digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

1915 Avezzano earthquake
Avezzano Earthquake Ruins.jpg
Ruins of Via Napoli in Avezzano
1915 Avezzano earthquake is located in Italy
1915 Avezzano earthquake
Date 13 January 1915 (1915-01-13)
Origin time 6:52 UTC [1]
Magnitude 7.0 [1]
Epicenter 42°00′N 13°42′E / 42°N 13.7°E / 42; 13.7Coordinates: 42°00′N 13°42′E / 42°N 13.7°E / 42; 13.7 [1]
Areas affected Italy
Casualties 32,610 [1]

The 1915 Avezzano earthquake or 1915 L'Aquila earthquake occurred on January 13[2] in central Italy, near the city of L'Aquila. The epicenter was located in the town of Avezzano in central Italy. More than 30,000 direct fatalities resulted from the earthquake, destroying the epicentral area.

History[edit]

Central and southern Italy in particular have been earthquake zones for over 300 years, with the deadliest earthquake dating back to at least the 1693 Sicily earthquake. Powerful shocks in 1693, 1783, and 1908 as well as 1915 have killed over 30,000 people each.[2]

Damage and casualties[edit]

Ruins of Castle Orsini, Avezzano

The earthquake took place at around 8:00 local time affecting thousands of people throughout central and southern Italy; the shaking was even felt in Rome.[3] The town of Avezzano was literally toppled from the shaking and only one high-rise building survived.[4] 96 percent of its population was eliminated almost simultaneously, the worst casualty zone. Several other settlements were demolished in the worst of the earthquake. This damage was attributed to the length of the shock, over 1 minute, and the enormous amount of energy released during the tremor. Compound motion of the fault was also a likely contributor to the earthquake's destruction. The structure of the housing also contributed to the collapse; many homes had been built from simple rocks of varying size and were not reinforced by mortar or even wood.[4]

Damage of the earthquake was distributed throughout central and southern Italy. St John's Lateran reported one fallen statue in addition to cracks in the Column of Marcus Aurelius; Rome experienced other minor damages. In fact, damage from the earthquake was diverse; either the location was destroyed or experienced little to no damage.[3]

Survivors were pulled out slowly from the ruins of earthquake-stricken zones. One man survived in a barn for a period of 25 days living solely off of grains and water. After a short time the searchers ran out of space to dispose of the debris as it was too overwhelming in mass, forcing the workers to give up. As E.V. Robinson later described, the remaining "work of excavation seemed to go on in an unsystematic and half hearted way".[4]

Response and relief efforts[edit]

Initial reports did not mention serious damage, and not until later that night did the scale of the devastation become clear. The government in Rome assumed local authorities had delayed reporting the facts, and it was rumored that they even tried to remove one mayor from office. However, when trying to serve him notice it became clear that he, together with most of his town's people, had died in the earthquake. Because of World War I the government decided not to accept foreign assistance, and a national rescue and relief effort was promptly started. [3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Utsu, T. R. (2002), "A List of Deadly Earthquakes in the World: 1500-2000", International Handbook of Earthquake & Engineering Seismology, Part A, Volume 81A (First ed.), Academic Press, p. 703, ISBN 978-0124406520 
  2. ^ a b "Italy's earthquake history". BBC News. 31 October 2002. Retrieved 25 April 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c Robinson, E.V., page 265.
  4. ^ a b c Robinson, E.V., page 266.

Sources[edit]

  • Robinson, E.V. (May 1915). "A Visit to the Avezzano Earthquake Zone". Journal of Geography XIII (9). 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1915_Avezzano_earthquake — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
223 videos foundNext > 

IL TERREMOTO DI AVEZZANO 1915 (www.enzocoletta.tv)

In questo video, (voce di Enzo Coletta) trasmesso su ATV7 , in occasione del suo "Talk show di Enzo Coletta" , potete vedere le immagini drammatiche ed esclu...

AVEZZANO PRIMA DEL TERREMOTO (1915)

In questo plastico, realizzato da Sergio Alberini, viene rappresentato Avezzano prima del terremoto del 1915. Questo documento e' stato messo in onda in occa...

LE FOTO DEL TERREMOTO DI AVEZZANO (1915)

iN QUESTE FOTO VIENE RIEVOCATO IL TERREMOTO DI AVEZZANO DEL 1915. (Commento Enzo Coletta) WEB TV www.enzocoletta.tv.it.

Terremoto di Avezzano 1915 - 2015

celebrazioni centenario.

Avezzano memorial terremoto 1915

Avezzano memorial terremoto 1915.

30000 (MARSICA - 1915)

20 secondi, migliaia di storie... Diretto da PAOLO SANTAMARIA. Con NICOLAS ZAPPA. Missaggio e mastering ALFREDO DIAMANTI. 2015 © Tutti i diritti riservati __...

TERREMOTO -Torre Cajetani 13 Gennaio 1915

Per non dimenticare.

On This Day - January 13, A Shot Of History

Get On This Day delivered free to your inbox: http://bit.ly/14agw7n http://www.worldcrunch.com 1915 – Earthquake in Avezzano Italy kills 30000 http://en.wik...

Living Poemotus 1915 di Dimitri Ruggeri

Backstage [ www.dimitriruggeri.com ] Nell'ambito di una serie di iniziative organizzate dalla Città di Pescina per commemorare il Centenario del Terremoto de...

IL TERREMOTO DELLA MARSICA 1915

IL TERREMOTO DELLA MARSICA DEL 1915 INGV.

223 videos foundNext > 

2 news items

 
Neon Tommy
Wed, 11 May 2011 19:01:10 -0700

Bendandi was known for predicting the movement of stars and tectonic plates. He correctly predicted the 1915 Avezzano earthquake, which killed 30,000 people, and was only two days off in predicting an earthquake that happened a year later.
 
DigitalJournal.com
Wed, 11 May 2011 08:15:28 -0700

According to the London Telegraph, Bendandi has been correct in previous predictions. He made front-page headlines after he predicted the 1915 Avezzano earthquake, which caused 30,000 deaths. His forecast was off by two days and it struck the region of ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight