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XIII Olympic Winter Games
1980 Winter Olympics logo.svg
The emblem is a line that forms the Adirondacks,
which becomes a column on the left,
paying tribute the ancient Olympic games.
The top of the column is serrated
to hold the Olympic rings. This represents
a double cauldron, acknowledging that
the Olympics were also held in Lake Placid in 1932.
Host city Lake Placid, New York, United States
Nations participating 37
Athletes participating 1072
(840 men, 232 women)
Events 38 in 6 sports (10 disciplines)
Opening ceremony February 14
Closing ceremony February 23
Officially opened by Vice President Walter Mondale
Athlete's Oath Eric Heiden
Judge's Oath Terry McDermott
Olympic Torch Charles Gugino
Stadium Lake Placid Equestrian Stadium

The 1980 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIII Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XIIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), was a multi-sport event which was celebrated from February 14, through February 24, 1980 in Lake Placid, New York, United States of America. This was the second time the Upstate New York village hosted the Games, after 1932. The only other candidate city to bid for the Games was Vancouver-Garibaldi, British Columbia, Canada; which withdrew before the final vote.

The mascots of the Games were "Roni" and "Ronny", two raccoons. The mask-like rings on a raccoon's face recall the goggles and hats worn by many athletes in winter sports.

The sports were played at the Olympic Center (later renamed Herb Brooks Arena), Whiteface Mountain, Mt. Van Hoevenberg Olympic Bobsled Run, the Olympic Ski Jumps, the Cascade Cross Country Ski Center, and the Lake Placid High School Speed Skating Oval.

Host selection[edit]

The selection process for the 1980 Winter Olympics consisted of one bid, from Lake Placid, United States. It was selected at the 75th IOC Session in Vienna on October 13, 1974.[1]

Highlights[edit]

Notable highlights included:

  • The United States men's ice hockey team, composed mostly of collegiate players and not predicted to advance beyond group play, won the gold medal, defeating the heavily favored Soviet team and Finland in the medal round. The United States team's 4–3 win over the Soviet team, which came into the 1980 Games having won 4 consecutive Olympic gold medals, became known as the "Miracle on Ice" in the US press. The win captured the hearts of Americans during a time of Cold War tensions, even though it was the win against Finland that captured the gold medal. (The Soviet team ultimately won the silver medal.)
  • Eric Heiden of the United States won gold in the 500m, 1000m, 1500m, 5000m, and 10,000m speedskating events, setting 4 Olympic records and 1 world record (10,000m) in the process and delivering 83% of the American gold medals (the only other gold, as noted above, was won by the hockey team). Heiden became the first to ever win all five speed skating events and is still the only athlete to win 5 gold medals at one Winter Games.
  • Sweden's Ingemar Stenmark won both the giant slalom and the slalom.
  • Hanni Wenzel won the women's giant slalom and slalom, making Liechtenstein the smallest country to produce an Olympic champion.
  • Ulrich Wehling of East Germany and Irina Rodnina of the USSR won their respective events for the third time, Wehling in Nordic combined and Rodnina in pairs figure skating.
  • Aleksandr Tikhonov of the USSR earned his fourth straight gold medal as part of the 4 x 7.5m biathlon relay team.
  • Nikolay Zimyatov of the USSR earned three gold medals in cross-country skiing.
  • Robin Cousins won gold for Great Britain in the men's singles figure skating.
  • East Germany won the most medals overall (23) but had fewer golds (9) than the USSR (10).
  • In possibly the most dramatic duel of the games, Sweden's Thomas Wassberg edged Finland's Juha Mieto in the 15 km cross-country skiing by 0.01 seconds, the closest margin of victory ever in Olympic cross-country skiing. This led the International Ski Federation (ISF) to time all events to the nearest 1/10 second in the future.[citation needed]
  • Although they did not get any medals, the People's Republic of China entered the Olympics Games for the first time after the IOC agreed to designate the Republic of China "Chinese Taipei".
  • Lake Placid 1980 marked the first use of artificial snow in Olympic competition.
  • Lake Placid 1980 was the last Olympics to be opened by the Vice President of the United States, as 1980 was a Presidential election year.

