digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

XIII Olympic Winter Games
1980 Winter Olympics logo.svg
The emblem is a line that forms the Adirondacks,
which becomes a column on the left,
paying tribute the ancient Olympic games.
The top of the column is serrated
to hold the Olympic rings. This represents
a double cauldron, acknowledging that
the Olympics were also held in Lake Placid in 1932.
Host city Lake Placid, New York, United States
Nations participating 37
Athletes participating 1072
(840 men, 232 women)
Events 38 in 6 sports (10 disciplines)
Opening ceremony February 14
Closing ceremony February 23
Officially opened by Vice President Walter Mondale
Athlete's Oath Eric Heiden
Judge's Oath Terry McDermott
Olympic Torch Charles Gugino
Stadium Lake Placid Equestrian Stadium

The 1980 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIII Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XIIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), was a multi-sport event which was celebrated from February 13, through February 24, 1980 in Lake Placid, New York, United States of America. This was the second time the Upstate New York village hosted the Games, after 1932. The only other candidate city to bid for the Games was Vancouver-Garibaldi, British Columbia, Canada; which withdrew before the final vote.

The mascots of the Games were "Roni" and "Ronny", two raccoons. The mask-like rings on a raccoon's face recall the goggles and hats worn by many athletes in winter sports.

The sports were played at the Olympic Center (later renamed Herb Brooks Arena), Whiteface Mountain, Mt. Van Hoevenberg Olympic Bobsled Run, the Olympic Ski Jumps, the Cascade Cross Country Ski Center, and the Lake Placid High School Speed Skating Oval.

Host selection[edit]

The selection process for the 1980 Winter Olympics consisted of one bid, from Lake Placid, United States. It was selected at the 75th IOC Session in Vienna on October 13, 1974.[1]

Highlights[edit]

Notable highlights included:

  • The United States men's ice hockey team, composed mostly of collegiate players and not predicted to advance beyond group play, won the gold medal, defeating the heavily favored Soviet team and Finland in the medal round. The United States team's 4–3 win over the Soviet team, which came into the 1980 Games having won 4 consecutive Olympic gold medals, became known as the "Miracle on Ice" in the US press. The win captured the hearts of Americans during a time of Cold War tensions, even though it was the win against Finland that captured the gold medal. (The Soviet team ultimately won the bronze medal.)
  • Eric Heiden of the United States captured all 5 awarded gold medals in speedskating, setting 4 Olympic records and 1 world record (10,000m) in the process and delivering 83% of the American gold medals. Heiden is still the only athlete to win 5 gold medals at one Winter Games.
  • Sweden's Ingemar Stenmark won both the giant slalom and the slalom.
  • Hanni Wenzel won the women's giant slalom and slalom, making Liechtenstein the smallest country to produce an Olympic champion.
  • Ulrich Wehling of East Germany and Irina Rodnina of the USSR won their respective events for the third time.
  • Aleksandr Tikhonov of the USSR earned his fourth straight gold medal.
  • Nikolay Zimyatov of the USSR earned three gold medals in cross-country skiing.
  • Robin Cousins won gold for Great Britain in the men's singles figure skating.
  • East Germany won the most medals overall (23) but had fewer golds (9) than the USSR (10).
  • In possibly the most dramatic duel of the games, Sweden's Thomas Wassberg edged Finland's Juha Mieto in the 15 km cross-country skiing by 0.01 seconds, the closest margin of victory ever in Olympic cross-country skiing. This led the International Ski Federation (ISF) to time all events to the nearest 1/10 second in the future.[citation needed]
  • Although they did not get any medals, the People's Republic of China entered the Olympics Games for the first time after the IOC agreed to designate the Republic of China "Chinese Taipei".
  • Lake Placid 1980 marked the first use of artificial snow in Olympic competition.
  • Lake Placid 1980 was the last Olympics to be opened by the Vice President of the United States, as 1980 was a Presidential election year.

Sports[edit]

The Olympic cauldron

There were 38 events contested in 6 sports (10 disciplines). See the medal winners, ordered by sport:

Venues[edit]

Critics decried poorly planned transportation which left spectators waiting for hours in freezing weather, and some athletes complained about lousy accommodations at the Olympic village, where the dorms would later be turned into a prison, FCI Ray Brook. The supply and demand for event tickets never merged, as would-be buyers were unable to buy unsold tickets because only those who already had a ticket could enter ticket-sales areas at venues. Unsold tickets are still being sold as souvenirs at several local tourist shops, including the Olympic Regional Development Association's gift shop at the Olympic Arena. The former Will Rogers Memorial Hospital was briefly used as press headquarters.[2]

Medal count[edit]

Two gold and bronze Olympic medals from XIII Olympic Winter Games

(Host nation highlighted)

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Soviet Union 10 6 6 22
2  East Germany (GDR) 9 7 7 23
3 United States 6 4 2 12
4 Austria 3 2 2 7
5 Sweden 3 0 1 4
6 Liechtenstein 2 2 0 4
7 Finland 1 5 3 9
8 Norway 1 3 6 10
9 Netherlands 1 2 1 4
10 Switzerland 1 1 3 5

Participating nations[edit]

37 NOCs participated. United States President Jimmy Carter had already called for the boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, leading to a great deal of tension at the Games. Nevertheless, the USSR and its allies participated (though the USSR didn't participate in the 1984 Summer Olympics, held in Los Angeles).

