digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Ælfweard
King of Wessex (perhaps)
Reign (perhaps) 17 July 924 – 2 August 924
Predecessor Edward the Elder
Successor Æthelstan
House House of Wessex
Father Edward, King of Wessex
Mother Ælfflæd
Born c. 902
Wessex, England
Died 2 August 924 (aged 21–22)
Oxford, England, England
Burial New Minster, Winchester
Religion Chalcedonian Christianity

Ælfweard (c. 902 – 2 August 924) was the second son of Edward the Elder, the eldest born to his second wife Ælfflæd.

Kingship and death[edit]

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle simply states that Ælfweard died soon after his father's death on 17 July 924 and that they were buried together at Winchester. Manuscript D of the Chronicle specifies that he outlived his father by only 16 days. No reign is explicitly attributed to him here. However, a list of West-Saxon kings in the 12th-century Textus Roffensis[1] mentions him as his father's successor, with a reign of four weeks.[2] He is also described as king in the New Minster Liber Vitae,[3] an 11th-century source based in part on earlier material.[4] On the other hand, William of Malmesbury, relying on a poem, related that Edward's eldest son (by his first wife Ecgwynn), Æthelstan, succeeded directly under the terms of King Alfred's will (since lost).[5] The poem had once been considered a near-contemporary authority, but Michael Lapidge has shown this to be based on a misunderstanding of William's reference to "a certain obviously ancient book".[6]

This conflicting documentation has led to alternative interpretations, some modern historians concluding that he had succeeded his father in preference to his older half-brother Æthelstan, while others maintain that Æthelstan was the only heir to his father.[5] Alternatively, a divided rule has been suggested, since the so-called Mercian register of the Chronicle reports that Æthelstan became king of the Mercians, and William of Malmesbury, though denying a reign for Ælfweard, reports that Æthelstan was educated at the Mercian court of his aunt Æthelflæd.[2][5][7] In the view of Simon Keynes, Ælfweard was recognised as king in Wessex and Æthelstan in Mercia, and although it is possible that Edward intended a division of the kingdom after his death, it is more likely that the leaders of Wessex chose Ælfweard and Mercia set up Æthelstan in opposition.[8]

Ælfweard died only 16 days after his father, on 2 August 924 at Oxford, and was buried at the New Minster, Winchester. Æthelstan still had difficulty in securing acceptance in Wessex, and he was not crowned king of the Anglo-Saxons until 4 September 925.[8][9]

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (Rochester, Cathedral Library, MS A.3.5, fols. 7v-8r).
  2. ^ a b Yorke, Bishop Æthelwold. p. 71.
  3. ^ f. 9v, cited by Yorke.
  4. ^ Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England.
  5. ^ a b c Williams, "Some Notes", pp. 149–50.
  6. ^ Lapidge, "Some Latin poems as evidence for the reign of Athelstan." 50-1.
  7. ^ Walker, Mercia and the Making of England. p. 127.
  8. ^ a b Keynes, 'Rulers of the English', p. 514
  9. ^ Foot, Æthelstan, p. 17

References[edit]

  • Foot, Sarah (2011). Æthelstan the first king of England. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-12535-1. 
  • Keynes, Simon (2001). "Rulers of the English, c.450-1066". In Michael Lapidge, John Blair, Simon Keynes and Donald Scragg. The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 978-0-6312-2492-1. 
  • Lapidge, Michael. "Some Latin Poems as Evidence for the Reign of Athelstan." In Anglo-Latin Literature 900–1066, ed. M. Lapidge. London, 1993.
  • Lapidge, Michael (2001). The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-631-22492-1. 
  • Walker, Ian W. (2000). Mercia and the Making of England. Sutton Pub Limited. ISBN 978-0-7509-2131-2. 
  • Williams, Ann, "Some Notes and Considerations on Problems Connected with the English Royal Succession, 860–1066", Proceedings of the Battle Conference, 1978, R. Allen Brown, ed., Boydell & Brewer, 1979, 144–167.
  • Yorke, Barbara. Bishop Æthelwold. His Career and Influence. Woodbridge, 1988.
  • "Ælfweard 4 (male)." Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England. Accessed: 2009-04-08.

Further reading[edit]

  • Keynes, Simon (1996). The Liber Vitae of the New Minster and Hyde Abbey in Winchester. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde and Bagger. pp. 20–22. 

See also[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Edward the Elder
King of Wessex
924
Succeeded by
Athelstan

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ælfweard_of_Wessex — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1 videos found

List of English monarchs

This is a synthesized speech reading of the Wikipedia article "List of English monarchs" and is intended primarily for blind and visually impaired individual...

 
1 videos found

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Ælfweard of Wessex" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Ælfweard of Wessex

You can talk about Ælfweard of Wessex with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!