Sports[edit]

The Olympic cauldron

There were 38 events contested in 6 sports (10 disciplines). See the medal winners, ordered by sport:

Venues[edit]

Critics decried poorly planned transportation which left spectators waiting for hours in freezing weather, and some athletes complained about lousy accommodations at the Olympic village, where the dorms would later be turned into a prison, FCI Ray Brook. The supply and demand for event tickets never merged, as would-be buyers were unable to buy unsold tickets because only those who already had a ticket could enter ticket-sales areas at venues. Unsold tickets are still being sold as souvenirs at several local tourist shops, including the Olympic Regional Development Association's gift shop at the Olympic Arena. The former Will Rogers Memorial Hospital was briefly used as press headquarters.[2]

Medal count[edit]

Two gold and bronze Olympic medals from XIII Olympic Winter Games

(Host nation highlighted)

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Soviet Union 10 6 6 22
2  East Germany (GDR) 9 7 7 23
3 United States 6 4 2 12
4 Austria 3 2 2 7
5 Sweden 3 0 1 4
6 Liechtenstein 2 2 0 4
7 Finland 1 5 3 9
8 Norway 1 3 6 10
9 Netherlands 1 2 1 4
10 Switzerland 1 1 3 5

Participating nations[edit]

37 NOCs participated. United States President Jimmy Carter had already called for the boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, leading to a great deal of tension at the Games. Nevertheless, the USSR and its allies participated (though the USSR didn't participate in the 1984 Summer Olympics, held in Los Angeles).

Cyprus made their Olympic debut at the 1980 Winter Olympics. The People's Republic of China and Costa Rica both made their Winter Olympic debut. The Republic of China had boycotted the Games over the IOC's recognition of the PRC as "China", and its request for the Republic of China to compete as "Chinese Taipei".[3]

Mascot[edit]

Main article: Roni (mascot)

Roni is the Olympic mascot of these Games, created by Don Moss. The mascot is a racoon, which is a familiar animal from the mountainous region of the Adirondacks where Lake Placid is situated. The name Roni comes from the word racoon in Iroquoian, the language of the native people from the region of the State of New York and Lake Placid and was chosen by Lake Placid school children.[4]

Theme song[edit]

The official theme song for the 1980 Winter Olympics was "Give It All You Got" by the American flugelhorn player Chuck Mangione, who performed the song (along with the song "Pina Colada") live at the Closing Ceremonies, with the Hamilton Philharmonic Orchestra (Canada).[5]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Archived from the original on March 17, 2011. Retrieved March 17, 2011. 
  2. ^ Raymond W. Smith (July 1983). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Will Rogers Memorial Hospital". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved July 10, 2010. 
  3. ^ Kiat.net
  4. ^ Olympic Winter Games Mascots from Innsbruck 1976 to Sochi 2014 Olympic.org
  5. ^ Hyatt, Wesley (1999). The Billboard Book of No.1 Adult Contemporary Hits (Billboard Publications)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Innsbruck
Winter Olympics
Lake Placid

XIII Olympic Winter Games (1980)
Succeeded by
Sarajevo

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1980_Winter_Olympics — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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1278 news items

Valley News

Valley News
Sat, 28 Mar 2015 21:57:20 -0700

On the way to Massena it held practice at the Lake Placid Olympic Center, taking in the historic significance of playing at the site of the famous “Miracle on Ice” when the underdog U.S. men's hockey team upset Russia during the 1980 Winter Olympics.
 
alloveralbany
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 13:20:41 -0800

Lake Placid still has the facilities from the 1980 Winter Olympics -- and that's great. But it doesn't mean the games should return. Every now and then the idea of New York State hosting the Olympics pops up. And it's done so again this week, with ...
 
Lake Placid News
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 05:59:27 -0700

Lake Placid's identity needs to be branded by area residents to impress upon visitors that it is a quintessential mountain village that hosted the 1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics, the last small-town Olympics in world history. More importantly, we should ...

NOLA.com

Columbus Dispatch
Thu, 19 Mar 2015 08:45:07 -0700

Americans of a certain age, even those otherwise indifferent to hockey, are likely to have vivid memories of the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York, when a bunch of U.S. college players upset a formidable Soviet team. It was the Miracle on ...

Real Estate Weekly

Real Estate Weekly
Wed, 25 Mar 2015 05:11:15 -0700

During Harwood's leadership of Square Industries, the company managed parking at the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, N.Y., one of Harwood's proudest achievements. Born in Newark and raised in Jersey City, Harwood returned to Hudson County ...
 
The Republic
Thu, 05 Mar 2015 04:22:30 -0800

The site of the 1980 Winter Olympics at Lake Placid offers the rare chance to try this lesser known sliding sport on its twisting sled run. For $75, visitors on winter Saturdays can take a skeleton ride on the wild slide. While racers take running ...
 
Bobcats Athletics
Tue, 10 Mar 2015 14:22:30 -0700

The championships are slated for March 11-14 at the site of the 1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics. It was on Whiteface Mountain where US Olympic standout Phil Mahre won silver in the slalom. The championships will be hosted by St. Lawrence University.

NJ.com

NJ.com
Thu, 19 Mar 2015 23:56:15 -0700

During Harwood's leadership of Square Industries, the company managed parking at the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, N.Y., one of Harwood's proudest achievements. Harwood served on the board of the Jersey City Chamber of Commerce, and ...
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