerate towards the northeast, and was located southeast of the Kamchatka Peninsula on October 17. Soon afterwards, Wipha turned to the east, and crossed the International Dateline on October 18.[citation needed]

Typhoon Francisco (Urduja)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 15 – October 26
Peak intensity 195 km/h (120 mph) (10-min)  920 mbar (hPa)

On October 15, the JMA reported that a tropical depression had developed about 465 km (290 mi) to the northeast of Hagåtña, Guam.[238] During that day the depression gradually developed further before later that day the JTWC designated it as Tropical Depression 26W.[239] It was subsequently named Francisco by the JMA as it very rapidly became a Severe Tropical Storm early on October 17.[240][241] Explosive intensification occurred, and Francisco evolved to a Category 5 super typhoon late on October 19 and reached peak intensity early later that day.[242] Francisco slowly weakened as it underwent an eyewall replacement cycle. At noon on October 21, Typhoon Francisco rapidly weakened to a Category 3 typhoon and became an annular typhoon. Very early on October 22, Francisco entered the Philippine area of responsibility and it was given the name Urduja, as convection around Francisco started to weaken later that day.[243] On October 23, Typhoon Francisco was downgraded to a Severe tropical storm as it impacted the Ryukyu Islands. On October 26, Francisco impacted Japan as a tropical storm. It then rapidly dissipated southeast of Japan also interacting with extratropical storm Lekima the same day.[citation needed]

Tropcial Depression 27W[edit]

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration October 17 – October 22
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Early on October 17, a tropical depression developed about 900 km (560 mi) northeast of Guam.[244] The system gradually developed further within an area of moderate windshear that was off-set by an outflow mechanism,[245][246] and early on October 19, the JTWC designated it as Tropical Depression 27W.[247] During that day, the system moved northeastwards within an area of strong wind shear, along the southwestern edge of the subtropical ridge.[248] The JTWC issued their final advisory on the system early on October 20, after convection diminished.[249] The system was last noted by the JMA on October 23 southeast of Tokyo, Japan.[250]

Typhoon Lekima[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 19 – October 26
Peak intensity 215 km/h (130 mph) (10-min)  905 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Typhoon Lekima (2013)

Early on October 19, 2013 the JMA reported that a tropical depression had developed, within an area of strong vertical windshear, about 730 km (455 mi) to the northeast of the Micronesian island of Pohnpei.[251][252] Due to an increase in convection and a consolidating low level circulation centre, the JTWC issued a tropical cyclone formation alert on the system later that day.[253] On October 20, the JTWC initiated advisories on the system later that day, while the JMA upgraded the system into Tropical Storm Lekima at 1800 UTC after it had developed into a tropical storm.[251][254] The next day, the JMA reported that Lekima had become a severe tropical storm, while the JTWC reported that the system had become a typhoon.[251][255]

After JMA upgraded Lekima to a typhoon early on October 22, the system began to undergo rapid deepening, developing a well-defined eye with a symmetric eyewall.[251][256] Late on the same day, JTWC upgraded the system to a super typhoon with Category 5 strength on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale, owing to dual-channel outflow.[257]

Since early on October 23, JMA reported that Typhoon Lekima has reached peak intensity and maintained for over one day.[251] However, morphed integrated microwave imageries at CIMSS (MIMIC) depict that Lekima underwent an eyewall replacement cycle late on that day and completed it one day later.[258] Lekima started to slowly weaken on October 24, and JTWC downgraded it to a typhoon.[259] On October 25, under moderate to strong westerly vertical wind shear and interacting with the mid-latitude westerlies, Lekima began an extratropical transition and lost the eyewall structure.[260] On October 26, Lekima completed its transition east of Japan and weakened into a storm-force developed low. The low fully dissipated as it crossed the International Dateline on October 28.[251]

Typhoon Krosa (Vinta)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 27 – November 5
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (10-min)  970 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Typhoon Krosa (2013)

A non-tropical system formed late on October 23. It became a low pressure area on October 26. On October 27, the JMA started to classify it as a tropical depression that had developed within a moderately favourable environment for further development, about 380 km (235 mi) to the southeast of Hagåtña, Guam.[261] On October 28, the system was given the designation 29W by the JTWC and named Vinta by the PAGASA.[262] It became Tropical Storm Krosa by the JMA as it slowly intensified nearing the Philippines early on October 30. The next day, Krosa reached Category 1 typhoon intensity. Later that morning, the typhoon made landfall over Santa Ana, Cagayan. The typhoon intensified into a Category 2 typhoon soon after its Cagayan landfall. It is reported that 1 person died by heavy floods.[263] On November 1, Krosa weakened to a Category 1 typhoon, but on early November 2, its eye expanded as it was in the South China Sea and became a Category 2 again. It maintained it strength and became a Category 3 typhoon later that day as vertical windshear occurred north of it.[citation needed]

Tropical Depression 30W (Wilma)[edit]

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration November 1 – November 8 (Out of basin)
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)

A broad circulation formed early on October 31. On November 1, the JMA reported that it was upgraded to a tropical depression that had developed, about 280 km (175 mi) to the south of Palau. On November 2, the tropical depression weakened into a low pressure area.[264][265] On November 3, the system regenerated into a tropical depression, and the JTWC issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert. The storm was then given the name Wilma by the PAGASA, and the designation 30W by the JTWC and tropical storm no. 13 by VNCHMF, as it impacted northern Mindanao. On November 4, Wilma weakened, and spawned a waterspout that caused minor damage.[266][267] On November 6, the system impacted Vietnam, before it became a remnant low early on November 8. Later on November 8, the remnants of the storm continued to move west, crossing the 100th meridian east, and affecting Myanmar.[268] The storm crossed the Malay Peninsula into the Bay of Bengal later on the same day. During the next couple of days, Wilma continued moving westwards across the Bay of Bengal, and regenerated slightly. On November 13, the system regenerated into a tropical depression, and was classified as Depression BOB 05 by the IMD.[269]

Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration November 3 – November 11
Peak intensity 230 km/h (145 mph) (10-min)  895 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Typhoon Haiyan

On November 3, a low-pressure area formed 45 nautical miles south-southeast of Pohnpei. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert. A few hours later, the JTWC designated the depression as "31W". At 10 AM JST the next day, the JMA named 31W as Haiyan. Haiyan rapidly intensified as it headed towards Palau and the Philippines. Rapid deepening occurred and it became a Category 5 super typhoon as it entered the Philippine area of responsibility,[clarification needed] and was named Yolanda. Haiyan reached a barometric pressure below 900 mbars (895 mbars), the first since Typhoon Megi in 2010.[citation needed] At one of the evacuation centers the storm brought down the roof of a church in Leyte resulting in at least 20 deaths.[270] On November 8, Typhoon Haiyan weakened to a Category 4 typhoon as it entered the South China Sea. An eyewall replacement cycle occurred to Haiyan as it became a Category 3 typhoon. On November 9, the outer rainbands of the storm were felt in Cambodia and Vietnam. It weakened to a moderate typhoon as it impacted Laos. Typhoon Haiyan rapidly weakened to a severe tropical storm as it killed 12 people in China on November 10, dissipating inland the following day.[citation needed] Within the Philippines, the NDRMMC confirmed that over 6,100 people were killed by Typhoon Haiyan.[271]

Tropical Storm Podul (Zoraida)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration November 11 – November 15
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

Early on November 9, the JMA reported that a disorganized tropical depression had developed to the southeast of Koror, Palau.[272][273] Following an increase in organization,[274] the JTWC issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert for the system during November 10, as it was named Zoraida by PAGASA.[274][275] Early on November 12, Tropical Depression Zoraida made landfall over Davao Oriental province in Eastern Mindando, before it moved into the Sulu Sea later that day.[276][277]

On November 14, the system intensified to a tropical storm, and it was named Podul by the JMA.[citation needed]

Early on November 15, the JTWC issued their final warning on Podul, as the remnants of the system's low level circulation center made landfall over Vietnam.[278] After moving westwards through Vietnam and Cambodia and into the Gulf of Thailand, Podul was last noted by the JMA and the Thai Meteorological Department during the next day.[279][280][281]

Tropical Depression 33W[edit]

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration December 3 – December 4
Peak intensity <55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  1006 mbar (hPa)

A low-pressure area formed near the equator late on November 27. It rapidly moved in a northwestern direction and became a tropical disturbance on November 30. Early on December 3, a tropical depression developed around 645 km (400 mi) to the northeast of Guam.[282] During that day the depression's mid-level circulation quickly developed into a defined low-level circulation, before the JTWC initiated advisories on Tropical Depression 33W.[283] The system was last noted by the JMA later that day, before the JTWC issued their final advisory on the system early on December 4.[284]