Cyprus made their Olympic debut at the 1980 Winter Olympics. The People's Republic of China and Costa Rica both made their Winter Olympic debut. The Republic of China had boycotted the Games over the IOC's recognition of the PRC as "China", and its request for the Republic of China to compete as "Chinese Taipei".[3]

Mascot[edit]

Main article: Roni (mascot)

Roni is the Olympic mascot of these Games, created by Don Moss. The mascot is a racoon, which is a familiar animal from the mountainous region of the Adirondacks where Lake Placid is situated. The name Roni comes from the word racoon in Iroquoian, the language of the native people from the region of the State of New York and Lake Placid and was chosen by Lake Placid school children.[4]

Theme song[edit]

The official theme song for the 1980 Winter Olympics was "Give It All You Got" by the American flugelhorn player Chuck Mangione, who performed the song (along with the song "Pina Colada") live at the Closing Ceremonies, with the Hamilton Philharmonic Orchestra (Canada).[5]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Archived from the original on March 17, 2011. Retrieved March 17, 2011. 
  2. ^ Raymond W. Smith (July 1983). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Will Rogers Memorial Hospital". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved July 10, 2010. 
  3. ^ Kiat.net
  4. ^ Olympic Winter Games Mascots from Innsbruck 1976 to Sochi 2014 Olympic.org
  5. ^ Hyatt, Wesley (1999). The Billboard Book of No.1 Adult Contemporary Hits (Billboard Publications)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Innsbruck
Winter Olympics
Lake Placid

XIII Olympic Winter Games (1980)
Succeeded by
Sarajevo

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1980_Winter_Olympics — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
141715 videos foundNext > 

USA vs. Soviets (full game)

full game usa vs. soviets.

ABC Commercial Breaks - February 13, 1980 (Winter Olympics)

I WANT YOUR MTV! If you have old Beta or VHS tapes containing recordings of MTV from 1981 - 1987, I would love to talk with you (especially if the tapes cont...

1980 Olympic Winter Games Closing Ceremony, Lake Placid Part 1

Part 1 of the broadcast of the closing ceremony of the 1980 winter olympics.

Prepping Lake Placid for the 1980 Olympics - AT&T Archives

See more from the AT&T Archives at http://techchannel.att.com/archives The first Olympics to be transmitted via television globally were the 1964 Innsbruck G...

Austrian Reserve Leonhard Stock Wins Skiing Gold - Lake Placid 1980 Winter Olympics

Considered a young Austrian talent for the Lake Placid 1980 Olympic Winter Games, Leonhard Stock however, having fractured a collarbone only two months previ...

1980 Winter Olympics USA vs. Sweden

The final 41 seconds of play between the United States and Sweden from the preliminary round of the of the 1980 Winter Olympics. The Americans tied the Swede...

1980 USA Miracle on Ice. Best Quality.

The Final minute of the USA Vs USSR 1980 Olympic match.

USA's 'Miracle On Ice' Performance - Lake Placid 1980 Winter Olympics

Team USA defeats the mighty USSR Ice Hockey team in a game that would be forever know as the 'miracle on ice'. The underdog triumph came at the 1980 Lake Pla...

Linda Fratianne - 1980 Winter Olympics Short Program

Linda Fratianne had some catching up to do after placing 3rd in the compulsory figures at the 1980 Olympic Winter Games in Lake Placid. This Short Program wo...

Men's Ice Hockey - Lake Placid 1980 Winter Olympic Games

The men take to the ice in a timeless contest for hockey gold at the Lake Placid 1980 Winter Olympic Games. Athletes featured in this video : USA Team, Unite...

141715 videos foundNext > 

852 news items

 
Albany Business Review
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 13:45:00 -0800

The academy began as a winter sports tutorial program in the years leading up to the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid. Because of its access to Olympic training facilities, the academy quickly built a following and grew into a 10-month prep school ...

ESPN

ESPN
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 00:57:49 -0800

MOSCOW -- Viktor Tikhonov, the Soviet hockey coach whose teams won three Olympic gold medals but fell to the United States in the "Miracle on Ice," died after a long illness. He was 84. Russia's Kontinental Hockey League said early Monday that Tikhonov ...
 
The Intelligencer
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 17:23:41 -0800

At Mt. Van Hoevenberg, site of the 1980 Winter Olympics, rentals and lessons are available. Nothing like a 10-mile ski followed by a bowl of their world-class chili beside the fireplace in the lodge. But if we get one of those two-footers, just head ...
 
Albany Business Review
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 12:20:12 -0800

What began as a winter sports tutorial program in the years leading up to the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, grew into a 10-month prep school academy in 1981, a year after the U.S. men's hockey team won the Olympic gold medal after upsetting ...

Boston Globe

Boston Globe
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 22:27:49 -0800

One of my first memories of watching sports is “The Miracle on Ice” — the United States hockey team's upset of Russia in the 1980 Winter Olympics. I'm pretty sure the game was aired on tape delay, but in 1980, what did it matter? Continue reading below.
 
Chron.com (blog)
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 08:18:45 -0800

He witnessed the sublime — the UCLA-Houston basketball “Game of the Century” at the Astrodome in 1968 and the USA-Russia hockey game at the 1980 Winter Olympics – and the ridiculous – Evel Knievel's ill-fated attempt to jump the Snake River in 1974.

NHL.com

NHL.com
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 14:41:15 -0800

He did it for the United States against Russia in "The Miracle on Ice" during the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, N.Y. Eruzione, who serves as Boston University's director of special outreach at his alma mater, was on hand Tuesday to witness the ...
 
The Morning Journal
Sun, 14 Dec 2014 19:56:15 -0800

Those who think Al Michaels has lived a remarkable life as a sportscaster are 100 percent correct. Arguably America's best sportscaster, Michaels will be forever known for his call, “Do you believe in miracles? Yes!” during the 1980 Winter Olympics ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight