The 1917 Code of Canon Law, also referred to as the Pio-Benedictine Code, was the first comprehensive codification of Latin canon law. It was promulgated on 27 May 1917 and took legal effect on 19 May 1918. It was in force until the 1983 Code of Canon Law took legal effect and abrogated it on 27 November 1983.
Cover of the 1917 Code of Canon Law
By the 19th Century, this body of legislation included some 10,000 norms. Many these were difficult to reconcile with one another due to changes in circumstances and practice. This situation impelled Pope St. Pius X to order the creation of the first Code of Canon Law, a single volume of clearly stated laws. Under the aegis of the Cardinal Pietro Gasparri, the Commission for the Codification of Canon Law was completed under Benedict XV, who promulgated the Code, effective in 1918. The work having been begun by Pius X and promulgated by Benedict XV, it is sometimes called the "Pio-Benedictine Code" but more often the 1917 Code. In its preparation, centuries of material was examined, scrutinized for authenticity by leading experts, and harmonized as much as possible with opposing canons and even other codes, from the Codex of Justinian to the Napoleonic Code.
In response to the request of the bishops at the First Vatican Council, on 14 May 1904, with the motu proprio "Arduum sane munus", Pope Pius X set up a commission to begin work on reducing these diverse documents into a single code, presenting the normative portion in the form of systematic short canons shorn of the preliminary considerations ("Whereas...") and omitting those parts that had been superseded by later developments.
The code was promulgated on 27 May 1917 as the Code of Canon Law (Latin: Codex Iuris Canonici) by his successor, Pope Benedict XV, who set 19 May 1918 as the date on which it came into force. For the most part, it applied only to the Latin Church except when "it treats of things that, by their nature, apply to the Oriental", such as the effects of baptism (canon 87). It contained 2,414 canons.
- ^ a b c Dr. Edward Peters, CanonLaw.info, accessed June-9-2013
- ^ NYTimes.com, "New Canon Law Code in Effect for Catholics", 27-Nov-1983, accessed June-25-2013
- ^ Pietro Cardinal Gasparri, preface to the CIC 1917
- ^ Manual of Canon Law, pg. 47
- ^ Manual of Canon Law, pg. 49
- ^ Ap Const. Providentissima Mater Ecclesia Benedict XV, 27 May 1917
- ^ canon 1, 1917 Code of Canon Law
- ^ Dr. Edward N. Peters, CanonLaw.info "A Simple Overview of Canon Law", accessed June-11-2013
Manual of Canon Law
Fernando della Rocca (translated by Rev. Anselm Thatcher, O.S.B.), "Manual of Canon Law" (Milwaukee: The Bruce Publishing Company, 1959)
1917 (Pio-Benedictine) Code of Canon Law (CIC)
Translated by Edward Peters, "The 1917 or Pio-Benedictine Code of Canon Law: in English Translation with Extensive Scholarly Apparatus" (Ignatius Press, 2001)
The New Code of Canon Law of the Counterfeit-Catholic Church, 1983
1983 Code of Canon Law Promulgated by heretics anti-Pope John Paul II & anti-Pope Benedict XVI Roman Catholic Church under dictatorship of 'Pontiff' not unde...
Aurelio Porfiri's Video article: Am I a disease?
In this video, Aurelio Porfiri reflects on the change in Canon law wording. The 1917 code said “reduced to the laical state.” The new code speaks of “dismiss...
Against Doctrinal Errors 3
Music is copyrighted to Dave Grusin and Cyndi Lauper. 'The Goonies', Goondocks theme. Thirty-Fourth Error: Heresy is an attitude or perspective that obstruct...
Vatican Pope Take-over almost Done! Antichrist triumphs, Fatima Prophecy, Vatican Council 2
December 8, 1965 - The Second Vatican Council closes. 1966 - In the aftermath of Vatican II, the Bishop of Fatima, Bishop John Venancio, comes to understand ...
GLOBALISM Ronald Reagan's Navie Speech On WORLD Peace By Ridding Differences Via An ET Threat
How To Go To Heaven: http://www.jesus-is-savior.com/how_to_be_saved.html "...the best way to unite all the nations on this globe would be an attack from some...
Is Corporate Law Still a Race to the Top?
April 8, 2008 Speaker: Hon. Frank H. Easterbrook, Chief Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit Presented by: the Center for Business Law and Re...
Church Authority And The Apparitions of the Virgin at Medjugorje
Church Authority And The Apparitions of the Virgin at Medjugorje The importance of the apparitions of the Virgin at Medjugorje lies in that they are taking p...
Stephen Bohr: His Way is in the Sanctuary 20/32
Stephen Bohr: His Way is in the Sanctuary 20/32 As a Thief in the Night DISCLAIMER: I do not own this production. Secrets Unsealed owns it; for more Scriptur...
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (Persian: محمد رضا شاه پهلوی; [mohæmˈmæd reˈzɒː ˈʃɒːhe pæhlæˈviː]; 25 October 1919 – 27 July 1980) was the ruler of Iran (Shah of...
Twitching Tongues (Multi-Cam Full Set)
Twitching Tongues July 25, 2014 The Electric Factory Philadelphia, PA Additional camerawork by Steven Cergizan Mixed by Taylor Young at The Pit in Van Nuys, ...
National Catholic Register
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 11:09:51 -0700
In fact, the 1917 Code of Canon Law did not require the involvement of laypeople, but permitted bishops to “call others to the synod.” Now, the 1983 code specifically requires the invitation of “lay members of the Christian faithful.” Whereas the 1917 ...
Catholic Culture (blog)
Thu, 11 Sep 2014 20:51:11 -0700
Canon 761 of the 1917 Code of Canon Law stated "Pastors should take care that a Christian name is given to those whom they baptize; but if they are not able to bring this about, they will add to the name given by the parents the name of some Saint and ...
Wed, 03 Sep 2014 22:26:15 -0700
Beyond his diplomatic and humanitarian activity, Benedict XV also issued the 1917 Code of Canon Law, the first time that canon law had been codified. He was honored when Joseph Ratzinger was elected Bishop of Rome in 2005, and took his name, ...
National Catholic Reporter (blog)
Thu, 08 May 2014 06:18:26 -0700
One of the least remarked aspects of the whole discussion about divorce and remarriage is that before the 1917 Code of Canon Law was adopted for the universal Church, in this country and most others, the parish priest dealt with the issue. To be sure ...
Fri, 27 Jun 2014 07:15:00 -0700
Any body part of a saint or blessed qualifies as a first-class relic: "the body, head, arm, forearm, heart, tongue, hand, leg or other part of the body that suffered in a martyr, provided it is intact and is not little," in the words of the 1917 Code ...
National Catholic Register (blog)
Tue, 26 Apr 2011 07:24:25 -0700
Some time ago I did a post (possibly more than one) dealing with the subject of women's headcoverings at Mass—a practice that was required by the 1917 Code of Canon Law but that then fell into desuetude after the Second Vatican Council and was ...
Catholic News Service
Fri, 07 Feb 2014 08:07:30 -0800
The 1917 Code of Canon Law stipulated that a sainthood cause could not open until 50 years after the candidate's death. Pope John Paul shortened the period to five years, but set even that aside for Mother Teresa of Kolkata. A month after Pope John ...
National Catholic Reporter (blog)
Tue, 28 Jan 2014 13:32:35 -0800
Bishop selection was finally settled, according to U.S. Catholic, in the 1917 Code of Canon Law, which clearly gives the power to choose a bishop away from the hands of the people and to the papal office. I agree with U.S. Catholic that a sound ...
Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter
Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group.