Other storms[edit]

A tropical depression near the Philippines on March 20, 2013

Early on March 20, the JMA reported that a tropical depression had developed about 1,470 km (915 mi) to the southeast of Manila, in an area of moderate vertical wind shear.[285][286] Over the next two days the system moved towards the west-northwest, before it was last noted by the JMA during March 22, as it dissipated over Southern Mindanao.[285][287][288] During April 11, the JMA reported that a tropical depression had briefly developed within the Gulf of Thailand, about 440 km (275 mi) to the southeast of Ho Chi Minh City.[289][290] Early on July 18, the JMA reported that a tropical depression had developed within the monsoon trough in an unfavorable environment for further development, about 710 km (440 mi) to the southwest of Manila.[291][292] Over the next couple of days the system moved towards Hainan Island and Northern Vietnam, before it was last noted on July 20, as it dissipated about 250 km (155 mi) to the southeast of Hanoi, Vietnam.[293][294]

On August 10, the JMA reported that a tropical depression had developed about 500 km (310 mi) to the southeast of Manila in the Philippines.[295] Early on August 27, the JMA reported that a tropical depression had developed about 685 km (425 mi) to the south of Hong Kong.[296] Early on August 28, the JMA started to monitor a tropical depression that had developed despite strong vertical wind shear about 925 km (575 mi) northwest of Anderson Air Force Base in Guam.[157][297] Remaining nearly stationary, dry air started to wrap in to the system's fully exposed low level circulation center.[298][299] The system dissipated two days later on August 30.[citation needed]

A tropical depression in the South China Sea on August 28, 2013

Early on September 6, the JMA reported that a tropical depression had developed about 420 km (260 mi) to the northeast of Manila.[300] The system moved towards the west-northwest before it was last noted by the JMA later that day, as a new tropical depression developed about 1,400 km (870 mi) to the southeast of Wake Island.[301][302] The next day, the depression moved towards the west-northwest before it was last noted by the JMA later that day.[303][304] On September 23, the JMA noted that a tropical depression had briefly developed about 1,600 km (995 mi) the north of Wake Island.[305] Late on October 2, the JMA started to monitor a tropical depression that had developed about 900 km (560 mi) to the northeast of Wake Island.[306] Over the next day, the system remained nearly stationary before it was last noted on October 4.[307][308][309] On October 4, the JMA started to monitor a tropical depression, that had developed within the Gulf of Thailand.[310][311] Over the next couple of days, the system moved westward within an area of low to moderate vertical wind shear, before it passed over the Malay Peninsula and moved out of the Western Pacific Basin on October 6, and later developed into Cyclone Phailin.[250][312]

On November 18, the JMA noted that a tropical depression had developed, about 215 km (135 mi) to the west of Bandar Seri Begawan.[313] During that day it moved westwards, but was last noted by the JMA later that day.[314][315] During the next day the JMA reported that a tropical depression had developed, about 365 km (225 mi) to the west of Kuala Lumpur.[316] Over the next few days the system moved towards the west-northwest and moved into an extremely favorable environment, for further development while located over the Malay Peninsula during November 21.[317] The next day, it crossed 100°E and moved into the North Indian Ocean, where it later developed into Cyclone Lehar.[318][319]

Storm names[edit]

Within the North-western Pacific Ocean, both the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) and the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration assign names to tropical cyclones that develop in the Western Pacific, which can result in a tropical cyclone having two names.[320] The Japan Meteorological Agency's RSMC Tokyo — Typhoon Center assigns international names to tropical cyclones on behalf of the World Meteorological Organization's Typhoon Committee, should they be judged to have 10-minute sustained windspeeds of 65 km/h (40 mph).[321] While the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration assigns names to tropical cyclones which move into or form as a tropical depression in their area of responsibility located between 135°E and 115°E and between 5°N-25°N even if the cyclone has had an international name assigned to it.[320] The names of significant tropical cyclones are retired, by both PAGASA and the Typhoon Committee.[321] Should the list of names for the Philippine region be exhausted then names will be taken from an auxiliary list of which the first ten are published each season. Unused names are marked in gray.

International names[edit]

Tropical cyclones are named from a set of five naming lists set by the JMA's Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre in Tokyo, Japan, once they reach tropical storm strength.[320] Names are contributed by members of the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee. Each of the 14 nations and territories submitted ten names, which are used in alphabetical order, by the official English name of the country.[321] The next 31 names on the naming list are listed here along with their international numeric designation, if they are used. The names Leepi, Jebi and Mangkhut were used for the first time.

  • Sonamu (1301)
  • Shanshan (1302)
  • Yagi (1303)
  • Leepi (1304)
  • Bebinca (1305)
  • Rumbia (1306)
  • Soulik (1307)
  • Cimaron (1308)
  • Jebi (1309)
  • Mangkhut (1310)
  • Utor (1311)
  • Trami (1312)
  • Kong-rey (1315)
  • Yutu (1316)
  • Toraji (1317)
  • Man-yi (1318)
  • Usagi (1319)
  • Pabuk (1320)
  • Wutip (1321)
  • Sepat (1322)
  • Fitow (1323)
  • Danas (1324)
  • Nari (1325)
  • Wipha (1326)
  • Francisco (1327)
  • Lekima (1328)
  • Krosa (1329)
  • Haiyan (1330)
  • Podul (1331)

During August, Tropical Storms Pewa and Unala entered the Western Pacific Basin from the Central North Pacific and were given the international designations 1313 and 1314 by the JMA.[150][154]

Philippines[edit]

The PAGASA uses its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones in their area of responsibility. PAGASA assigns names to tropical depressions that form within their area of responsibility and any tropical cyclone that might move into their area of responsibility. Should the list of names for a given year be exhausted, names will be taken from an auxiliary list, the first ten of which are published each year before the season starts. Names not retired from this list will be used again in the 2017 season. This is the same list used in the 2009 season, with the exception of Fabian, Odette and Paolo which replaced Feria, Ondoy and Pepeng respectively. The names Fabian, Odette, Paolo, Wilma, Yolanda and Zoraida are the first time to be used this year. Names that were not assigned/going to use are marked in gray.[322]

  • Auring (1301)
  • Bising
  • Crising (1302)
  • Dante (1303)
  • Emong (1304)
  • Fabian (1305)
  • Gorio (1306)
  • Huaning (1307)
  • Isang (1308)
  • Jolina (1309)
  • Kiko (1310)
  • Labuyo (1311)
  • Maring (1312)
  • Nando (1315)
  • Odette (1319)
  • Paolo (1321)
  • Quedan (1323)
  • Ramil (1324)
  • Santi (1325)
  • Tino (1326)
  • Urduja (1327)
  • Vinta (1329)
  • Wilma
  • Yolanda (1330)
  • Zoraida (1331)

Auxiliary list

  • Alamid (unused)
  • Bruno (unused)
  • Conching (unused)
  • Dolor (unused)
  • Ernie (unused)
  • Florante (unused)
  • Gerardo (unused)
  • Hernan (unused)
  • Isko (unused)
  • Jerome (unused)

Retirement[edit]

During their 2014 annual session the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee, announced that the names Sonamu, Utor, Fitow and Haiyan would be retired from its naming lists on January 1, 2015.[323] The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) announced that the names Labuyo, Santi and Yolanda would be retired from its naming lists due to its high death toll and damage.[324] In February 2014, PAGASA selected the names Lannie, Salome and Yasmin to replace Labuyo, Santi and Yolanda.

Season effects[edit]

This table lists all the storms that developed in the northwestern Pacific Ocean west of the International Date Line and north of the equator during 2013. It includes their intensity, duration, name, areas affected, deaths, and damage totals. Classification and intensity values are based on estimations conducted by the JMA. All damage figures are in 2013 USD. Damages and deaths from a storm include when the storm was a precursor wave or an extratropical low.


