|1906 in the United States|
|Years:||1903 1904 1905 – 1906 – 1907 1908 1909|
45 stars (1896–1908)
Events from the year 1906 in the United States.
- President: Theodore Roosevelt (Republican)
- Vice President: Charles W. Fairbanks (Republican)
- Chief Justice: Melville Fuller
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Joseph Gurney Cannon (R-Illinois)
- Congress: 59th
- January 8 – A landslide in Haverstraw, New York kills 21.
- February 28 – Upton Sinclair publishes The Jungle, a novel depicting the life of an immigrant family in Chicago during the early 1900s (decade).
- March 17 – The Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity is founded at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
- April 5 – The Maryland General Assembly authorizes the erection of the Union Soldiers and Sailors Monument in Baltimore.
- April 14 – The first service is held at African Methodist Episcopal Church in Los Angeles by W.J. Seymour, in a series later known as the Azusa Street Revival, an event which launches the Pentecostal movement in Christianity.
- April 18 – The 1906 San Francisco earthquake (estimated magnitude 7.8) on the San Andreas Fault destroys much of San Francisco, California, killing at least 3,000, with 225,000–300,000 left homeless, and $350 million in damages.
- June 6 – Durham and Southern Railway operates its first revenue train, Bonsal to Durham, North Carolina.
- June 8 – Theodore Roosevelt signs the Antiquities Act into law, authorizing the President to restrict the use of certain parcels of public land with historical or conservation value.
- June 25 – Harry K. Thaw shoots architect Stanford White.
- June 29 – Mesa Verde is declared a National Park.
- June 30 – The United States Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act.
- August 23 – Unable to control a rebellion in the newly formed Cuban Republic, Pres. Tomás Estrada Palma requests U.S. intervention.
- September 5 – Bradbury Robinson of St. Louis University throws the first legal forward pass in an American football game.
- September 22 – Race riots in Atlanta, Georgia result in 27 people killed and the black-owned business district severely damaged.
- September 24 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt proclaims Devils Tower the nation's first National Monument.
- September 26 – The first concert of the Telharmonium, the first music synthesizer, is presented at Telharmonic Hall, Broadway at 39th St., New York City.
- September 30 – The first Gordon Bennett Cup in ballooning is held, starting in Paris. The winning team, piloting the balloon United States, lands in Fylingdales, Yorkshire.
- October 1 – The Madeira School, a private boarding school for girls, opens with 28 students attending classes in 2 buildings on 19th Street, just off Dupont Circle in downtown Washington, DC.
- October 11 – The San Francisco public school board sparks a United States diplomatic crisis with Japan, by ordering Japanese students to be taught in racially segregated schools.
- November 9 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt leaves for a trip to Panama to inspect the construction progress of the Panama Canal (the first time a sitting President of the United States makes an official trip outside of the United States).
- December 4 – Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, the first inter-collegiate Greek-letter organization established for African Americans, is founded at Cornell University.
- December 8 – The Petrified Forest, Arizona is designated a National Monument.
- December 10 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in negotiating peace in the Russo-Japanese War (1905).
- January 14 – William Bendix, actor (died 1964)
- January 22 – Robert E. Howard, author (died 1936)
- February 4 – Clyde Tombaugh, astronomer (died 1997)
- February 10
- February 20 – John Kenley, theatrical producer (died 2009)
- February 28 – Bugsy Siegel, gangster (died 1947)
- March 4 – Charles Rudolph Walgreen, Jr., businessman (died 2007)
- March 6 – Lou Costello, actor and comedian, half of Abbott & Costello team, (died 1959)
- March 20 – Ozzie Nelson, actor and band leader (died 1975)
- April 4 – John Cameron Swayze, journalist (died 1995)
- April 22 – Eddie Albert, actor (died 2005)
- April 25 – William J. Brennan, Supreme Court Justice (died 1997)
- May 3 – Mary Astor, actress and writer (died 1987)
- May 11 – Jacqueline Cochran, aviatrix (died 1980)
- May 12 – Maurice Ewing, geophysicist and oceanographer (died 1974)
- May 19 – Bruce Bennett, athlete and actor (died 2007)
- May 23 – Allan Scott, screenwriter (died 1995)
- May 28 – Phil Regan, actor (died 1996)
- June 3 – Josephine Baker, actress (died 1975)
- June 19 – Earl W. Bascom, rodeo pioneer, artist, inventor (died 1995)
- June 22 – Anne Morrow Lindbergh, author and aviator (died 2001)
- June 26 – Viktor Schreckengost, industrial designer (died 2008)
- July 1 – Estée Lauder, cosmetics entrepreneur (died 2004)
- July 7 – Satchel Paige, baseball player (died 1982)
- July 18 – S. I. Hayakawa, Canadian-born American academic and politician (died 1992))
- August 6 – Vic Dickenson, trombonist (died 1984)
- August 9 – Robert L. Surtees, cinematographer (died 1985)
- August 12 – Tedd Pierce, animator (died 1972)
- August 27 – Ed Gein, serial killer (died 1984)
- September 5 – Shimon Agranat, American-born former President of the Supreme Court of Israel (died 1992)
- September 17 – Raymond D. Mindlin, mechanician (died 1987)
- September 17 – Edgar Wayburn, environmentalist
- September 21 – Henry Beachell, plant breeder (died 2006)
- October 6 – Janet Gaynor, actress (died 1984)
- October 15 – Hiram Fong, businessman and politician (died 2004)
- October 23 – Gertrude Ederle, swimmer (died 2003)
- October 27 – Earle Cabell, politician (died 1975)
- November 1 – Johnny Indrisano, boxer and actor (died 1968)
- November 5 – Fred Lawrence Whipple, astronomer (died 2004)
- November 14 – Louise Brooks, actress (died 1985)
- November 18 – George Wald, scientist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1997)
- December 9 – Grace Hopper, computer scientist and naval officer (died 1992)
- December 27 – Oscar Levant, pianist, composer, author, comedian, and actor (died 1972)
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- February 9 – Paul Laurence Dunbar, poet and publisher (born 1872)
- February 27 – Samuel Pierpont Langley, astronomer, physicist, and aeronautics pioneer (born 1834)
- March 13 – Susan B. Anthony, civil rights and women's suffrage activist (born 1820)
- April 11 – Francis Pharcellus Church, editor and publisher (born 1839)
- April 24 – Mary Hunt, temperance activist (born 1830)
- May 14 – Carl Schurz, German-born statesman (born 1829)
- June 17 – Harry Nelson Pillsbury, chess champion (born 1872)
- November 4 – John H. Ketcham, politician (born 1832)
- Media related to 1906 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons
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