Name Dates active Peak classification Sustained
windspeeds
Pressure Land areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Sonamu (Auring) January 1 – 10 Severe tropical storm 95 km/h (60 mph) 990 hPa (29.23 inHg) Philippines, Borneo, Vietnam Minimal 1 [325]
Bising January 6 – 13 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) Philippines $34 thousand None [326]
Shanshan (Crising) February 18 – 23 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) Philippines, Borneo $255 thousand 4 [34]
Tropical depression March 20 – 22 Tropical depression Not specified 1006 hPa (29.71 inHg) None None None
Tropical depression April 11 Tropical depression Not specified 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
Yagi (Dante) June 6 – 12 Tropical storm 85 km/h (50 mph) 990 hPa (29.23 inHg) Philippines, Japan None None
Tropical depression June 14 – 15 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 994 hPa (29.35 inHg) China, Hong Kong None None
Leepi (Emong) June 16 – 21 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 994 hPa (29.35 inHg) Philippines, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, Kochi, South Korea None None
Bebinca (Fabian) June 19 – 24 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 990 hPa (29.23 inHg) Philippines, China, Vietnam $17.3 million 1 [327][328]
Rumbia (Gorio) June 27 – July 2 Severe tropical storm 95 km/h (60 mph) 985 hPa (29.09 inHg) Philippines, China, Hong Kong, Macau $179 million 7 [75][327]
Soulik (Huaning) July 7 – 14 Typhoon 185 km/h (115 mph) 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) Taiwan, China $557 million 11 [327][329]
Cimaron (Isang) July 15 – 18 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 1000 hPa (29.53 inHg) Philippines, Taiwan, China $325 million 6 [93][327][329]
Tropical depression July 18 – 20 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1000 hPa (29.53 inHg) None None None
Jebi (Jolina) July 28 – August 3 Severe tropical storm 100 km/h (65 mph) 985 hPa (29.09 inHg) Philippines, China, Hong Kong, Macau, Vietnam $21 million 6 [327][330]
Mangkhut (Kiko) August 5 – 8 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 992 hPa (29.29 inHg) Philippines, Vietnam, China $4.5 million 4
Utor (Labuyo) August 8 – 18 Typhoon 195 km/h (120 mph) 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) Philippines, China, Hong Kong, Macau $2.6 billion 97 [327][330][331]
Tropical depression August 10 – 12 Tropical depression Not specified 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) None None None
Trami (Maring) August 16 – 24 Severe tropical storm 110 km/h (70 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Philippines, Taiwan, Okinawa, China $563 million 27 [327]
13W August 16 – 19 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 996 hPa (29.41 inHg) Okinawa, China None None
Pewa August 18 – 26 Severe tropical storm 100 km/h (65 mph) 990 hPa (29.23 inHg) None None None
Unala August 19 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 1000 hPa (29.53 inHg) None None None
03C August 20 Tropical depression Not specified 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
Kong-rey (Nando) August 25 – 30 Severe tropical storm 100 km/h (65 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Philippines, Taiwan, China, Japan, South Korea $25 million 6 [327][330]
Tropical depression August 27 – 29 Tropical depression Not specified 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) None None None
Tropical depression August 28 – 30 Tropical depression Not specified 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
Yutu August 29 – September 5 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) None None None [163]
Toraji August 31 – September 4 Severe tropical storm 95 km/h (60 mph) 985 hPa (29.09 inHg) Taiwan, Japan None 3
Tropical depression September 6 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
Tropical depression September 6 – 7 Tropical depression Not specified 1012 hPa (29.89 inHg) None None None
Man-yi September 11 – 16 Typhoon 120 km/h (75 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Japan, Kamchatka Peninsula Minimal 6 [332]
Usagi (Odette) September 16 – 24 Typhoon 205 km/h (125 mph) 910 hPa (26.87 inHg) Philippines, Taiwan, China, Hong Kong, Macau $4.33 billion 35 [327]
18W September 16 – 21 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 996 hPa (29.41 inHg) Vietnam, Laos, Thailand $61 million 13
Pabuk September 19 – 27 Severe tropical storm 115 km/h (70 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Northern Mariana Islands None None
Tropical depression September 23 Tropical depression Not specified 1012 hPa (29.89 inHg) None None None
Wutip (Paolo) September 25 – October 1 Typhoon 120 km/h (75 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, China $523 million 65 [327][333]
Sepat September 29 – October 2 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 992 hPa (29.29 inHg) Japan, Kamchatka Peninsula None None
Fitow (Quedan) September 29 – October 7 Typhoon 140 km/h (85 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Philippines, Palau, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, China $10.4 billion 12 [327]
Danas (Ramil) October 1 – 9 Typhoon 165 km/h (105 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, South Korea None None
Tropical depression October 2 – 4 Tropical depression Not specified 1006 hPa (29.71 inHg) None None None
Phailin October 4 – 6 Tropical depression Not specified 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) Malay Peninsula None None
Nari (Santi) October 8 – 16 Typhoon 140 km/h (85 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Philippines, Hainan Island, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia $153 million 87 [327][334][335][336]
Wipha (Tino) October 9 – 16 Typhoon 165 km/h (105 mph) 930 hPa (27.46 inHg) Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Japan, Kamchatka Peninsula, Alaska $100 million 41 [332]
Francisco (Urduja) October 15 – 26 Typhoon 195 km/h (120 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) Guam, Japan $150 thousand None
27W October 17 – 22 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) None None None
Lekima October 19 – 26 Typhoon 215 km/h (130 mph) 905 hPa (26.72 inHg) Northern Mariana Islands, Iwo Jima, Japan None None
Krosa (Vinta) October 27 – November 5 Typhoon 140 km/h (85 mph) 970 hPa (28.65 inHg) Philippines, Taiwan, China, Hong Kong, Vietnam $6.4 million 9
30W (Wilma) November 1 – 8 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) Palau, Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand Minor None
Haiyan (Yolanda) November 3 – 11 Typhoon 230 km/h (145 mph) 895 hPa (26.43 inHg) Chuuk, Yap, Palau, Philippines, Vietnam, China $2.86 billion 6,340 [271][327][337]
Podul (Zoraida) November 11 – 15 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 1000 hPa (29.53 inHg) Chuuk, Palau, Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand $72 million 44
Tropical depression November 18 Tropical depression Not specified 1006 hPa (29.71 inHg) Vietnam None None
Lehar November 19 – 22 Tropical depression Not specified 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand None None
33W December 3 – 4 Tropical depression Not specified 1006 hPa (29.71 inHg) None None None
Season Aggregates
52 systems January 1 – December 4   230 km/h (145 mph) 895 hPa (26.43 inHg)   $22.8 billion 6825


See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ According to the TSR, an intense tropical cyclone is a tropical cyclone with maximum 1-minute sustained winds greater than 175 km/h (110 mph).[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Saunders, Mark; Lea, Adam (May 7, 2013). Extended Range Forecast for Northwest Pacific Typhoon Activity in 2013. Tropical Storm Risk Consortium. Archived from the original on July 8, 2013. http://www.tropicalstormrisk.com/docs/TSRNWPForecastMay2013.pdf. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d Saunders, Mark; Lea, Adam (July 8, 2013). July Forecast Update for Northwest Pacific Typhoon Activity in 2013. Tropical Storm Risk Consortium. Archived from the original on July 8, 2013. http://www.tropicalstormrisk.com/docs/TSRNWPForecastJul2013.pdf. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e Saunders, Mark; Lea, Adam (August 6, 2013). August Forecast Update for Northwest Pacific Typhoon Activity in 2013. Tropical Storm Risk Consortium. Archived from the original on July 8, 2013. http://www.tropicalstormrisk.com/docs/TSRNWPForecastAug2013.pdf. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d Ming-Dean Cheng (June 27, 2013). "Two to Four Typhoons Tend to Impinge upon Taiwan during 2013" (.doc). Weather Forecast Center (Taiwan: Central Weather Bureau). http://www.cwb.gov.tw/V7/news/Newsbb/EN/062713E.doc. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  5. ^ a b Servando, Nathaniel T (August 13, 2012). "January — June 2013" (Seasonal Climate Outlook). Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on July 5, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  6. ^ "NHẬN ĐỊNH BỔ SUNG XU THẾ THỜI TIẾT MÙA ĐÔNG XUÂN NĂM 2012-2013" (in Vietnamese). Vietnamese National Center for Hydro Meteorological forecasts. December 6, 2013. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  7. ^ "NHẬN ĐỊNH SƠ BỘ XU THẾ THỜI TIẾT MÙA MƯA, BÃO, LŨ NĂM 2013" (in Vietnamese). Vietnamese National Center for Hydro Meteorological forecasts. March 3, 2013. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  8. ^ Shun, C.M (March 18, 2013). "Speech by Mr CM Shun, Director of the Hong Kong Observatory March 18, 2013". Hong Kong Observatory. Archived from the original on July 5, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  9. ^ Climatological Center, Meteorological Development Bureau (April 26, 2013). "Weather outlook for Thailand during Rainy Season (Around mid-May to mid-October 2013)". Thai Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on July 5, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Up to 19 more PHL cyclones this year: PAGASA". InterAksyon. Philippines News Agency. July 16, 2013. Archived from the original on July 17, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  11. ^ Climate Monitoring and Prediction Section (July 10, 2013). "Tropical Cyclone Forecast: July to December 2013". Climatology and Agrometeorology Branch (Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration). Archived from the original on July 17, 2013. http://www.webcitation.org/6IBMt2vPr. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  12. ^ Malano, Vicente B (July 29, 2013). July — December 2013 (Seasonal Climate Outlook). Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on August 6, 2013. http://www.webcitation.org/6IfuX63wG. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  13. ^ "Additional Rainy season outlook for 2013". Vietnamese National Center for Hydro Meteorological forecasts. July 3, 2013. Archived from the original on September 15, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Winter — Spring Season Outlook (From November 2013 to April 2014)". Vietnamese National Center for Hydro Meteorological forecasts. October 4, 2013. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. Retrieved October 14, 2013. 
  15. ^ a b c d e Severe Tropical Storm Sonamu (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. January 25, 2013. Archived from the original on January 25, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/01/25/typhoon-best-track-2013-01-25t060000z/. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  16. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans January 2, 2013 13z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. January 2, 2013. Archived from the original on January 2, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert: January 2, 2013 21z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. January 2, 2013. Archived from the original on September 14, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Tropical Depression "Auring" January 3, 2013 03z" (Tropical Cyclone Alert). Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. January 3, 2013. Archived from the original on January 3, 2013. Retrieved October 23, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans January 3, 2013 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. January 3, 2013. Archived from the original on September 14, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 01W Warning Nr 01". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. January 3, 2013. Archived from the original on January 3, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Storm 01W (Sonamu) Warning Nr 03". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. January 4, 2013. Archived from the original on January 4, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  22. ^ "Tropical storm Auring leaves 1 dead, 500 displaced in Phl". Philstar. January 5, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  23. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary January 6, 2013 06z". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on January 7, 2012. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  24. ^ a b Young, Steve (February 17, 2013). "Global Tropical System Tracks — January 2013". Australian Severe Weather. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. Retrieved October 14, 2013. 
  25. ^ a b Padua, Michael V (January 14, 2013). "Tropical Depression Bising Storm Log (JMA/PAGASA)". Typhoon 2000. Archived from the original on October 15, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Warning: Tropical Depression "Bising": Number One January 11, 2013 15z". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on January 11, 2013. Retrieved October 14, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Warning: Tropical Depression "Bising": Number Six January 13, 2013 03z". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on January 13, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  28. ^ Macairan, Evelyn (January 13, 2013). "Bising dumps rains on 3 provinces". The Philippine Star. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  29. ^ a b c Tropical Storm Shanshan (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. March 19, 2013. Archived from the original on March 19, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/03/19/typhoon-best-track-2013-03-19t070000z/. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  30. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Warning: Tropical Depression Crising: Number One February 18, 2013 09z". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on February 18, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  31. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean February 18, 2013 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. February 18, 2013. Archived from the original on February 18, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Storm 02W Warning Nr 1 February 19, 2013 03z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. February 19, 2013. Archived from the original on February 19, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  33. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory February 22, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on August 9, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  34. ^ a b (PDF) Sitrep No. 13 re: Effects of Tropical Depression "Crising". National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. February 24, 2013. Archived from the original on December 7, 2013. http://www.ndrrmc.gov.ph/attachments/article/933/UPD%20SitRep%20No.13%20re%20Effects%20of%20TD%20Crising,%2024-02-13,%205PM.pdf. Retrieved December 7, 2013.
  35. ^ "Cebu, Lapu-lapu, Talisay cities suspend classes due to Crising". Sun Star. February 20, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  36. ^ a b c d Tropical Storm Yagi (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. July 16, 2013. Archived from the original on July 17, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/07/16/typhoon-best-track-2013-07-16t020000z/. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
  37. ^ a b "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans June 6, 2013 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. June 6, 2013. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  38. ^ a b "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 03W (Yagi) Warning Nr 1". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. June 8, 2013. Archived from the original on June 10, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  39. ^ http://www.webcitation.org/6HGryDO31
  40. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Storm 03W (Yagi) Warning Nr 2". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. June 8, 2013. Archived from the original on June 10, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  41. ^ Gutro, Rob (June 12, 2013). "Tropical Storm Yagi". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  42. ^ Flores, Helen (June 11, 2013). "It’s official: Rainy season is here". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  43. ^ Tropical Storm Yagi Drenches Japan's Honshu Island (Earthweek — A Diary of the Planet). Earth Environment Service. June 14, 2013. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. http://www.earthweek.com/2013/ew130614/ew130614e.html. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
  44. ^ a b c Tropical Storm Leepi (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. July 16, 2013. Archived from the original on July 16, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/07/16/typhoon-best-track-2013-07-16t040000z/. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  45. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Alert: Tropical Depression "Emong" June 16, 2013 09z". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on June 16, 2013. 
  46. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory: Tropical Storm Leepi: June 18, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on June 18, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  47. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 04W (Leepi) Warning Nr 10". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. June 20, 2013. Archived from the original on June 20, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  48. ^ Dinglasan, Rouchelle R. (June 15, 2013). "Flash flood warning up over Davao Oriental and Compostela Valley". GMA News Online. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  49. ^ "PAGASA: LPA hovering off Surigao City; floods, landslides threaten Bicol, Vis-Min". GMA News Online. June 16, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  50. ^ "PAGASA issues new rainfall advisory for NCR; MMDA offers free rides". GMA News Online. June 17, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  51. ^ Hsin-Yin, Lee (June 19, 2013). "Rain forecast as Tropical Storm Leepi approaches Taiwan". Focus Taiwan (Taipei, Taiwan). Channel News Asia. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  52. ^ Dave Ornauer (June 20, 2013). "Tropical Depression 04W (Leepi), # 8". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  53. ^ "Typhoon weakens, heavy rain still continues". The Mainichi (Tokyo, Japan). The Mainichi. June 21, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  54. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans June 18, 2013 20z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. June 18, 2013. Archived from the original on June 18, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  55. ^ Tropical Storm Bebinca (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. July 17, 2013. Archived from the original on July 17, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/07/17/typhoon-best-track-2013-07-17t040000z/. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  56. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Alert: Tropical Depression "Fabian": Number One June 20, 2013 03z". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on June 20, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  57. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Storm 05W Warning Nr 3 June 20, 2013 09z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. June 20, 2013. Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  58. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory TS Bebinca (1305) June 21, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on June 21, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  59. ^ "SA GITNA NG BAGYO: TS Bebinca Update #5 (LANDFALL)". Sagitnangbagyo.blogspot.co.uk. June 23, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  60. ^ Xuequan, Mu (June 22, 2013). "8,000 passengers stranded as tropical storm Bebinca hits S China". Sanya, China. Xinhua. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  61. ^ "4 fishermen missing after Bebinca reaches S China". Xinhua. June 22, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  62. ^ Xuequan, Mu (June 22, 2013). "Four missing fishermen found in S China". Haikou, China. Xinhua. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  63. ^ 刘辰瑶 (June 24, 2013). "长江流域将现大暴雨 贝碧嘉减弱未致人员伤亡" (in Chinese). China.Huanqiu. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  64. ^ 付美斌 (June 23, 2013). "热带风暴"贝碧嘉"致海南损失逾3200万元" (in Chinese). 中新社. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  65. ^ "Bão số 2 đã suy yếu thành vùng áp thấp" (in Vietnamise). CAND Online. June 24, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  66. ^ Joint Typhoon Warning Center. "Invest 99W Location File". Naval Research Laboratory. Archived from the original on June 27, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  67. ^ a b c Severe Tropical Storm Rumbia Best Track (Report). Japan Meteorological Agency. July 24, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/07/24/typhoon-best-track-2013-07-24t070000z/. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  68. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean June 27, 2013 02z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. 
  69. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Alert: Tropical Storm "Gorio" June 29, 2013 03z". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. June 29, 2013. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013. 
  70. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Alert: Tropical Storm "Gorio" June 30, 2013 03z". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. June 29, 2013. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013. 
  71. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning For Tropical Storm 06W (Rumbia) Warning NR 09". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. June 30, 2013. Archived from the original on June 30, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  72. ^ "Rumbia (Northwestern Pacific)". Nasa.gov. July 2, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  73. ^ Evite, Sharon (June 29, 2013). "Tacloban parade cancelled due to 'Gorio'". Manila, Philippines. ABS-CBN. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  74. ^ Tuyay, Fransisco; Solmerin, Florante; Aranja, Rio N.; Reyes, Ronald O. (June 29, 2013). "Gorio dumps heavy rains". Manila Standard Today. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  75. ^ a b "SitRep No.9 re Preparedness Measures and Effects of Tropical Storm "Gorio"". National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. July 1, 2013. Retrieved December 3, 2013. 
  76. ^ ""温比亚"减弱为热带风暴 广西发台风黄色预警". 中国新闻网 (in Chinese). Sohu.com Incorporated. July 2, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  77. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans July 6, 2013 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 6, 2013. Archived from the original on July 8, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  78. ^ a b c d e Typhoon Soulik (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. August 2, 2013. Archived from the original on August 2, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/08/02/typhoon-best-track-2013-08-02t050000z/. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  79. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Storm 07W (Soulik) Warning Nr 002". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 8, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  80. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Typhoon 07W (Soulik) Warning Nr 012". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 10, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  81. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Typhoon 07W (Soulik) Warning Nr 016". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 11, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  82. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Typhoon 07W (Soulik) Warning Nr 018". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 12, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  83. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Typhoon 07W (Soulik) Warning Nr 022". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 13, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  84. ^ "Tropical Storm 07W (Soulik) Warning Nr 024". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 13, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  85. ^ a b Amber Wang (July 14, 2013). "2 dead, 100 injured as Typhoon Soulik hits Taiwan". Agence-France-Presse. Taipei, Taiwan: Rappler. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  86. ^ "台風7号:与那国で最大瞬間風速60・2m". 沖縄タイムス (in Japanese). Yahoo! News. July 14, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  87. ^ "台风"苏力"渐弱蓝色预警解除" (in Chinese). 三秦都市报. July 15, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  88. ^ "Typhoon death toll rises to 3 as missing person found dead". The China Post (Taipei, Taiwan). July 15, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  89. ^ "台风"苏力"造成台湾农损金额增至12.7亿多元" (in Chinese). CRI Online. July 17, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  90. ^ "台风"苏力"致四省162万人受灾 死亡失踪8人" (in Chinese). 中新社. July 15, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  91. ^ "Several Luzon provinces under Signal No. 1 as tropical depression ‘Isang’ intensifies". Frances Mangosing. Retrieved July 16, 2013. 
  92. ^ "TRMM Sees Strong Tropical Storm Cimaron". Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  93. ^ a b "SitRep No. 3 re Effects and Actions Taken in Response to TS Isang". July 17, 2013. Retrieved December 3, 2013. 
  94. ^ ""西马仑"横扫福建 雨势猛烈开车如开船" (in Chinese). Sina Corp. July 19, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  95. ^ "闽南地区受热带风暴"西马仑"影响发生特大暴雨" (in Chinese). 新华网. July 20, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  96. ^ "热带风暴"西马仑"造成福建4.8万多户用户停电" (in Chinese). 网易公. July 19, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  97. ^ ""西马仑"给闽南带来强降雨 直接经济损失15.52亿元" (in Chinese). Xinmin. July 19, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  98. ^ "台风"西马仑"致厦门一晚闪电406次" (in Chinese). Sohu.com Incorporated. July 20, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  99. ^ "LPA Being Monitored Near General Santos". Philippine Inquirer. July 26, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  100. ^ "Exiting LPA to Continue to Bring Rains in PH". Philippine Inquirer. July 30, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  101. ^ "Tropical Storm Jolina Intensifies into Storm". GMA News. July 31, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  102. ^ "30000 Affected by Floods in Cotabato City, Maguindanao, North Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat". InterAksyon. July 27, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  103. ^ "Storm Jebi claims six lives". Vietnam Net Bridge. August 4, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  104. ^ a b c Tropical Storm Mangkhut (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. August 20, 2013. Archived from the original on August 20, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/08/20/typhoon-best-track-2013-08-20t070000z/. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  105. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Alert: Tropical Depression "Kiko" August 5, 2013 09z". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on August 5, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  106. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert August 5, 2013 09z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 5, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  107. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Storm 10W (Mangkhut) Warning Nr 01". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 5, 2013. Archived from the original on August 7, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  108. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory August 5, 2013 12z". RSMC Tokyo — Typhoon Center. Archived from the original on August 7, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  109. ^ "Storm Mangkhut weakens to tropical low pressure, causing torrential rain in northern Vietnam". Xinhua. August 8, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  110. ^ "Aftermath of tropical storm Mangkhut in Vietnam". Xinhua. August 8, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  111. ^ a b Typhoon Utor (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. September 10, 2013. Archived from the original on September 19, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/09/10/typhoon-best-track-2013-09-10t060000z/. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  112. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 11W Warning Number 1 August 8, 2013 21z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 8, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  113. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Alert: Tropical Depression "Labuyo": Number One August 8, 2013 21z". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. August 8, 2013. Archived from the original on August 9, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  114. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Typhoon 11W (Utor) Warning Nr 7". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 10, 2013. Archived from the original on August 10, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  115. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Typhoon 11W (Utor) Warning Nr 12". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 11, 2013. Archived from the original on August 11, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  116. ^ "23 missing as Typhoon Utor hits Philippines". New Zealand Herald. August 12, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  117. ^ By, Forecast (August 12, 2013). "Typhoon Utor swamps Philippines, heads for southern China". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  118. ^ "Typhoon Utor Pounds Phiippines, Heads for China". August 12, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  119. ^ "HK battens down as typhoon hits". The Australian. August 14, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  120. ^ "强台风"尤特"在广东阳江登陆 海南风雨逐渐减弱" (in Chinese). Xinhua News Agency. August 14, 2013. Retrieved October 14, 2013. 
  121. ^ "Four dead, 67 missing in Typhoon Utor aftermath". GulfNews.com. August 13, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  122. ^ "Typhoon Utor batters Philippines". The Guardian. Associated Press. August 12, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  123. ^ Jeff Masters (August 14, 2013). "Caribbean Disturbance 92L Organizing; Typhoon Utor Hits China". Weather Underground. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  124. ^ Samuel Chan; Ada Lee; Clifford Lo (21 October 2013). "Hong Kong groans as Typhoon Utor hits". South China Morning Post (published 15 August 2013). Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  125. ^ "Cargo ship sinks as Typhoon Utor lashes Hong Kong". ABC Online. 12 August 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  126. ^ "Typhoon Utor death toll rises to eight". Arab News. 16 August 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  127. ^ Shirley Escalante (August 13, 2013). "Fears Philippines typhoon death toll may rise". Weatherzone. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  128. ^ "Typhoon Utor brings gales to Hong Kong". Sky News Australia. Retrieved October 1, 2013. [dead link]
  129. ^ "Typhoon Labuyo toll now 8". Rappler. August 15, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  130. ^ "Typhoon Utor leaves 4 dead, 4 missing". China Daily. August 17, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  131. ^ a b Severe Tropical Storm Trami (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. September 24, 2013. Archived from the original on September 24, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/09/24/typhoon-best-track-2013-09-24t040000z/. Retrieved September 28, 2013.
  132. ^ a b "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans August 16, 2013 14z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 16, 2013. Archived from the original on August 16, 2013. Retrieved September 28, 2013. 
  133. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Alert: Tropical Depression "Maring" August 16, 2013 21z". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on August 16, 2013. Retrieved September 28, 2013. 
  134. ^ "Fujiwara effect in the works & Trami developing " Maring "". Westernpacificweather.com. August 17, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  135. ^ "Tropical Storm 12W (Trami), # 4; Tropical Storm 01C (Pewa), # 3". Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  136. ^ "Trami downgraded to tropical storm after landfall in China | ReliefWeb". Reliefweb.int. August 22, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  137. ^ a b c d "Trami batters southern China |Nation and Digest". chinadaily.com.cn. August 23, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  138. ^ "Heavy monsoon rains cause floods in Metro Manila, nearby provinces". Yahoo! Philippines News. August 22, 2013. Retrieved October 20, 2013. 
  139. ^ Several areas in NCR flooded; PAGASA issues orange advisory | News | GMA News Online. Gmanetwork.com (August 18, 2013). Retrieved on August 22, 2013.
  140. ^ Marikina River reaches 15 meters; Ipo, La Mesa Dams at or near critical level | News | GMA News Online. Gmanetwork.com (August 18, 2013). Retrieved on August 22, 2013.
  141. ^ Walang pasok: No classes on Monday in some NCR, Luzon areas due to expected rain | News | GMA News Online. Gmanetwork.com (August 18, 2013). Retrieved on August 22, 2013.
  142. ^ "Tropical Storm Trami and monsoon rains causing flooding in the Philippines". Science Codex. August 20, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  143. ^ a b c "Typhoon Trami batters China". The Australian. August 22, 2013. 
  144. ^ a b c "Typhoon Trami wreaks havoc in east China — Xinhua | English.news.cn". News.xinhuanet.com. August 22, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  145. ^ Land warning for Tropical Storm Trami. The China Post. Retrieved on August 22, 2013.
  146. ^ Tropical storm Trami is forecast to strike China as a typhoon at about 12:00 GMT on 21 August. Trust.org. Retrieved on August 22, 2013.
  147. ^ http://www.weather.com/news/weather-hurricanes/typhoon-trami-slams-taiwan-20130821
  148. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary August 16, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on August 16, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  149. ^ "Tropical Depressions 12W, 13W, # 3; Tropical Storm Pewa, # 2 - Pacific Storm Tracker". Stripes. August 17, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  150. ^ a b c Severe Tropical Storm Pewa (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). September 27, 2013. Archived from the original on September 27, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/09/27/typhoon-best-track-2013-09-27t060000z/. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  151. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Storm 01C (Pewa) Warning Nr 08". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 18, 2013. Archived from the original on January 4, 2013. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  152. ^ "NASA infrared imagery indicates Pewa weakened". Retrieved August 23, 2013. 
  153. ^ "Tropical Depression 02C (Unala) Warning 4". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 19, 2013. Archived from the original on August 19, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  154. ^ a b c Tropical Storm Unala (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. September 27, 2013. Archived from the original on September 27, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/09/27/typhoon-best-track-2013-09-27t070000z/. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  155. ^ a b The Central Pacific Hurricane Center's Hurricane Specialist Unit (September 14, 2013). "Tropical Weather Summary for the Central North Pacific: August 2013". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. Archived from the original on September 15, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  156. ^ "Tropical Depression 03C Warning 5". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 20, 2013. Archived from the original on August 21, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  157. ^ a b Young, Steve (October 7, 2013). "Global Tropical System Tracks — August 2013". Australian Severe Weather. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. Retrieved October 14, 2013. 
  158. ^ "Low Pressure Area may cause floods, landslides in Visayas, Mindanao". VVP, GMA News. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  159. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory: Tropical Depression August 25, 2013 0000z". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on August 25, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  160. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Alert: Tropical Depression "Nando": Number One August 25, 2013 0300z". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on August 25, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  161. ^ "Tropical Storm KONG-REY (NANDO) Update Number 002". David Michael V. Padua. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  162. ^ "3 dead as tropical storm floods Taiwan". Retrieved August 30, 2013. 
  163. ^ a b c d e Tropical Storm Yutu (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. October 1, 2013. Archived from the original on October 1, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/10/01/typhoon-best-track-2013-10-01t050000z/. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  164. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans September 1, 2013 23z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. September 1, 2013. Archived from the original on September 1, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  165. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans September 3, 2013 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. September 3, 2013. Archived from the original on October 1, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  166. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans September 5, 2013 15z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. September 5, 2013. Archived from the original on October 1, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  167. ^ a b Severe Tropical Storm Toraji (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. October 1, 2013. Archived from the original on October 1, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/10/01/typhoon-best-track-2013-10-01t060000z/. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  168. ^ "Tropical Storm TORAJI (15W) Update Number 002". Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  169. ^ a b c Typhoon Man-yi (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. October 16, 2013. Archived from the original on October 16, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/10/16/typhoon-best-track-2013-10-16t050000z/. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  170. ^ "Tropical Storm Activity Report — North Western Pacific Ocean — Tropical Storm Man-Yi (16W)". Retrieved September 13, 2013. 
  171. ^ "Tropical Storm Man-Yi in the Western Pacific Moves over Japan, Bringing High Winds and Heavy Rains". Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  172. ^ "Typhoon Man-yi makes landfall, bringing torrential rains to western Japan". Japan Times. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  173. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory September 16, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. September 16, 2013. Archived from the original on September 19, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  174. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean September 15, 2013 22z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. September 15, 2013. Archived from the original on September 20, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  175. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert September 16, 2013 04z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. September 16, 2013. Archived from the original on September 19, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  176. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Alert: Tropical Depression "Odette" September 16, 2013 09z". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on September 16, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  177. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 17W (Seventeen) Warning Nr 01". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Archived from the original on September 19, 2013. Retrieved September 19, 2013. 
  178. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Storm 17W (Usagi) Warning Nr 03". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Archived from the original on September 19, 2013. Retrieved September 19, 2013. 
  179. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Typhoon 17W (Usagi) Warning Nr 08". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Archived from the original on September 19, 2013. Retrieved September 19, 2013. 
  180. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Super Typhoon 17W (Usagi) Warning Nr 12". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Archived from the original on September 20, 2013. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  181. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Super Typhoon 17W (Usagi) Warning Nr 15". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Archived from the original on September 20, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2013. 
  182. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Typhoon 17W (Usagi) Warning Nr 18". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2013. 
  183. ^ "台风"天兔"已致广东25人死亡". BBC News. Retrieved September 24, 2013. 
  184. ^ "Typhoon 17W (Usagi) Warning Nr 24". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Archived from the original on September 22, 2013. Retrieved September 24, 2013. 
  185. ^ "Action in the Pacific: Typhoon Usagi and Tropical Storm Pabuk". Tom Yulsman. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  186. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory September 16, 2013 06z". Japan Meteorological Agency. September 16, 2013. Archived from the original on September 16, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2013. 
  187. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans September 16, 2013 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. September 16, 2013. Archived from the original on September 16, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2013. 
  188. ^ accessdate=October 28, 2013 (September 17, 2013). "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert September 17, 2013 21z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Archived from the original on October 28, 2013. 
  189. ^ a b "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 18W Warning Nr 1". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. September 18, 2013. Archived from the original on September 18, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2013. 
  190. ^ "Tropical Depression 18W Warning Nr 3". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. September 18, 2013. Archived from the original on September 18, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2013. 
  191. ^ Young, Steve (October 28, 2013). "Global Tropical System Tracks — September 2013". Australian Severe Weather. Archived from the original on October 27, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2013. 
  192. ^ September 2013 Global Catastrophe Recap. AON Benefield. October 10, 2013. http://thoughtleadership.aonbenfield.com/Documents/20131007_if_september_global_recap.pdf. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  193. ^ a b Severe Tropical Storm Pabuk (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. October 23, 2013. Archived from the original on October 23, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/10/23/typhoon-best-track-2013-10-23t050000z/. Retrieved October 23, 2013.
  194. ^ "Tropical Storm Pabuk Forms North-West of Marianas". Kevin Kerrigan. Retrieved September 22, 2013. 
  195. ^ "NASA views a transitioning Tropical-Storm Pabuk". Rob Gutro. Retrieved September 26, 2013. 
  196. ^ "Tropical Depression 20W (PAOLO) Update Number 001". David Michael V. Padua. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  197. ^ "NASA image sees eye in deadly Typhoon Wutip on landfall approach". Rob Gutro. Retrieved September 30, 2013. 
  198. ^ "19 provinces on flood alert as Typhoon Wutip heads to Thailand". Retrieved September 30, 2013. 
  199. ^ Wee, Sui-Lee (September 30, 2013). "Typhoon leaves 74 missing in China as Thailand, Vietnam brace for floods". Reuters. Retrieved September 30, 2013. 
  200. ^ "Typhoon Wutip makes 65 killed in South of China and Eastern Vietnam". Retrieved October 2, 2013. 
  201. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans September 28, 2013 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. September 28, 2013. Archived from the original on October 1, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2013. 
  202. ^ a b c d "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert September 13, 2013 17z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. September 13, 2013. Archived from the original on October 30, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2013. 
  203. ^ a b Tropical Storm Sepat (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. October 28, 2013. Archived from the original on October 28, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/10/28/typhoon-best-track-2013-10-28t040000z/. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
  204. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 21W Warning Nr 1". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 13, 2013. Archived from the original on July 14, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  205. ^ "Tropical Storm FITOW (QUEDAN) Update Number 001". Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  206. ^ "Orange Tropical Cyclone alert for FITOW-13 in China". Retrieved October 6, 2013. 
  207. ^ [1]
  208. ^ "China sends riot police to block new protests by flood victims". Reuters. October 16, 2013. 
  209. ^ "One dead as Typhoon Fitow slams into China". Retrieved October 7, 2013. 
  210. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean October 1, 2013 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 1, 2013. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  211. ^ a b Typhoon Danas (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. November 18, 2013. Archived from the original on November 18, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/11/18/typhoon-best-track-2013-11-18t030000z/. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
  212. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean October 2, 2013 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 2, 2013. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  213. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert October 2, 2013 23z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 2, 2013. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  214. ^ "Tropical Depression 23W Warning Nr 001". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 3, 2013. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  215. ^ "Tropical Storm 23W Warning Nr 005". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 4, 2013. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  216. ^ "Typhoon Ramil intensifies, accelerates, to exit PAR before noon". DVM, GMA News. Retrieved October 7, 2013. 
  217. ^ "Typhoon Danas rapidly intensified — heading toward South Korea and Japan". Adonai. Retrieved October 7, 2013. 
  218. ^ "Typhoon Danas". Retrieved October 7, 2013. 
  219. ^ "PROGNOSTIC REASONING FOR TYPHOON 23W (DANAS) WARNING NR 17". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Retrieved October 7, 2013. 
  220. ^ "Green Tropical Cyclone alert for DANAS-13 in Japan". Retrieved October 8, 2013. 
  221. ^ "Typhoon DANAS (RAMIL) Update Number 002". Leonilo C. Millanes. Retrieved October 8, 2013. 
  222. ^ "TROPICAL STORM 23W (DANAS) WARNING NR 021". JTWC. Retrieved October 8, 2013. 
  223. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory October 8, 2013 12z". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 8, 2013. Archived from the original on October 9, 2013. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  224. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 24W Warning Nr 001". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 8, 2013. Archived from the original on October 9, 2013. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  225. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Alert: Tropical Depression "Santi" October 8, 2013 15z". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. October 8, 2013. Archived from the original on October 9, 2013. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  226. ^ "TS Santi intensifies, may cross Central Luzon". ELR, GMA News. Retrieved October 10, 2013. 
  227. ^ "Five dead as Typhoon Nari leaves more than two million without power in the Philippines". AFP. Retrieved October 12, 2013. 
  228. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory October 8, 2013 12z". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 8, 2013. Archived from the original on October 9, 2013. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  229. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans October 8, 2013 00z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 8, 2013. Archived from the original on October 8, 2013. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  230. ^ "TROPICAL DEPRESSION 25W (TWENTYFIVE) WARNING NR 001". JTWC. Retrieved October 10, 2013. 
  231. ^ "PROGNOSTIC REASONING FOR TROPICAL DEPRESSION 25W (TWENTYFIVE) WARNING NR 01". JTWC. Retrieved October 10, 2013. 
  232. ^ "25W Public Advisory Number 1". NWS Guam. Retrieved October 10, 2013. 
  233. ^ "Tropical Storm Wipha". Retrieved October 11, 2013. 
  234. ^ "PROGNOSTIC REASONING FOR TYPHOON 25W (WIPHA) WARNING NR 09". JTWC. Retrieved October 14, 2013. 
  235. ^ "Typhoon Wipha Public Advisory number 9". NWS Guam. Retrieved October 14, 2013. 
  236. ^ "PROGNOSTIC REASONING FOR TYPHOON 25W (WIPHA) WARNING NR 13". JTWC. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  237. ^ "Typhoon Tino enters PAR". JK/Sunnex. Retrieved October 14, 2013. 
  238. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary October 15, 2013 06z". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 15, 2013. Archived from the original on October 16, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013. 
  239. ^ "Tropical Storm 26W Warning 1". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 15, 2013. Archived from the original on October 16, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013. 
  240. ^ "New tropical storm 26W now named Francisco heading for Japan". Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  241. ^ "Tropical Storm (26W) Francisco 250900Z near 29.4N 134.0E, moving NE at 15 knots (JTWC) Heavy rain expected across Japan". Goaty's News. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  242. ^ "All eyes on Super Typhoon Francisco, It Iis strengthening to Cat 5 and headed to Japan!". Retrieved October 19, 2013. 
  243. ^ "Pagasa warns vs sea travel as Urduja maintains strength". JK/Sunnex. Retrieved October 22, 2013. 
  244. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary October 17, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 17, 2013. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013. 
  245. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean October 18, 2013 21z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 18, 2013. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013. 
  246. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean October 19, 2013 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 19, 2013. Archived from the original on October 26, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013. 
  247. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 27W Warning Nr 1". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 19, 2013. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013. 
  248. ^ publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center (October 19, 2013). "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 27W Warning Nr 3". Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013. 
  249. ^ "Tropical Depression 27W Warning 5". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 20, 2013. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013. 
  250. ^ a b Young, Steve (November 28, 2013). "Global Tropical System Tracks — October 2013". Australian Severe Weather. Archived from the original on December 1, 2013. Retrieved December 1, 2013. 
  251. ^ a b c d e f Typhoon Lekima (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. November 20, 2013. Archived from the original on November 20, 2013. http://www.wis-jma.go.jp/cms/warning/2013/11/20/typhoon-best-track-2013-11-20t020000z/. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
  252. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean October 19, 2013 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 19, 2013. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2013. 
  253. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert October 19, 2013 22z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 19, 2013. Archived from the original on November 2, 2013. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  254. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 28W warning Nr 1". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 20, 2013. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2013. 
  255. ^ "Typhoon 28W (Lekima) Warning NR 006". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved October 30, 2013. 
  256. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Typhoon 28W (Lekima) Warning NR 08". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Archived from the original on October 22, 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2013. 
  257. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Super Typhoon 28W (Lekima) Warning NR 10". Archived from the original on October 22, 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2013. 
  258. ^ "Morphed Integrated Microwave Imagery at CIMSS (MIMIC) 28W". Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies. Retrieved November 2, 2013. 
  259. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Typhoon 28W (Lekima) Warning NR 18". Archived from the original on October 24, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2013. 
  260. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Typhoon 28W (Lekima) Warning NR 22". Archived from [=http://www.usno.navy.mil/NOOC/nmfc-ph/RSS/jtwc/warnings/ the original] on October 25, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2013. 
  261. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory October 27, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 27, 2013. Archived from the original on October 27, 2013. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  262. ^ "‘Vinta’ enters PH, may affect Metro Manila–Pagasa". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved October 29, 2013. 
  263. ^ "Typhoon Krosa / Vinta departs Luzon , Westpacwx update". robspeta. Retrieved November 1, 2013. 
  264. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary November 1, 2013 18z". Japan Meteorological Agency. November 1, 2013. Archived from the original on November 2, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2013. 
  265. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary November 2, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. November 2, 2013. Archived from the original on November 2, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2013. 
  266. ^ "Tornado developed in Bohol, Pagasa says". November 6, 2013. 
  267. ^ "Tornado developed in Bohol, Pagasa says". November 6, 2013. 
  268. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Indian Ocean". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. 8 Nov 2013. Retrieved 13 Nov 2013. 
  269. ^ India Meteorological Department. "IMD CWIND Bulletin 01 for Depression BOB 05 - Issued at 0900 IST (0330 UTC), 13 November 2013". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  270. ^ "Haiyan moves West leaving a trail of death and destruction". robspeta. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  271. ^ a b "SitRep No.82 Effects of TY "Yolanda"". January 4, 2013. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 
  272. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary November 9, 2013 06z". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  273. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean November 9, 2013 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. November 9, 2013. Archived from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  274. ^ a b "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert November 10, 2013 17z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. November 10, 2013. Archived from the original on November 17, 2013. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  275. ^ "Tropical Depression "Zoraida" November 10, 2013 21z" (Tropical Cyclone Warning). Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. November 10, 2013. Archived from the original on November 11, 2013. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  276. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean November 12, 2013 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. November 12, 2013. Archived from the original on November 17, 2013. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  277. ^ "Tropical Depression "Zoraida" November 12, 2013 03z" (Tropical Cyclone Warning). Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. November 12, 2013. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  278. ^ "Tropical Depression 32W Warning 3". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. November 15, 2013. Archived from the original on November 15, 2013. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  279. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary November 16, 2013 12z". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on November 17, 2013. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  280. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary November 16, 2013 18z". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on November 17, 2013. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  281. ^ "Storm Tracking: "Podul" Storm". Thai Meteorological Department. November 16, 2013. Archived from the original on November 17, 2013. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  282. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary December 3, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. December 3, 2013. Archived from the original on December 4, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  283. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 33W Warning Number 1 December 3, 2013 15z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. December 3, 2013. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  284. ^ http://www.webcitation.org/6LaKVB2sT
  285. ^ a b Young, Steve (April 7, 2013). "Global Tropical System Tracks — March 2013". Australian Severe Weather. Archived from the original on October 27, 2013. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  286. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean March 20, 2013 19z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. March 20, 2013. Archived from the original on September 14, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  287. ^ Joint Typhoon Warning Center (March 21, 2013). "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean March 21, 2013 06z". United States Navy, United States Airforce. Archived from the original on September 14, 2013. Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  288. ^ Joint Typhoon Warning Center (March 22, 2013). "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean March 22, 2013 06z". United States Navy, United States Airforce. Archived from the original on September 14, 2013. Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  289. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary April 11, 2013 18z". Japan Meteorological Agency. April 11, 2013. Archived from the original on August 19, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  290. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary April 12, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. April 12, 2013. Archived from the original on September 15, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  291. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory: Tropical Depression: July 18, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. July 18, 2013. Archived from the original on July 18, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  292. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean July 18, 2013 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 18, 2013. Archived from the original on July 18, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  293. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary July 20, 2013 06z". Japan Meteorological Agency. July 20, 2013. Archived from the original on September 14, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  294. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary July 20, 2013 12z". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on September 14, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  295. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary August 10, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 10, 2013. Archived from the original on August 10, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  296. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary August 27, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 27, 2013. Archived from the original on August 29, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  297. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean August 27, 2013 23z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 27, 2013. Archived from the original on August 29, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  298. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary August 28, 2013 06z". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 28, 2013. Archived from the original on August 29, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  299. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean August 28, 2013 06z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 28, 2013. Archived from the original on September 29, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  300. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory September 6, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. September 6, 2013. Archived from the original on August 7, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  301. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary September 6, 2013 12z". Japan Meteorological Agency. September 6, 2013. Archived from the original on September 15, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  302. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary September 6, 2013 18z". Japan Meteorological Agency. September 6, 2013. Archived from the original on September 15, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  303. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary September 7, 2013 18z". Japan Meteorological Agency. September 7, 2013. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved September 28, 2013. 
  304. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary September 8, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. September 8, 2013. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved September 8, 2013. 
  305. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary September 23, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. September 23, 2013. Archived from the original on September 23, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2013. 
  306. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary October 2, 2013 18z". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 2, 2013. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved October 14, 2013. 
  307. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary October 3, 2013 18z". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 3, 2013. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved October 14, 2013. 
  308. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary October 4, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 4, 2013. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved October 14, 2013. 
  309. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary October 4, 2013 06z". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 4, 2013. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. Retrieved October 14, 2013. 
  310. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary October 4, 2013 18z". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 4, 2013. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved October 10, 2013. 
  311. ^ "What is Cyclonic Storm Phailin?". Biharprabha. October 10, 2013. Archived from the original on October 11, 2013. Retrieved October 11, 2013. 
  312. ^ Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Phalin over the Bay of Bengal (October 08-14 2013): (A Report). India Meteorological Department. October 30, 2013. Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. http://www.imd.gov.in/section/nhac/dynamic/phailin.pdf. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  313. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary November 18, 2013 00z". Japan Meteorological Agency. November 18, 2013. Archived from the original on November 18, 2013. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  314. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary November 18, 2013 12z". Japan Meteorological Agency. November 18, 2013. Archived from the original on November 18, 2013. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  315. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary November 18, 2013 18z". Japan Meteorological Agency. November 18, 2013. Archived from the original on November 24, 2013. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  316. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary November 19, 2013 12z". Japan Meteorological Agency. November 19, 2013. Archived from the original on November 20, 2013. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  317. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Western and South Pacific Ocean November 21, 2013 13z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. November 21, 2013. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. Retrieved November 21, 2013. 
  318. ^ "JMA WWJP25 Warning and Summary November 22, 2013 06z". Japan Meteorological Agency. November 22, 2013. Archived from the original on November 24, 2013. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  319. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert November 22, 2013 09z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. November 22, 2013. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  320. ^ a b c Padgett, Gary. "Monthly Tropical Cyclone Summary December 1999". Australian Severe Weather. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  321. ^ a b c The Typhoon Committee (February 21, 2013). "Typhoon Committee Operational Manual 2013" (PDF). World Meteorological Organization. pp. 37–38. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  322. ^ "Philippine Tropical cyclone names". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. June 1, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  323. ^ http://www.typhooncommittee.org/46th/Docs/FINAL/TC46FINAL%20adopted%2013FEB.pdf
  324. ^ "‘Yolanda’ joins ‘Labuyo,’ ‘Santi’ in retired list". Manilla Bulletin. November 23, 2013. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  325. ^ "SitRep No.4 for Effects of Tropical Storm Auring". National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. January 7, 2013. Archived from the original on December 7, 2013. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  326. ^ "SitRep No.4 re Preparedness Measures and Effects of Tropical Depression "Bising"". National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. January 15, 2013. Archived from the original on December 7, 2013. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  327. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m China Meteorological Administration (November 22, 2013). "Member Report: China". ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee: 8th Integrated Workshop/2nd TRCG Forum. ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee. p. 16. Archived from the original on November 26, 2013. Retrieved November 26, 2013. 
  328. ^ June 2013 Global Catastrophe Recap. Aon Benfield. p. 7. http://thoughtleadership.aonbenfield.com/Documents/20130709_if_june_global_recap.pdf. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  329. ^ a b July 2013 Global Catastrophe Recap. Aon Benfield. http://thoughtleadership.aonbenfield.com/Documents/20130806_if_july_global_recap.pdf. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  330. ^ a b c "August 2013 Global Catastrophe Recap"
  331. ^ (PDF) SitRep No.18 re Effects of Typhoon "Labuyo" (Utor). National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. February 24, 2013. Archived from the original on December 7, 2013. http://www.ndrrmc.gov.ph/attachments/article/1073/doc01537820130818080057.pdf. Retrieved December 7, 2013.
  332. ^ a b Japan Meteorological Agency (November 22, 2013). "Member Report: Japan". ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee: 8th Integrated Workshop/2nd TRCG Forum. ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee. p. 9. Archived from the original on November 26, 2013. Retrieved November 26, 2013. 
  333. ^ Writer VnExpress (October 4, 2013). "Gần 11.000 tỷ đồng thiệt hại do bão Wutip". VnExpress (in Vietnamese). Retrieved November 19, 2013. 
  334. ^ http://www.ndrrmc.gov.ph/attachments/article/1103/UPD%20SitRep%2011%20re%20Effects%20of%20Typhoon%20SANTI%20%2816OCT2013%29.pdf
  335. ^ "Typhoon Nari kills five, causes major damage in Vietnam". Agence France-Presse. Rappler. October 15, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  336. ^ October Recap
  337. ^ "Philippines reels from catastrophe as Typhoon Haiyan hits Vietnam - CNN.com". CNN. November 11, 2013. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Pacific_typhoon_season — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
23495 videos foundNext > 

The 2013 typhoon season in the western North Pacific

2013 Pacific Typhoon Season Animation

Animation of the 2013 Pacific Typhoon Season, which began early and ended in devastation for the Philippines.

1994 Pacific typhoon season satellite imagery

Range: April 01 - December 31 (02W - 39W)

2013 Pacific typhoon season

Source: digital-typhoon The 2013 Pacific typhoon season, cropped to June through November, to catch most of the storm activity. Only cyclones that were judge...

2012 Pacific typhoon season

VIS/IR composite imagery animation spanning from late July to late December, with a few short few-day gaps due to me not checking the NRL archives often enough.

2009 West Pacific Typhoon Season Animation

Animation of the 2009 Western Pacific Typhoon Season, featuring 28 tropical cyclones, 15 typhoons and five super typhoons. 2009 is most known for three signi...

[2013:NWP]2013 North West Pacific Typhoon Season

2013년 북서태평양 태풍 시즌 2013 North West Pacific Typhoon Season.

1994 West Pacific Typhoon Season Animation

Animation of the 1994 Western Pacific typhoon season, including crossover storms Li and John from the eastern half. 1994 was a busy season, with 36 storms th...

1995 West Pacific Typhoon Season Animation

Animation of the 1995 Western Pacific Typhoon Season.

2012 Pacific Typhoon Season Animation (v.2)

Version 2 (April 2013) Animation of the 2012 Typhoon Season in the Western Pacific. This year consisted of 27 tropical depressions, of which 25 reached tropi...

23495 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "2013 Pacific typhoon season" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About 2013 Pacific typhoon season

You can talk about 2013 Pacific typhoon season with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!